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FORESTRY 





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JANUARY, 1954 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Editorial 



We Need Police In Our Woods 



(From the Atl 
Forest fires are destroying 
property in the northern parts 
of our state. The woods are as 
dry as tinder and a man driving 
through them knows that one 
match flipped from an automo- 
bile, one lighted cigarette or 
cigar thrown carelessly from the 
window, can light the country- 
side with a sweeping destruction 
of timber, wildlife and all the 
young trees, leaving the area 
scorched and bleak. 

Such conditions, following the 
long drought of the late summer, 
and the continued lack of rain 
in the autumn, always leave the 
woods in dangerous conditions. 
But the normal danger is enhanced, 
if ugly rumors are to be cre- 
dited. 

A spokesman for the Georgia 
Forestry Commission believes 
that woodland fires ' 'definitely 
are being set. 

Latest reports are that fires 
are springing up faster than 
the firefighting crews can ex- 



anta Journal) 

tinguish them. In one period 
of 24 hours, 36 blazes were 
sighted and in sufficient prox- 
imity to arouse suspicion about 
their cause. 

Some 25 fires have been put 
out, but 11 still burn and al- 
ready 1,000 acres on Lookout 
Mountain have been turned into 
a stretch of charred and smoul- 
dering stumps. Some 800 acres 
have been burned on Mole Moun- 
tain. 

The Forestry Commission is 
sending every possible fire-sup- 
pression unit into the area; but 
even with this equipment the de- 
struction has not been brought 
under control. 

We urge that law enforcement 
officers, both state and county, 
join forces. If these fires are 
being set, the people of this 
state request that the utmost 
effort be made to detect the 
criminals and that they be 
brought to swift and positive 
justice. 



Vol. 7 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

January, 1954 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 



No. 1 



Members, Board of Commissioners: 

G. Philip Morgan, Chairman Savannah 

John M. McElrath Macon K. S. Varn — . Waycross 

C. M. Jordan, Jr. Alamo H. 0. Cummings Donalsonville 



Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS.. . Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

* * * * 

DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 



DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

Statesboro 
DISTRICT II— P. O. Box 26, 

Camilla 
DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

Ameri< i 
DISTRICT IV— P. O. Box 333, 

Nevvnan 
DISTRICT V— P. O. Box 328, 

McRae 



DISTRICT VI— P. O. Box 505, 

Milledgeville 
DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Rome 
DISTRICT VIII— P. 0. Box 811, 

Waycross 
DISTRICT IX— P. O. Box 416, 

Gainesville 
DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 

Washington 



Ale GauiianeA 



(From the Atlanta Constitution) 

In the Georgia woods there has 
arisen that combination of circum- 
stances which the foresters dread. 
The change of seasons has turned 
the forest floor to tinder. Na- 
ture's sprinkling system is on 
the blink. No rain of darkening 
consequence has fallen in weeks. 
The wind has been high. 

At the same time traffic in the 

forest areas has picked up as 

folks go to see the pretty leaves 

and as the hunting season opens. 

All these factors add up to a 
high degree of fire hazard. In 
the past few days the woods a- 
cross north Georgia have broken 
into flame. Some of the fires 
were caused by carelessness, some 
were incendiary. Some woods-burn- 
ing suspects have been arrested. 

Caution is the word for those 
who now invade the forest, whe- 
ther they go to hunt or simply to 
feast their eyes. 

Our woods are valuable assets, 
practically and aesthetically, 
and must not be sacrificed to the 
careless and inconsiderate, or to 
the wantonly criminal. 



As the bright new year of 1954 
comes upon the scene with its 
hope and promise, a new crop of 
forest seedlings lift their 
heads and start skyward -- carry- 
ing also a promise and hope of a 
brighter future for Georgia and 
the Southland. This will be a 
better future built on increased 
forest production with its 
increased and stabilized employ- 
ment, increased commerce, and a 
higher standard of living. 
Providence brings forth the new 
year and the new forest crop. 
It remains for man to use this 
and future years to protect, 
manage, and wisely utilize the 
woodlands. 



JANUARY, 1 954 



55,975 Acres 



37 Tree Farms Added 
To State System In 53 



One of the most successful 
years in the entire history of 
the Georgia Tree Farm System 
was recorded during 1953, W. H. 
McComb, assistant director in 
charge of management, Georgia 
Forestry Commission, reported 
this month. 

Mr. McComb reported 37 new 
Tree Farms were added to the 
system during the year to bring 
the total Georgia Tree Farm a- 
rea in the state to 1,064,281 
acres. The new area added to- 
talled 55, 975 acres. 

On Dec. 30, 1953, the total 
number of Tree Farms in the 
state stood at 100. 

Another significant Tree Farm 
accomplishment also was recorded 
in 1953- -the passing of the mil- 
lion acre mark in Tree Farm a- 
creage. 

The Commission management chief 
pointed out, however, that des- 
pite the good record attained 
in 1953, the Commission ''...is 
planning an even greater Tree 
Farm program for 1954. ' ' 

' 'Now that we have gone past 
the million acre mark and reach- 
ed the total of 100 on the num- 
ber of Tree Farms ,' 'he declar- 
ed, ' 'we certainly do not intend 
to relax our efforts in enlist- 
ing many more Georgians in this 
outstanding program. While we 
are proud of the record that has 
been attained, we realize that 
the more than a million acres 
under the current program are 
but a fraction of the total 
lands eligible for Tree Farm 
certification. 

Additional praise for Geor- 
gia's outstanding Tree Farm ac- 
complishments in 1953 came from 
additional forestry organiza- 



tions and representatives through- 
out the nation. 

H. C. Berckes, executive vice 
president, Southern Pine Asso- 
ciation, which sponsors the Tree 
Farm program throughout the en- 
tire South, labeled the 1953 
record in Georgia as ''outstand- 
ing' ' and cited the interest 
which the Tree Farm program had 
aroused in forest management 
work among farmers, landowners, 
and other citizens of Georgia 
and the South. 

' 'Each of those 37 Tree Farms 
certified in your state during 
1953, ' ' he told the Commission, 
''represents an interest which 
was aroused in good management 
methods --an interest which can- 
not be computed in dollars and 
cents. As more and more sou- 
therners come to realize the 
benefits which come from grow- 
ing trees as a crop, so will 
come an increased economic and 
agricultural prosperity for the 
entire region. Tree Farm pro - 
grams such as the one now being 
carried in Georgia are of im- 
measurable value in bringing to 
the public that awareness.'' 

J. C. McClellan, chief for- 
ester, American Forest Products 
Industries, founder and sponsor 
of the nationwide Tree Farm pro- 
gram, also praised the rapid 
growth of the Tree Farm system 
in Georgia in 1953 and cited the 
fact the majority of the acreage 
added was in the small ownership 
class. 

' 'With more than 70 per cent 
of Georgia's total forest area 
in small, private ownership,' 
the A F P I forester said, ''a 
definite need exists for bring- 

(Con tinned on Page 10) 






1 . tyflltefc**. 




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GEORGIA FORESTRY with a minimum of delay. 





SUCCESSFUL DAY FOR SCHOOL- AGE TREE PLANTERS- -More 
than two million forest tree seedlings were planted 
in Georgia on the Georgia 4-11 Club sponsored Tree 
Appreciation Day. School children in nearly every 
county in the state participated. Typical of areas 
where Tree Appreciation Day was observed are these 
scenes from Fulton, Dekalb, and Gilmer counties. 
Fulton County Ranger William Hyatt, upper left, shows 
Ben Hill school children how to plant seedlings. 
DeKalb County Ranger George Lyon, upper right, pre- 
sents seedlings to 4-11 leaders Nina Park and Jesse 
Padgett, while 4-H Advisor Mrs. Phylis Marvin and 
Principal Verne E. Carne, of Hooper Alexander School, 
look on. Gilmer County Ranger W. L. Dover, center 
photo, shows future tree farmers in his county tips on 
planting. Jesse Padgett, wields the dibble and Nina 
Park sets the seedling in the ground, lower left photo, 
at DeKalb' s Hooper Alexander School. Ranger Hyatt' s 
presentation of seedlings to Ben Hill school children, 
lower right photo, is greeted with enthusiasm. 




JANUARY, 1954 



SPCA Meeting G Philip Morgan, 62, 

Forestry Leader, Dies 



The annual meeting of the 
Southern Pulpwood Conservation 
Association to be held at the 
Atlanta Biltmore Hotel January 
19-20 will feature a variety of 
lectures, demonstrations, and 
panel discussions covering all 
phases of the pulpwood industry, 
according to an announcement by 
S. P. C. A. General Manager H. 
J. Malsberger. Foresters, land- 
owners, and industry represen- 
tatives will be present to lis- 
ten to and participate in dis- 
cussions on current pulpwood 
problems. 

On Tuesday afternoon, Harry 
Rossoll, U. S. Forest Service, 
will discuss ''How to Prepare 
and Display Exhibits.'' Ralph 
Wall, Information and Education 
Chief of the Louisiana Forestry 
Commission will explain ''As- 
sembling and Distribution of 
Exhibit Ideas. ' ' Other speeches 
for the day will include ''How 
Newspapers Are Used to Inform' ' 
by Walter Amman of the Knoxville 
Journal, and ''Taking Outdoor 
Pictures'' by J. C. Fitzpatrick 
of Frye's Photo Shop, Atlanta. 
''The S. P. C. A. Sampling Pro- 
cedure for Determining Forestry 
Practices on Private Lands'' 
will be the subject of a panel 
discussion, with H. M. Roller, 
International Paper Company, 
as moderator. 

On Wednesday, Malsberger will 
address the group and present 
the Annual Report of Association 
Activities. Following will be 
the President's Report by C. H. 
Niederhof, West Virginia Pulp 
and Paper Company. Other pre- 
sentations will include ''What 
Is Public Relations'' by Karl 
Denditson; '"The Attitude of 
Pulp and Paper Industry Toward 
Its Conservation Program' ' by 
W. J. Bailey of the West Vir- 
ginia Pulp and Paper Company; 
' 'Is the Association Reaching 
the Right People" by I. F. 
Eldredge, Consultant Forester, 
New Orleans; ''The Correlation 
of S. P. C A. and Public For- 
estry Programs'' by C. H. Coul- 
ter, and ' 'The Forestry Program 
of the Southern Newspaper Pub- 
lishers Association' ' by Glen 
(Continued on Page 10) 




G. Philip Morgan 



G. Philip Morgan, 62, chair- 
man of the Board of Commissioners, 
Georgia Forestry Commission, and 
often referred to as ' the fa- 
ther of Georgia's forestry pro- 
gram' ' died December 19 at his 
home in Savannah. Sam H. Morgan, 
of Savannah, brother of the for- 
mer board chairman, has been 
appointed by Governor Talmadge 
as his successor on the Board 
of Commissioners. 



Among those expressing sorrow 
at Mr. Morgan's death were Gov- 
ernor Herman E. Talmadge and 
State Forester Guyton DeLoach. 

''He was,'' said the Governor, 
''an especially warm, personal 
friend of mine and an able, con- 
cientious and far-sighted public 
servant. The state has lost a 
distinguished public servant, 
and I have lost a warm, personal 
friend. 



''Mr. Morgan,'' the state for- 
ester declared, ''can truly be 
called the father of Georgia's 
modern-day forestry program. 
His unwavering vision in the 
potentialities of the future and 
his unyielding determination to 
bring about a realization of 
those potentialities is directly 
responsible for Georgia's status 
in the forestry world of today. " 



Mr. Morgan also was vice chair- 
man of the Coastal Highway Com- 
mission and an admiral on Gov- 
ernor Talmadge' s staff. He was 
chairman of the board of Mor- 
gan's Inc., a Savannah farm and 
machinery equipment firm. 



Burial was in the family plot 
at Guyton. 




1. Row after row of millions of seedlings lies 
ready for lifting in the fields of Davisboro 



Nursery. Months of meticulous care have gone 
into the production of these healthy plants. 



"Pine Tree Factory" 



100,000 New Forest Acres For Georgia 



Nearly 35 million of an es- 
timated 100 million seedlings 
have already been shipped to 
Georgia landowners this season. 
The nurseries are operating 
'full swing'' to fill orders 
as rapidly as possible, with 
daily shipments exceeding two 
million. 



The four nurseries are pro- 
ducing almost equal shares of 
the largest seedling crop ever 
grown in. Georgia. Davisboro 
Nursery leads with an expected 
production of 30 million seed- 
lings. Horseshoe Bend is second 
with an anticipated output of 
25 million, and production is 
expected to reach 24 million at 
Herty, and 21 million at High- 
tower. 



Months of meticulous care go 
into the growing crop of seed- 
1 ings and many long hours of 
rigorous labor are required to 
lift, inspect, grade, pack, la- 
bel, and deliver the seedlings. 

After the blade of the tractor- 



powered lifter has broken ground 
under the small trees, the seed- 
lings are lifted from the earth 
by hand and transported to the 
nursery sheds, where an assem- 
bly line of workers inspect, 
grade, count and bundle the 
seedlings for shipment. As the 
seedlings reach the shed, they 
are placed on a grading belt, 
moved down the line of workers 
and inspected for broken, dam- 
aged, or poor grade trees. On- 
ly vigorous, disease- free seed- 
lings are left to be counted and 
tied into bundles. 



Bundles are collected to fill 
each order, and the assembly 
1 ine of workers pack damp moss 
around the roots of the plants 
and wrap the orders in burlap. 
All bundles are periodically 
dampened to prevent the roots 
from drying out before delivery. 



Lifting operations began in 
November at the four nurseries 
and will continue through March. 
By that time 100,000 acres of 
formerly idle Georgia will blos- 
som with new stands of seedlings. 



5,6. Assembly line methods are used 
lings. As the seedlings on the gradii 
each plant is carefully examined for i 





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[lie tractor- powered seedling lifter, driven by Davisboro 
ery Superintendent Mack Neal, breaks ground under the 
Lings, leaving them ready for quick hand gathering. 



irews gather seedlings for rapid transfer to the grading 



liter the seedlings have been gathered, they are immedi- 
t delivered to the grading shed on the tractor trailer. 

Mien the seedlings reach the end of the grading tables, 
ers pack damp moss around roots, wrap orders in burlap, 
them together, and label them for shipment. 



pecting and counting the seed- 
move down the line of workers, 
or poor grade trees. 





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WOODSMEN OF THE WORLD ANNUAL AWARD IS PRESENTED to Guy ton DeLoach, 
Georgia Forestry Commission Director, for outstanding service in 
the building of state forestry. Lt. Governor Marvin Griffin makes 
the presentation while Dr. H. B. Kennedy, WOW leader of Omaha, Neb., 
left, and Col. H. C. Fabian, WOW State Manager, right, look on. 

250 Attend Elbert Demonstration 

More than 250 persons recently 
attended a forest conservation 
demonstration in Elbert County 
sponsored by the Keep Georgia 
Green Committee of the Elberton 
Rotary Club. 

Duplicate demonstration ses- 
sions, one in the morning lor FFA 
boys and another in the afternoon 
for adults, were held. The J. J. 
McLanahan farm was the demonstra- 
tion site. 



Included in the program were de- 
monstrations of cutting and sale 
of pulpwood, thinning, planting, 
hardwood control, fire control, 
and forest conservation payments. 

One of the outstanding portions 
of the program was a fire control 
demonstration with Georgia Fores- 



try Commission personnel acting 
out, step by step, the part that 
county forestry units play in con- 
trolling forest fires. 

After forest fire towermen, by 
use of two-way radio, reported the 
simulated fire to District Fores- 
ter James C. Turner, of Washington, 
he established the location of the 
fire on his dispatcher' s map. Mr. 
Turner radioed Hank Slerrtz , Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission pi lot , and 
instructed him to fly to that area 
to determine the nature of the 
fire. When the pilot reported that 
the fire was uncontrolled, Mr. 
Turner alerted County Ranger fi] - 
bert Mooney of Elberton. Ranger 
Mooney and his forestry unit crew 
sped to the scene of the ' ' fire' ' 

(Continued on Page 10) 




DEMONSTRATION SCENES- -J. C. Turner, 
Tenth District Forester, left photo, 
stands atop an Elbert County Forestry 
Unit truck as he explains the use of 
airplanes in fighting forest fires. 
Below, Rep., Paul S. Brown, of Geor- 
gia' s Tenth District, right, looks on 
as pulpwood is measured at the Elbert 
County Demonstration. 



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. 




Keep Qeotofia 
Qteen Week 

'You Can Help Prevent Forest 
Fires in Your Community' ' will 
be the 1954 theme of Keep Geor- 
gia Green week, proclaimed by 
Governor Herman E. Talmadge as 
February 15-21. 

Officials of state and pri- 
vate forestry organizations re- 
ported this month demand has al- 
ready begun from civic clubs 
and schools for materials for 
special Keep Green week programs 
to mark the seven-day forestry 
observance. 

Guyton DeLoach, director, Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission, said 
rangers, in each of the 132 coun- 
ties under protection of the 
Georgia Forestry Commission will 
cooperate in organizing or pre- 
senting materials for Keep Geor- 
gia Grean programs. 

(Continued on page 10) 

Arbor Day Set 
For February 19 

Georgians who next month will 
celebrate the sixty-third anni- 
versary of Arbor Day in thestate 
will observe the day with a var- 
iety of special programs high- 
lighting the everyday wonders 
which are performed by trees. 

Arbor Day, to be observed 
February 19 this year, will be 
marked in most Georgia's schools 
by tree plantings and tree 
planting ceremonies. 

The Georgia ForestryCommission 
this month was working up special 
Arbor Day aids for schools to 
be distributed by the organiza- 
tion's County Rangers and dis- 
trict office personnel to all 
school teachers, principals, 

and superintendents requesting 
Arbor Day program material. Ran- 
gers also will offer their ser- 
vices to the schools in present- 
ing tree planting demonstrations 
and showing pupils other demon- 
strations highlighting good for- 
est management. 



■ 



^Ite (lotutJLvp. 

Rangers In 
The News 



Crisp County Ranger Bill Tvedt 
reports that manual training stu- 
dents and 4-H clubs are cooper- 
ating with his forestry unit in 
setting up 12 fire tool sheds in 
his county's woodlands this win- 
ter. 



Crisp schools have offered to 
build the sheds, which will be 
set up throughout the county. 

The small sheds will each con- 
tain a fire rake, a fire flap, 
and a back pump. They are for 
the use of any persons who spot 
small fires in the woods, so the 
fires can be put out without de- 
lay, Mr. Tvedt said. 



Cordele businessmen are do- 
nating materials to build the 
sheds, and the Georgia Forestry 
Commission is supplying thetools. 



■ .t 





EDITOR AND THE RANGER- -"Growing trees is big business in Morgan 
County," Editor Norman Walker, of the Madisonian, right, tells 
Morgan County Ranger Sam Martin as the two inspect a planted pine 
plantation near Madison. The editor recently issued a special Keep 
Morgan County Green edition. The publication carried news articles, 
photographs, and advertisements highlighting the value of forestry 
and forest products to the area. 



IN EMANUAL COUNTY' S FIRST 
KEEP GREEN PARADE, Sam Lyle and 
his son Everett portray the sad 
landowners who "lost their 
shirts" by burning their pines. 




Three new fire lookout towers 
have been erected in Dooly Coun- 
ty according to Ranger Walter 
Spires. Ranger Spires' forestry 
unit, aided by workers from 
other state departments, worked 
day and night to get the towers 
up and to bring state forest 
fire protection to Dooly County 
for the first time. The towers 
are 80 to 100 feet in height. 

The Dooly towers also will aid 
Crisp County. Workers in the two 
counties will cooperate in spot- 
ting fines. 



Plans for reforesting 4,500 
acres of idle and cutover De- 
catur County land have been an- 
nounced by County Ranger Robert 
Clyatt, who is working with agri- 
cultural leaders in that area 
in setting np the planting pro- 
gram. The Citizens Bank and 
Trust Company, the First State 
National Bank, and the Union 
Bag and Paper Corporation are 
among those cooperating in the 
program. 



Four-H clubs have informed 
the agricultural workers they 
are planting more than 30,000 
slash pine seedlings this sea- 
son. The over-all county re- 
forestation plan calls for the 
planting of 3,000,000 seed- 
lings. 




i $j,tfpt 






GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Union Bag Woodyard Opening 





Nearly 1,000 persons recently 
attended the formal dedication 
of Union Bag and Paper Corpor- 
ation's pulpwood yard near Dou- 
glas in Coffee County. 

Speeches, a South Georgia 
chicken barbecue, displays of 
equipment, and forestry demon- 
strations highlighted the day. 
Speakers pointed out that the 
woodyard was the only one in 
in the world in which pulpwood 
is paid for on the basis of net 
weight. 

A Fairbanks -Morse scale re- 
cords the loaded weight of trucks 
and reweighs the trucks after 
they have been unloaded. A 
printed weight ticket is stamped 
by the scale with the correct 
weight both for the loaded and 
the unloaded truck, and payment 
is made on a weight unit basis. 

Visitors to the woodyard also 
saw two modern pulpwood loaders 
unloading trucks and loading 
rail cars in a minimum of time. 
Trucks were unloaded onto rail 
cars in less than five minutes 
time. 

(Continued on Page 10) 



WOODYARD OPENING- -The world* s 
only woodyard in which pulpwood 
is paid for hv weight rather than 

by volume recently was opened by 
Union Bag and Paper Corporation 
near the Salem Crossroads five 
miles west of Douglas. A truck- 
load of pulpwood, top photo, is 
weighed. The truck will unload 
and be weighed again. A string of 
flatcars, center photo, left, is 
ready to leave the woodyard. 
Nearly 1,000 persons gathered at 
the woodyard recently for the 
opening dedication ceremonies, 
where a South Georgia chicken bar- 
becue, center photo, right, was 
one of the features. Guy ton 
DeLoach, Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission Director, was speaker. 
Mechanical loaders, bottom photo, 
can unload a truck onto a flatcar 
in five minutes. The woodyard is 
rated at approximately 1,000 cords 
a week, the majority of the volume 
being marked timber. 



SAF To Meet 
In Thomasville 

E. L. Demmon, o f Ashe vi lie, N.C. , 
national president of the Society 
of American Foresters, will ad- 
dress the annual meeting of the 
SAF' s Southeastern Section Jan. 
29-30 in Thomasville. 

Mr. Demmon, who also serves as 
director of the Southeastern For- 
est Experiment Station in Ashe- 
ville, will speak on "How The 
Society Can Be Of More Value To 
Its Members. " 

Meeting headquarters, accord- 
ing to A. E. Patterson, Section 
Chairman, will be at the Scott 
Hotel. Current plans call for 
a technical forestry program on 
Friday afternoon and Saturday 
morning. 

Ladies are being invited and 
a special program for them has 
been planned. 




PLANS FOR *CUSTOM GROWN' PINES- -Guy ton DeLoach, Director, Georgia 
Forestry Commission, signs agreement with G. W.E. Nicholson, Vice 
President, Union Bag and Paper Corporation, under which the Com- 
mission will 'custom grow" 6,500,000 pine seedlings for Union Bag. 
The firm will provide pine seed gathered in specific areas and the 
Commission will raise the seedlings in its nurseries. Seed will be 
gathered only from dominant trees in a given area. 



i*l€& tyo/WtoA*- ^b^no^ut^aiio^t-- 



(Continued from Page 2) 

ing to the small landowner a 
realization of the need for 
growing his trees on a sustained 
yield basis. From this type of 
growing come the dollars and 
cents profits from forestry, and 
Georgia's Tree Farm program is 
doing an outstanding job in 
bringing to the entire public 
a picture of those dollars and 
cents profits and how they might 
be at tained. ' ' 



SPCA-- 

(Continued from Page 4) 

Jones of the Troy, (Ala. ) Mes- 
senger. Four members will par- 
ticipate in a panel discussion 
of ''Industry's Seedlings for 
Landowners. 

A special group ofdiscussions 
centering around youth activi- 
ties will be presented under 
the general theme of ''Provi- 
sions for Future Wood Crops. ' ' 



(Continued from Page 7) 

and successfully Suppressed it 
as the demonstration audience 
looked on. 

Ninth District Rep. Paul 
Brown spoke between morning and 
afternoon demonstration sessions 
at a forestry luncheon sponsored 
by H.M. Verdery, Macon Kraft 
Corp. , and Rome Kraft Corp. on 
the topic, "A Look at the Wash- 
ington Agricultural Scene. " 

Others participating in the pro- 
gram were William Johnson, Elber- 
ton Rotary Club; Hamilton Verdery, 
Macon Kraft Corp.; W. R. Johnson, 
Macon Kraft Corp. ; Howard J. Doyle, 
Southern Pulpwood Conservation 
Association; Frank Young, Voca- 
tional Teacher, Elberton; Jimmy 
Griffeth, Vocational Teacher, 
Bowman; William Q. Stribling, 
P M A, Elber ton; Hoke Dickerson, 
Veteran Teacher, Elberton; T. K. 
Wilson, F. H. A. Washington, Ga. ; 
R. H. Smalley, Vocational Teacher, 
Fortsonia, and P. W. Cobb, Soil 
Conservation supervisor, Elberton. 



Keep Green-- 

( Continued from Page 7) 
In many communities, newspa- 
pers will print special forestry 
editions, and Keep Green pro- 
grams are also being planned by 
radio stations. Forestry par- 
ades, dedication ceremonies for 
new forest fire lookout towers 
and for Tree Farms, and forestry 
motion pictures are being planned. 

Union Bag--- 

(Continued from Page 9) 

Howard Doyle, Conservation For- 
ester, Southern Pulpwood Conser- 
vation Association, was master 
of ceremonies and paid tribute to 
the work of Union Bag and Paper 
Corporation and other pulpwood 
firms in Georgia for their work 
in forest conservation. 

Guyton DeLoach, Director, 
Georgia Forestry Commission, 
also lauded the work of the 
state's forest industries and 
pointed out that it was in the 
South Georgia area that the 
state's current forest fire sup- 
pression and protection program 
received its first impetus. 




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FEBRUARY 1954 





GEORGIA 



TE TREE 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Editorial 

Timber Grows And Pays Well 



(From the Thomasville 
One of the most productive fa- 
cilities that we have is the pro- 
cessing of the timber that grow 
readily in this piney woods sec- 
tion. It is not as it used to 
be, not by any means. Great 
tracts of fine virgin pine tim- 
ber were denuded of all trees, 
big and little and some turned 
to farm activity while the other 
was left to reseed itself and 
grow a recurring crop of timber, 
which has become more scarce 
with the reckless destruction 
and very little care that will 
facilitate and hasten regrowth. 

It has always been hard for 
some land owners to realize that 
the possibilities of a return 
from timber on the land in this 
section is second to none when 
costs are considered and the 
natural processes which nature 
finds it possible to invoke with 
very little aid from mankind. 

Forestry is being protected 
here in many ways, primary ef- 
fort being devoted to planting 
young trees, which some far see- 



Times Enterprise) 
ing men with large acreages have 
taken up and continued with con- 
fidence that it is a fine invest- 
ment. Eroded and worn out land 
can be very easily prepared to 
grow trees and once they are 
planted they will more than stim- 
ulate the process into a pro- 
duction of quantitative returns 
that will aid in the more in- 
tensive farm work and the over- 
all profit from farm operations. 

The process is simple after 
the start is made. One is pre- 
venting fires in timber or woods 
as it is the great destroyer 
and can do illimitable damage 
to the trees and ail other oper- 
ations if allowed to burn un- 
checked. We have large and in - 
telligent operators, who are 

stimulating and encouraging the 
smaller land holders to take ad- 
vantage of this development 
possiblity. It should not be 
stagnated or abandoned but in- 
creased and made more effective 
for the best possible return o- 
yer a period of years. 



Vol. 7 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

February, 1954 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 



No. 2 



Members, Board of Commissioners: 

Sam H. Morgan _ Savannah 

John M. McElrath Macon K. S. Varn Waycross 

C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo H. 0. Cummings Donalsonville 



Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS ... ... Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

* * * * 

DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 



DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

Statesboro 
DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

Camilla 
DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

Americus 
DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 

Newnan 
DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 

McRae 



DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 

Milledgeville 
DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Rome 
DISTRICT VIII— P. O. Box 811, 

Waycross 
DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

Gainesville 
DISTRICT X— P. O. Box 302, 

Washington 



Mote Qvl&U Jdcutd 
Mea+tl /I Male 
Pbod.pe'iQud Jocund 

(From the Daily Tifton Gazette) 

As each year passes, trees are 
becoming more of the keys that 
open the door of prosperity in 
Tift County and in Georgia. 

The products of our woodland 
acres are enriching more people 
and, in addition, the new for- 
ests are storing up assets for 
future years to come which will 
benefit future generations. 

Other sections of America look 
to oils and minerals for natural 
wealth, but these resources can 
become exhausted in a compara- 
tively short span of time. They 
are non- renewable. 

Georgia's trees, however, are 
renewable annually like an in- 
surance policy. The wealth 
potential of our forest lands is 
almost limitless. 

There are many acres right 
here in Tift County that can be 
put to growing trees and will 
yield a perpetual harvest, if 
proper forest management is used. 
More fire lanes cut, more thin- 
ning, more selective cutting, 
and more trees planted each year 
would not only improve the stand 
of timber, but would also pro- 
vide more protection against 
soil erosion, produce more tim- 
ber for construction, and fur- 
nish more raw materials for in- 
dustry. 



OuSi Go<uesi 



Georgia' s state tree - the 
picturesque Live Oak - rims the 
coast and adds a refreshing 
touch of beauty and antiquity 
to the forest scene. These 
venerable evergreen hardwoods, 
adorned with garlands of Span- 
ish moss, stand as landmarks in 
the lower Coastal Plain. 



FEBRUARY, 1 954 



On Protected Land 

Georgia Forest Fire 
More Than 85,341 



Forest fire loss on protected 
lands of Georgia was reduced by 
more than 85,341 acres during 
1953, Guyton DeLoach, Director, 
Georgia Forestry Commission, 
reported this month. 

The 1953 burned fores tland 
totaled 110,420 acres, and the 
1952 total was 195,761 acres. 

The number of forest fires 
occurring annually on lands pro- 
tected by the Georgia Forestry 
Commission was reduced from 9, 
187 in 1952 to 8,120 in 1953- a 
decrease of 1,067. The figures 
showed a 43 per cent decrease in 
forest fires. 

' 'This record,' 'the Commission 
Director pointed put, ''was 
achieved despite the fact that 1, 
397,794 more acres were under 
protection in 1953 than during 
the previous year and more 
acreage therefore figured in re- 
porting of burns.'' 

Mr. DeLoach added that 1953 



also was the year of another 
big forest fire blow-up in North 
Georgia and parts of West Geor- 
gia in which 13, 500 protected 
acres were burned in a single 
month. 

Director DeLoach reported that 
those who deliberately set the 
woods afire, either through ma- 
lice or through the mistaken 
belief that greater profits 
could be realized by ''burning 
off their woods, still are 
causing most of Georgia's for- 
est fires. He said 2,960 fires 
in the state were directly at- 
tributed to this cause last 
year, a decrease of only eight 
fires in that category over 1 952 . 
This incendiarism was the great- 
est single cause of forest fires 
both in 1952 and 1953. 

Trash and debris burning once 
again ranked as the No. 2 cause 
of forest fires in Georgia. The 
number of fires from this cause 
last year totaled 2,249; while 
the number from the same cause 



200,000. 



150,000 



1952 



ACRES BURNED 



100, 000_ 



50, 000 




10, 000. 



6,000 



6,000 



4,000. 



2,000. 



Reduced 
In 1953 



in 1952 was 2,248. 

The Commission Director said 
a special effort will be made 
during coming months to bring 
to all Georgians a full realiz- 
ation of the dangers of trash 
and debris burning. 



Marked reduction was noted, 
according to the Commission 
head, in the number of fires 
caused by railroading and har- 
vesting of wood. He paid tri- 
bute to the leaders and workers 
connected with these two in- 
dustries for ''their fine work 
in contributing to a good forest 
fire record.'' Harvesting of 
wood in 1952 caused 480 forest 
fires in Georgia. The number 
of fires last year was 381. Rail- 
roading caused 278 fires in 
1952; 183 in 1953. Other causes 
of forest fires in Georgia and 
their 1952 and 1953 totals were 
as follows: 

(Continued on Page 10) 



NO. FIRES 



1952 



1953 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



SPCA Meet Held Jan. 19-20 



Foresters, landowners, and in- 
dustry representatives were pre- 
sent to listen to and partici- 
pate in discussions on current 
pulpwood problems at the annual 
meeting of the Southern Pulp- 
wood Conservation Association 
held at the Atlanta Biltmore 
Hotel January 19-20. 

On Tuesday, Harry Rossoll, 
U. S. Forest Service, discussed 
"The Preparation and Display 
of Exhibits" and Ralph Wall, 
Information and Education Chief 
of the Louisana Forestry Com- 
mission, explained ' 'The Assem- 
bling and Distribution of Ex- 
hibit Ideas.'' Other presenta- 
tions of the day included ''How 
Newspapers Are Used to Inform'' 
by Walter Amman of the Knoxville 
Journal, and ''Taking Outdoor 
Pictures'* by J. C. Fitzpatrick 
of Frye' s Photo Shop, Atlanta. 
' 'The S. P. C. A. Sampling Pro- 
cedure for Determining Forestry 
Practices on Private Lands'' 
was the subject of a panel dis- 
cussion, with H. M. Roller, In- 
ternational Paper Company, as 
moderator. 

On Wednesday, S. P. C. A. Gen- 
eral Manager H. J. Malsberger 
addressed the group and presented 
the Annual Report of Association 
Activities. C. H. Niederhof , 
West Virginia Pulp and Paper 
Company, gave the president's 
report. Other presentations 

were "What is Public Relations" 
by Karl Denditson (given by 
Glenn Clardv); "The Atti- 
tude of the Pulp and Paper In- 
dustry Toward Its Conservation 
Program by W. J. Bailey of the 
West Virginia Pulp and PaperCom- 
pany; 'Its the Association 
Reaching the Right People" by 
I. F. Eldredge, Consultant For- 
ester, New Orleans; "The Cor- 
relation of S. P. C. A. and Pub- 
lic Forestry Programs' ' by C. H. 
Coulter (given by Howard Doyle); 
and "The Forestry Program 
of the Southern Newspaper 
Publishers Association" by Glen 
Jones, of the Troy, (Ala.) Mes- 
senger. Five S. P. C. A. mem- 
bers participating in a panel 
discussion on "Industry's Seed- 
lings for Landowners' ' were N. 
W. Sentell, Southern Advance 
Bag and Paper Co. , whose sub- 



ject was "Industry Nursery; 
L. D. Hall, whose subject was 
'International Paper Company's 
Seedling Program''; A. D. Fal- 
weiler, Director of the Texas 
Forest Service, whose subject 
was ' 'The Marion Cass County 
Seedling Program' ' ; Manton Frier- 
son, who discussed the West Vir- 
ginia Pulp and Paper Company's 
Seedling Program; and K. S. 
Trowbridge, who spoke on the 
North Carolina Pulp Company's 
Seedling Program. H.M. Verdary, 
pulpwood dealer for Macon Kraft 
Corp. , described operations of a 
southern pulpwood dealer. 

A special group of discussions 
centering around youth activi- 
ties was presented under the 
general theme of ' 'Provisions 
for Future Wood Crops." "The 
F F A School Forest Project" 
was covered by B. E. Allen of 
Union Bag and Paper Co., "The 
Negro Forestry Training Camp in 
Arkansas by Al Herrington of 
International Paper Company, and 
"The S. P. C. A. Forestry 
Training Camp' ' by Guy ton De- 
Loach , Director of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission. 

A business meeting Wednesday 
afternoon and the annual ban- 
quet Wednesday night closed the 
1954 meeting. 




C. H. Niederhof, top photo, West 
Virginia Pulp and Paper Co. , de- 
livers the SPCA president's re- 
port. H.M. Verdery, center pho- 
to, addresses the group. Shown 
in bottom photo, left to right 
are H.J. Malsberger, SPCA man- 
ager; tt. V. Miles, Jr., Gulf 
States Paper Corp., SPCA pres- 
ident; and K.S. Trowbridge, 
North Carolina Pulp Co. , SPCA 
vice-president. 




I- t B K U A K 



i y ? t 



State $aUU 

9 nte/ti,tcUe 
Camfiad 

Georgia has become a member of 
the Southeastern Forest Fire 
Protection Compact through ac- 
tion of the recent General Assem- 
bly and approval of Governor 
Talmadge. The speedy concurrence 
of the November meeting of the 
Legislature, in which both hou- 
ses voted unanimously to approve 
Georgia entering the compact, re- 
sulted in this state being one 
of the first to officially join 
the movement. 



The Georgia committee, already 
sworn into office by Governor 
Talmadge, consists of Sen. Warren 
Moorman, Lanier County; Rep. 
Jack Murr, Sumter County; Adju- 
tant Gen. Earnest Vandiver and 
Guyton DeLoach, Director, Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission. 

The compact was recently de- 
veloped and approved at a meeting 
in Nashville, Tenn. Georgia was 
represented at the meeting by 
State Forester Guyton DeLoach. 
Other states participating in the 
meeting were Alabama, Florida, 
Kentucky, Mississippi, North 
Carolina, South Carolina and 
Tennessee. 

The purpose of the compact is 
to provide for mutual aid by mem- 
ber states in the control of 
forest fires. The compact will 
promote more effective preven- 
tion, and control of forest fires 
in the southeastern states by 
encouraging the development of 
integrated forest fire control 
plans and the cooperation of the 
forest fire fighting forces of 
the member states. 

A similar compact has been 
functioning in the New England 
states and New York for the past 
four years. Fire protection com- 
pacts are also being developed 
in the South Central States and 
in the Middle Atlantic States. 



Georgia Arbor Day Marked 
By Tree Planting Programs 



Tree plantings and conserva- 
tion ceremonies marked Georgia's 
1954 Arbor Day celebrations held 
February 19. Schools, civic 

clubs and youth groups celebrated 
the sixth-third anniversary of 
Arbor Day with a variety of spec- 
ial programs. 

The Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission' s County Rangers assisted 
Georgia schools in presenting 
tree planting demonstrations and 
demonstrating aspects of good 
forest management. The Com- 
mission also provided special 
Arbor Day aids for schools that 
were distributed by the organ- 
ization's County Rangers and 
district office personnel to all 
school teachers, principals and 
superintendents requesting Arbor 
Day program material. 

Civic clubs and agricultural 
organizations also took part in 
the observance of Arbor Day by 



presenting programs and inviting 
outstanding forestry leaders in 
the communities to lecture or to 
show motion pictures with a for- 
estry theme. 



Commission officials pointed 
out that Commission nurseries 
are this year producing and dis- 
tributing a record number of 
100,000,000 forest tree seed- 
lings, a fact that emphasizes" 
the significance of this year's 
Arbor Day observance. 



Georgia first began an Arbor 
day observance on a statewide 
basis in 1891. Until several 
years ago, the day was observed 
on the first Tuesday in December, 
but a legislative act changed 
the annual date to the third 
Friday in February. 



NEW TENTH DISTRICT HEADQUARTERS- -Newest of the Georgia Forestry 
Commission' s district headquarters buildings is this one at Wash- 
ington on Highway 17, North. Serving as the nerve center for the 
Commission's Tenth District activities under the direction of Dis- 
trict Forester J. C. Turner, the structure includes complete office 
facilities, and garaging repair and storage space. One feature of 
the modern construction is overhead radiant heating. 



-? ! 'Ilflf 




m 



v 








School Held 
For Pilots 

How airplanes can be better 
used to detect and help suppress 
forest fires was the theme of 
an all-day pilot school held 
recently near McRae and attended 
by 17 airplane pilots under con- 
tract to flv aerial patrol for 
the Georgia Forestry Commission. 

Held at the Commission's fifth 
district headquarters in Wheeler 
County, the session was opened 
by Guyton DeLoach, Commission 
Director. 

'The Commission realizes,'' 
Mr. DeLoach declared, 'that 
all you men are experienced pi- 
lots; and this is in no sense 
a school to teach you how to 
"fly. It is a means whereby we 
of the Commission can exchange 
ideas with you on how to in- 
crease the effectiveness of air 
patrol and get the maximum bene- 
fit from this service. 

''The Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission, with the exception of 
one Commission owned and oper- 
ated patrol plane, handles the 
remainder of its air patrol 
over the state on a contract 
basis, renting aerial patrol 
planes and services of pilots 
on an hourly basis. 

''The Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission,'' the director con- 
tinued, ''has conducted detailed 
studies of the use of aerial 
patrol, both on a dollars and 
cents and an acreage burned ba- 
( Continued on Page 10) 




PILOT SCHOOL SCENES- -Instruc- 
tion in radio communications, top 
photo, is given B. E. Lyons, right, 
by the Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion' s chief of radio communica- 
tions, Henry Cannon. Contract 
planes and the plane operated 
by the Commission, center photo, 
are assembled on the air strip 
at the Commission's Fifth Dis- 
trict Office near McRae. In the 
bottom photo, pilots are shown 
with Commission Director Guyton 
DeLoach. 



fCe&p, Qteen 

"You Can Help Prevent Forest 
Fires in Your Community" was the 
watchword in many Georgia com- 
munities during the week of Feb- 
ruary 15-21 as the state cele- 
brated the annual Keep Georgia 
Green Week. 



School and civic clubs pre- 
sented special Keep Green Week 
programs to mark the seven- day 
observance. Rangers in many of 
the 132 counties under protection 
of the Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion cooperated in organizing 
and presenting materials for Keep 
Green programs. 

Many ranger stations throughout 
the state held "Open House" on 
one day during the week or during 
the entire week. County Forestry 
Unit personnel demonstrated to 
visitors how equipment is oper- 
ated in towers, vehicles and dis- 
patcher points to report forest 
fires. 

Guyton DeLoach, Director, 
Georgia Forestry Commission, 
said, "Keep Green Week served as 
more than an opportunity to show 
the public how their County For- 
estry Units operate. We also 
during that week brought the mes- 
sage of good forest management 
and forest fire prevention to 
the citizens of Georgia. '' 

In many towns, newspapers 
printed special forestry editions, 
and radio stations presented 
Keep Green programs. Forestry 
parades, dedication ceremonies 
for new forest fire lookout tow- 
ers and for Tree Farms, and for- 
estry motion picture showings 
were all part of the week's fes- 
tivities. 

"Stress this year, " Director 
DeLoach reported, "was on show- 
ing Georgians that the success 
of a Keep Green program depends 
on the cooperation of the indi- 
vidual citizen. " 




MERIWETHER COUNTY DEMONSTRA- 
TION--Fourth District Forester 
Curtis Barnes, top, holds the 
seedling bucket, while Assist- 
ant District Forester Wayne 
Manning wields the shovel in a 
demonstration showing how to 
heel-in seedlings. The demon- 
stration was held recently near 
Alvaton on the property of Dr. 
Harmon Caldwell. Assistant State 
Extension Forester Nelson Bright- 
well, center, conducts a hard- 
wood poisoning demonstration. 
Barnes, below, shows how fire 
prevention speeds tree growth. 
Other participants were C. Dorsey 
Dyer, State Extension Forester; 
Howard Doyle, SPCA Area Forester, 
of Macon; Ken Korstain, of Rome 
Kraft Corporation, County Agent 
Ralph Buchanan and SCS Technician 
P. A. Gantt of Greenville. 





II 






/ 



i 



H" 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



ll 



One Careless Match.... Yours?" 



CFFP Campaign Continues 
Plea For Cooperation 



The 1954 Cooperative Forest 
Fire Prevention Campaign spon- 
sored by State Foresters in 
cooperation with the U. S. For- 
est Service is continuing 
the plea for public cooperation 
in stopping forest fires. 

Smokey Bear, on posters, mats, 
stamps, car cards, blotters, 
bookmarkers, in displays and on 
radio and television recordings 
will bring this year's forest 
fire prevention message to mil- 
lions here in Georgia and through- 
out America. 

The new 1954 Campaign Basic 
Poster shows Smokey holding 
two frightened bear cubs and 
saying, ' 'One Careless Match. . . 
Yours?'' In the background 

deer and other forest animals 
are shown watching their home 
go up in flames. 

' 'Repeat After Me: I Will Be 
Careful..'' is Smokey' s request 
on the Fire Prevention Rules 
Poster. Two of Smokey' s Cub 
friends dramatize the prevention 
rules. 

One careless match . . .Yours ? 




REPEAT AFTER ME: 

I wiH be careful... 

..WITH MATCHES ...WITH SMOKES 




X^z^5%^~0nly you can © 

PREVENT FOREST FIRES! 



The Basic Posterand the Rules 
Poster are printed in four co- 
lors, 13 X 18% inches in size, 
and are available in paper, 
cardboard, waterproof card- 
board, and one and two column 
newspaper mats. 

Smokey and his bear friends 
raise their right hands and 
take the conservation oath ask- 
ing again that you ' 'Repeat 
After Me: I Will Be Careful," 
on the ' 'Smokey Bear Pledge' ' 
Easel. Printed on heavy card- 
board in four colors, 12 X 14 
inches, the easel is self -stand- 
ing and is ideal for display in 
banks, store windows and other 
public places. 

Car and bus cards reemphasize 
the "Only One Match. . .Yours?" 
Basic Poster. The Cards are 
printed for nation-wide display 
in Transit Ad space and are a- 
vailable in limited quantities 
for special use. 

The colorful "Pledge Poster" 
stamps for stationery ask "Pro- 
(Continued on Page 10) 



(le^iea/ich Gauttcil 

Official operation of the 
state's newly-created Georgia 
Forest Research Council began 
last month with swearing into 
office by Governor Herman E. 
Talmadge of a seven man board 
of commissioners to direct and 
supervise the council. 

Georgia's General Assembly 
created the board at its last 
session, and Governor Talmadge 
approved passage of the bill 
shortly afterward. 

One of the board' s chief pur- 
poses, according to Guy ton 
DeLoach, Director, Georgia For- 
estry Commission, will be to co- 
ordinate all forestry research 
in the state and to try to elim- 
inate duplication in research by 
state, federal, and private 
agencies. 

The law authorizing the board 
provides that none of its mem- 
bers will be paid for their ser- 
vices or be reimbursed for tra- 
vel expenses. The act provides 
that the board will meet at 
least twice annually. 

The Council may accept appro- 
priatations, grants or gifts 
from other agencies, organiza- 
tions or individuals. 

The board also will determine 
what research is being carried 
on and make the information a- 
vailable to those engaged in 
forestry research. 

"One of our primary tasks,'' 
the Director added, ''will be 
determining what research pro- 
jects are most needed to ful- 
fill the needs of forestry pro- 
grams under way by public and 
private agencies. When the 

board begins operations, we 
plan to make available counsel- 
ing and advice to any agency, 
either public or private, having 
duties and objectives similar 
to those of the council.'' 



Rangers 9n 
The News 



Lincoln County Ranger W. Hor- 
ace Dawkins reports that two new 
fire towers have been construc- 
ted in Lincoln County and are 
ready for operation. 

The steel towers, each 100 
feet high, are strategically 
located to give maximum protec- 
tion to the county's forests. 
An office building at the site 
of one of the towers will be 
erected soon with building mat- 
erials donated by the citizens 
of the county. 

The addition of the Lincoln 
towers affords a vital link in 
the control of forest fires. 




TREE FARMER- CATTLEMAN NAMED FIRE WARDEN- -Among the many persons 
participating in the Georgia Forestry Commission' s fire warden 
program is W.H. Moon, right, Muscogee County forestland owner and 
dairy operator. Mr. Moon and his son, center, have helped Muscogee 
Ranger Floyd Cook, left, in suppressing many forest fires in the 
ranger' s area. 






The Emanuel County Keep Geor- 
gia Green Program has received 
the endorsement of Eddie Arnold, 
popular singing star. 

Mr. Arnold, as a public ser- 
vice, recorded a spot announce- 
ment to be used in connection 
with the Emanuel Keep Green 
Program. Mr. Arnold's recording 
ends with his saying ''Remember 
only you can prevent forest 
fires . . . Keep Emanuel County 
Green... And Shine with Pines.'' 

The Eddie Arnold recording of 
' 'Smokey the Bear' ' , adopted as 
the National Fire prevention 
theme song, was used extensively 
in the Emanuel County Keep Green 
program. 



Cobb County Ranger T. L. Holmes 
and his forestry unit recently 
received words of high praise 
from Cobb County Times in Mar- 
ietta. 

In a personal column called 
''Mark My Word,'' Ranger Holmes 
and his crew were referred to 
as ''unsung heroes who, despite 
the drought during the recent 
fire season, kept forest fires 
to a surprising minimum. 

The column stated that ''Holmes 
and his fellow rangers work a- 
round the clock often to keep 
precious acreage from being 
burned over, and many times, es- 
pecially during this time of the 
year, as soon as they get one 
fire under control they have to 
go to fighting another new 
one. We expect that Ranger 
Holmes sometimes feels that the 
work he and his fellow firemen 
are doing is to no avail. We 
assure him now that while it 
doesn't look like it, strides 
are being made in keeping down 
forest fires and that our Cobb 
County Forestry Unit is doing 
an efficient and wonderful job. 



Ranger Everett Hall, of Brooks 
County, estimates that more than 
3,000,000 seedlings will be plant- 
ed in his county by private land- 
owners this season. County 
Commissioners have purchased 
a new tree planter for public use 
in the county, bringing to six 
the total number of planters in 
the county. 




Another Ranger reporting a 
good planting season is Elza 
Clifton, of Jenkins, County, 
who reports his county has passed 
the million mark in seedlings 
planted and is still ''going 
strong.' The Ranger pointed 
out the seedlings planted on 
Tree Appreciation Day alone 
doubled last year's planting. 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Nurseries Complete Shipping; 
Begin Planting Of Next Crop 



The Georgia Fores try Com- 
mission's four nurseries will 
have completed shipping this 
year's crop of 100 million seed- 
lings to Georgia landowners by 
the end of February. More ef- 
ficient packing methods and the 
use of two-way FM radios in 
nursery delivery trucks enable 
the nurseries to finish their 
shipping season about a month 
early. 



Lifting operations began in 
November, 1953, and each of the 
nurseries has been shipping out 
seedlings at a rate of a half 
million a day. The four nur- 
series produced almost even 
shares of the largest seedling 
crop ever grown in Georgia- 
enough to reforest 100,000 
acres of land. Davisboro Nurs- 



ery led production with 30 
million seedlings. Horseshoe 

Bend was second with an output 
of 25 million, and production 
reached 24 million at Herty, 
and 21 million at Hightower . 

Months of meticulous care 
went into the growing crop of 
seedlings and many long hours 
of labor were required to lift, 
inspect, grade, pack, label, and 
deliver the seedlings. 

Nursery officials report that 
the planting of next year's 
seedling crop has already begun 
on a small scale at Herty and 
Davisboro Nurseries. Full scale 
planting will begin in early 
March. Next year's crop is ex- 
pected to equal , if not exceed, 
this year's crop of 100 mil - 
lion. 



RESEARCH COMMITTEE SWORN IN- -Governor Herman Talmadge swears ill 
the board of commissioners which will direct the Georgia Forest 
Research Council. The group includes, left to right, Rep. T. E. 
Kennedy Jr., of Ashburn; Guyton DeLoach, Director, Georgia Forestry 
Commission; Charles West, Atlanta; Governor Talmadge; J.J. Armstrong, 
Savannah; Wallace Adams, Glenwood; Mose Gordon, Commerce, and Rep. 
H.G. Garrard, of Wilkes County. 





an assistant 

Georgia For- 

and transfer 

district for- 



L.A. Hargreaves, Jr. 

Personnel Changes 
Announced 

Appointment of 
to the Director, 
estry Commission 
of two assistant 
esters to new districts were 
announced this month by Guyton 
DeLoach, Commission Director. 

Leon A. Hargreaves, former 
member of the teaching staff of 
the School of Forestry, Univer- 
sity of Georgia, has been named 
the Commission's personnel dir- 
ector. 

James Henson, who formerly 
served as assistant district 
forester in charge of fire con- 
trol in District 1, has been 
transferred to the same position 
in District 4. He replaced a 
vacancy created by the transfer 
of Zack L. Seymour, who has been 
transferred to District 9 as 
assistant District forester in 
charge of fire control. 

All three men are graduates of 
the University of Georgia School 
of Forestry. Hargreaves also 
obtained his master's degree in 
forestry at the University of 
Georgia and later earned a doc- 
tor's degree in forestry at the 
University of Michigan. 

The Commission director an- 
nounced that Hargreaves current 
duties will consist largely of 
placing the Georgia Forestry 
Commission under the State Merit 
System and instituting a retire- 
ment plan. 



(Continued from Page 2) 

Lightning, 1952, 262; 1953, 

84; campers, 1952, 130, 1953, 

77; smokers, 1952, 1,011, 1953, 

987, and miscellaneous, 1952, 
1,810, 1953, 1,219. 

The Director' also reported 
that more than half the forest 
fires fought by units of the 
Georgia Forestry Commission 
were confined to less than 10 
acres. Only 1,960 of the total 
8,120 fires were 10 acres in 
size or more. 

Mr. DeLoach said all figures 
were based on forestlands pro- 
tected by the Georgia Forestry 
Commission. He pointed out, 

however, that records continue 
to show that forest fire losses 
on unprotected lands are approx- 
imately six times as great as 
losses on protected lands. 




READY FOR 'TOE BIG ONE' --Cecil Osborne, warehouseman, Georgia 
Forestry Commission, checks over the Commission's cache of emergency 
forest fire supplies in the Macon warehouse. These supplies are 
kept under lock and key and are to be used only in the event of an 
areawide or statewide forest fire emergency, such as occurred in 
Georgia last November. With the declaration of an emergency, the 
supplies will be immediately rushed to an emergency assembly point 
in the fire area. 



School Held — 

(Continued from Page 6) 

sis, and we have come to the 
definite conclusion that this 
type of forest fire detection 
and suppression pays.'' 

L. L. Lundy, Assistant Fire 
Control Chief, Georgia Forestry 
Commission, and director of the 
one-day session on aerial pa- 
trol, led a discussion on better 
integration of aerial patrol in 
County Forestry Units operations. 

' 'Flying aerial patrol, ' ' said 
Mr. Lundy. ''consists of far 
more than simply spotting a 
smoke and notifying the county 
dispatcher A good patrol pi- 
lot distinguishes first between 
wildfires and control burns and 
reports only the wildfire. With 
experience, a good patrol pilot 
learns what type of equipment 
to call for on wildfire and how 
to guide ground suppression to 
crews to fire sites in a mini- 
mum of time. 

Henry Cannon, Commission Ra- 
dio Technician, and John L. Har- 
ter, Second District Radio Tech- 



nician, outlined use of the two- 
way FM radio in aerial patrol 
and cautioned pilots against 
monopolizing the air waves in 
their radio communications. 

Contract pilots attending and 
the areas under their juris- 
diction were as follows: H. A. 
Strutz and Thomas J. Warren, 
Second District; Quentin Freeman, 
Tattnall and Evans Counties; 
Calvin Franklin, Chatham County; 
Travis Shelton, Troup, Meri- 
wether and Heard Counties; Jack 
Williams, Rulloch and Screven 
Counties; S. W. White, Ware 
County. 

Ben Franklin and W. D. Acton, 
Jenkins County; Joe Woods, 

Gordon, Floyd, Chattooga, Bartow, 
and Haralson Counties; A. A. 
Vinson, Coffee and Atkinson 
Counties; J. R. Partee, Dodge, 
Laurens and Telfair Counties; 
T. A. McDonald, Clinch, Atkinson 
and Lanier Counties; B. E. Nob- 
les, Toombs, Montgomery, Trout- 
len, and Wheeler Counties; H. D. 
Curtis, Wilcox, Ben Hill, and 
Turner Counties; A. Paschall, 
Mcintosh, Liberty and Long Coun- 
ties, and H. Mallette, Emanuel 



and Candler Counties. Also 

attending was Henry Slentz, 
Georgia Forestry Commission 
pilot. 



1954 CFFP-- 

(Continued from Page 7) 



mise You Will Help.'' Stamps 
are prepared in sheets of 80, 
and the design is adapted also 
for two- color bookmarkers, and 
blotters, 614 X 2% inches each. 

The new Smokey Bear Commercial 
Educational Support Program is 
proving to be very successful in 
spreading the fire prevention 
message through merchants win- 
dow displays, news ads, and 
other media. More than 250,000 
Smokey Teddy Bears were sold be- 
fore Christmas and since Sep- 
tember 1, 1953, more than 50, 
000 requests for Junior Forest 
Ranger kits have been received 
by the CFFP office. All reve- 
nues received from royalties on 
these products are used to fur- 
ther forest fire prevention ed- 
ucation. 




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GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Editorial 



Forest Fires And 'he Farmer 



(From the Atlanta Journal) 



Georgia Forestry Officials in- 
dicate that many of the recent 
forest fires throughout the state 
were caused by malicious in- 
cendiaries and by farmers care- 
lessly burning off their fields. 
The incendiary, of course, is a 
criminal. But the farmer, with 
his land to be cleared, often 
is an unintentional firebug. 

In the first case, a man sets 
fire to his neighbor's property 
for spite, or just for the heck 
of it. He should be apprehended. 

In the second case - one that 
is much harder to deal with - a 
fellow sets fire to his own land 
to clear the underbrush, to 
' 'sweeten the ground,'' or to 
chase away snakes. 

This fellow has a perfect right 
to burn his fields or his woods. 
But in recent days, careless- 
ness has allowed these local 



fires to spread onto adjoining 
property, destroying valuable 
timber. 

In the weeks ahead, farmers 
in the state will prepare their 
fields for spring plowing. They 
will clear new land and burn 
underbrush. 

Foresters have advised farmers 
to refrain from setting fires 
until hard rains have soaked 
the ground and the burning can 
better be controlled. They have 
asked that necessary blazes be 
watched closely, and that fire 
breaks and fire fighters be rea- 
died in advance. 

More than 890 fires have rip- 
ped through some 17,475 acres 
of Georgia forests in the past 
week. Much of this waste could 
have been prevented by taking 
simple precautions and by re- 
specting a neighbor's property. 



Vol. 7 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

March, 1954 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 



No. 3 



Members, Board of Commissioners: 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah 

John M. McElrath Macon K. S. Varn Waycross 

C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo H. O. Cummings Donalsonville 



Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS ... Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

* * * * 

DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 



DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

Statesboro 
DISTRICT II— P. O. Box 26, 

Camilla 
DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

Americus 
DISTRICT IV— P. O. Box 333, 

Newnan 
DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 

McRae 



DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 

Milledgeville 
DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Rome 
DISTRICT VIII— P. O. Box 811, 

Waycross 
DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

Gainesville 
DISTRICT X— P. O. Box 302, 

Washington 



County Profits 
In Protection 
Of Forest Land 

(From the Atlanta Constitution) 

One doesn't always have to 
fight fire with fire. On the 
contrary, that method usually is 
the last resort. Much better 
is prevention and preparation 
that betters the chance to nip 
the blaze at the start. 

Henry County has found that 
protection pays. The county 
has a forestry unit. In 1953 
three lookout towers were avail- 
able for the unit' s use. As a 
result, losses from fire were 
cut to 253 acres as compared to 
the average of 2,500 or 3,000 
acres that burned annually in 
the days before organized pro- 
tection. 

Besides timber, many homes and 
other buildings were saved be- 
cause the firefighters got there 
in time to suppress the blazes 
in the woods and in the broom 
sedged fields. 

The Henry County story is ty- 
pical among those counties 
which have, through cooperation 
with the state, established or- 
ganized forest protection. 



OmA C&uesi 

When smoke from wildfire is 
spotted on the Georgia horizon 
by County Forestry llnit towermen 
or by aerial patrol planes, a 
chain of reaction is immediately 
begun which does not halt until 
the last ember and flicker of 
flame from the wildfire are ex- 
tinguished by a suppression crew. 
The tower operator or pilot make 
their report via two-way FM radio 
to the dispatcher. The dis- 
patcher, in turn, sends a sup- 
pression crew to the wildfire 
site, where an immediate attack 
is begun against the flames. 



March Winds 
Bring Forest 

Fire Danger 

Brisk winds, traditional 

' ' trademark' ' of the month of 
March, might send Georgia's 
annual forest fire loss soaring 
this month unless citizens take 
the ''greatest precautions'' 
with fire in or near the woods. 

That statement was made this 
month by the Georgia Forestry 
Commission in an appeal to Geor- 
gia citizens to maintain a special 
alertness during the extremely 
dangerous forest fire weather 
which March often brings. 

''The Commission's Rangers and 
all its fire fighting personel,'' 
the report declared, ''will do 
all in their power to detect 
forest fires and to suppress 
them as rapidly as possible. Un- 
less the public is on our side, 
however- -unless special care is 
taken to prevent forest fires, 
we will be fighting a losing 
battle. 

The Commission's number one 
current objective is to prevent 
a recurrence of the rash of 
February forest fires, during 
which many counties reported 
losing more acreage from wild - 



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RESULT OF MAN'S CARELESSNESS- - When Georgia farmers and landowners 
are careless with brush and trash burning, especially during windy 
March days, forest losses like this are the result. 



fires in the first- few days of 
the month than they had lost 
during the entire period from 
July 1, 1953 to Feb. 1, 1954. 
February ranked as one of the 
most dangerous - - and cost- 
liest - - months of recent date. 
Most of those fires were caused 
either by farmers burning off 
land preparatory to spring plow- 
ing or the burning of trash and 
brush piles. In each instance, 
the person burning would neglect 
to provide sufficient safety 
measures, and the fire would get 
out of hand and escape to nearby 
woods. 



WILDFIRE'S MARK- -BLACKENED WOODLANDS- -Fulton County Ranger W. G. 
Hyatt, left, and Fourth District Investigator W. E. Lee "mop up" 
after a devastating wildfire. It will be many years before this 
forest is back in good production. 

•i 




Hardest hit, according to Com- 
mission reports, were Districts 
1,2,3,4., and 8. Others received 
considerable damage, however; and 
it is felt that with the advent 
of the land clearing and plowing 
season in Districts further north, 
these districts will be in cor- 
responding danger from wildfires. 

Several barns and buildings 
burned in forest fires about the 
state in February, and more were 
prevented from burning only 
through rapid action of rajigers 
and fellow County Forestry Unit 
personnel. Several forest ex- 
periment station buildings on 
the George Walton Experimental 
Forest in Dooly County narrowly 
escaped destruction. In Carroll 
County, a sawmill near Bowden 
was not so fortunate, and Fourth 
District Forester Curtis Barnes 
joined other Commission District 
Foresters throughout the state 
in asking farmers and landowners 
to cease burning operations un- 
til rains fell. 

Commission investigators were 
kept busy, and in many areas 
their work showed direct results 
as several persons were brought 
to jail on charges of violating 
the state's forest fire laws. In 
Gwinnett County, one person so 
charged received a 12 months 
sentence, and in Camden County 
(Continued on Page 10) 



2& 



Schley County 
Demonstration 

Woodlot management and forest 
fire suppression were twin 
themes at a recent Georgia For- 
estry Commission demonstration 
in Schley County near Ellaville. 

Presented under sponsorship of 
the Keep Schley County Green com- 
mittee as one of that group's 
many activities in competition 
for the annual Keep Georgia Green 
contest cash award, the demon- 
stration featured planting, in- 
sects and diseases, forest man- 
agement, and forest fire sup- 
pression. 

Schley County is 1953 winner 
of the Keep Georgia Green contest 
sponsored annually by the Georgia 
Forestry Association. 

Dorsey Dyer, Extension Fores- 
ter, Georgia Extension Service, 
and Troy Simmons, Assistant Dis- 
trict Forester in Charge of Man- 
agement, District Three, Georgia 
Forestry Comnission, headed the 
opening session on forest manage- 
ment. A demonstration plot from 
which a recent harvest had been 
made served as the management 
demonstration site. 

Mr. Dyer demonstrated use of 
the pruning saw, and described 
conditions under which pruning 
is an effective forest manage- 
ment device. The two foresters 
outlined a proposed over-all 
cutting program for the demon- 
stration site under which reg- 
ular cash crops could be har- 
vested and sufficient growing 
stock allowed to guarantee 
additional cash harvests at reg- 
ular intervals in future years. - 

Dollars and cents figures 
were presented to show the finan- 
cial loss suffered' by the wood- 
lot owner in clear cutting oper- 
ations. 

A field demonstration of trac- 
tor and plow units in suppressing 
forest fires was given by per- 
sonnel of the Georgia Forestry 
Commission' s Third District Of- 
fice and the Marion County For- 
estry Unit. 




DEMONSTRATION OF THE USE OF 
TELEVISION in spotting woods 
fires was a highlight of the 
recent meeting of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission District 
Foresters in Rome. Hermitage 
Tower on Armstrong Mountain was 
the scene of the demonstration. 
Towerman W. C. Lowery, top photo, 
temporarily exchanges his ali- 
dade for the TV camera in lo- 
cating woods fires from his van- 
tage point in Hermitage tower, 
center photo. In bottom photo, 
Guyton DeLoach, Georgia Fores- 
try Commission Director, left, 
and Henry Cannon, Communications 
Engineer, right, watch the TV 
receiver, located in a house at 
the foot of the tower, for signs 
of a forest fire. The camera 
and the receiver were hooked 
into a closed circuit. The 
came'ra was fitted with a two 
inch lens and a red filter. 






MARCH, 1954 



Southeastern Section Of SAF 
Holds Meet In Thomasville 



NEW AND OLD SAF LEADERS- -The 
installation of officers was a 
highlight of the recent meeting 
of the Southeastern section, SAF. 
K.B. Pomeroy, new chairman, top 
photo, addresses section meet- 
ing following the installation 
of officers. The group, shown in bottom photo, in 
eludes, left to right, F. H. Robertson Jr., Inter- 
national Paper Co., new secretary-treasurer; K.B 
Pomeroy, Southeastern Experiment Station, new chair 



The Southeastern Section of 
the Society of American Fores- 
ters concluded its two day 
meeting, Jan 20-30, in Thomas- 
ville with the installation of 
Kenneth B. Pomeroy, of Lake City, 
Fla. , as chairman. Mr. Pomeroy, 
who will serve for one year, 
succeeds Archie E. Patterson. 
New officers also include Jack 
T. May, of Auburn, Ala., as 
vice-chairman, and F. H. Robert- 
son, Jr., of Panama City, Fla., 
as secretary-treasurer. 

Ed Ruark, Georgia Forestry 
Commission Fire Control Chief, 
was elected chairman of the 
Georgia Chapter of SAF, Earl T. 
Newsome, of Interstate Land Im- 
provement Co. , Macon, was elected 
vice-chairman, and Sam Lyle of 
Union Bag and Paper Corp. , was 
elected secretary- treasurer of 
the Georgia Chapter. 



With more than 250 foresters 
present from Georgia, Florida, 
and Alabama, the Thomasville 
meeting is reported to have been 
the best attended and probably 
the most successful ever held by 
the Southeastern Section. 

F. F. Smith, of the Fayette 
Experiment Forest, Fayette, Ala., 
presided over Friday's sessions 
with J. W. Willingham, University 
of Florida, Gainesville, pre- 
siding over Saturday's sessions. 
Topics covered were ''Increasing 
the Use of Aerial Photographs in 
Forest Management,'' ' 'A Look at 
Short Rotation Pine Management,'' 
' 'Soils Properties Related to 
the Growth and Yield of Slash 
Pine Plantations in Florida, ' ' 
' "The Present Status and Future 
of the Naval Stores Industry,'' 
' 'Managing a Longleaf Pine Ex- 
(Continued on Page 10} 



man; Jack T. May, API, Auburn, Ala., vice-chairman; 
Archie E. Patterson, University of Georgia, retir- 
ing chairman, and Guyton DeLoach, Georgia Forestry 
Commission Director, retiring vice-chairman. 





Smith's Sawmill, shown in top photo, specializes in cutting seven 
foot lumber which is manufactured into ammunition boxes at a box 
factory in LaGrange. This mill is located two miles west of Frank- 
lin, Georgia, on Highway 27. 



Sawlogs ready to be sawed into box lumber, are shown below, on 
the yard at Smith's Sawmill. 




Multi-utilization 

Heard County 
Unusual And F 

A Heard County sawmill- -along 
with nearly two dozen others 
operating in the nearby area- 
is providing an unusual and high- 
ly profitable market for tree 
farmers' improvement cuttings. 

The mill, which specializes 
in cutting seven foot lumber 
for use in a box factory, the 
Newman Manufacturing Co. in La- 
Grange, is known as Smith' s 
sawmill and is located two 
miles west of Franklin on High- 
way 27. 

Multi-utilization, according 
to sawmill operator Max Smith, 
serves as the theme of the 
mill' s entire operations. His 
box lumber comes from seven 
foot bolts or short logs which 
otherwise could not be utilized. 

'"These wood bolts,'' Mr. 
Smith points out, ''could not 
be used for lumber because the 
logs are shorter than the min- 
imum eight-foot length and be- 
cause the quality of wood we 
use is too low for grade lum- 
ber. Many of the logs which 
come into the mill here are 
knotty or rough. Another rea- 
son tree farmers would be un- 
able to utilize this timber 
elsewhere is because we are able 
to take many odd and inferior 
species. ' ' 

As a result, a new market has 
been created in the area for 
rough pines and hardwood which, 
with the exception of some pine 
pulp wood, had no value other- 
wise. Today the West Georgia 
farmer is learning this wood 
does have a definite value. It 
is a source of immediate cash 
which he can pick up on a rainy 
day when other farm work would 
be unfeasable. Unlike several 
other harvesting operations, 
the tree farmers do not deal 
with a middle man, but merely 
harvest their wood and haul it 






vmill Provides 
itabSe Market 



the millyard, where they 
ceive ready cash for their 
oduct. 

The diameter specifications of 
od utilized by this mill range 
om a minimum of eight inches 
a maximum of fourteen inches, 
e prices paid for this wood 
nge from $12 to $15 per stand- 
d cord. 

Vearly all species except 
k, hickory and ash are used . 
ximum utilization is obtained 
using 1 an OO-Frick sawmill, 
th the carriage speed stepped 
The mill cuts on the inch 
th a board width range from 
ree to 12 inches. Lumber is 
ilized to manufacture ammuni- 
on boxes for the U. S. Govern- 
nt, with the production of 
ices by the Newman plant in 
jrange. 

tfr. Smith began operating in 
ard County early last year, 
d since then has cut more 
an two million feet of lumber, 
waging from \q t0 12 thousand 
ard feet a day with a seven- 
i crew. 

''We're all in business to 
<e a profit,'' he declares, 
and if we plan to remain in 
siness, we must take protec- 
ve measures to assure a con- 
ant timber supply for today, 
well as for the future. We've 
ind that most farmers in this 
sa have a small patch or two 
rough timber scattered about 
i farm. There are very few 
idiots I have seen which could 
t be greatly improved by a 
:tle timber stand improve- 
lt. Now the timber stand im- 
svement can be a source of 
nediate income to the farmer.'' 

le pointed out that since the 
ren foot bolts are light in 
ght, no expensive heavy e- 
-pment is required to harvest 
! wood. 




Buck Golden, sawyer,* slices logs into seven foot box boards in the 

saw ni 1 1 in top photo. 



William Echoles, below, stacks green seven foot lumber onto a 
truck that will take the lumber to the drying yard and the pTaning 
mill. All the box lumber comes from seven foot bolts or short logs 
which otherwise could not be used. 






BOY SCOUTS OF THE GEORGIA- CARO- 
LINA COUNCIL learned by doing at a 
recent two-day forestry camp in 
Augusta under the direction of T. M. 
Strickland, Richmond County Ranger. 
In top left photo, James C. Turner, 
10th District Forester, shows the 
use of hand tools in fire suppres- 
sion to Troup 19, Augusta. In top 
right photo, Troop 52, Waynesboro, 
receives instruction on construc- 
tion of firebreaks from Bob Hagar, 
Columbia County Ranger, and Reg 
Fitzgerald, Columbia County Trac- 
tor Driver. In left center photo, 
scouts are shown how to plant 
seedlings by Richmond County Dis- 
patcher Bennie Fulcher, extreme 
left, and Management Forester Jim 
Coad, extreme right. 

Negro Boy Scouts of the Council 
also met a week later at Camp 
josey in Augusta to learn forestry 
practices. The scouts are shown in 
two bottom photos. 



r 





MURALS ERECTED IN SCHOOL OF FORESTRY --The Georgia 
Forestry Commission, in an effort to illustrate 
some of its work being carried on in the field of 
Forest Conservation has supplied the University of 
Georgia School of Forestry in Athens with three 
large murals. The mural in top photo, five feet X 



12 feet, located on the main floor of the forestry 
building, presents the four phases of forestry 
practiced by the Georgia Forestry Commission - Fire 
Protection, Forest Management, Reforestation, and 
Information and Education. The theme of fire pro- 
tection is depicted in the mural shown below. 




Rangers In 
The News 



Bibb County Ranger Harvey T. 
Stapleton, Jr. and his forestry 
unit are helping the Shirley 
Hills Garden Club in Macon with 
a unique tree planting idea. 
The garden club women have 
launched a project whereby they 
will supply and plant pine seed- 
lings on all Macon school grounds 
needing trees. At one school, 
they have set out as many as 
1,000 seedlings. Ranger Staple- 
ton and his crew are assisting 
in distribution and planting of 
the seedlings. 




Another in a rapidly expanding 
list of counties which have in- 
stalled forest fire warden post 
systems is Catoosa. Under the 
leadership of County Forest 
Ranger Ralph R. Clark, Jr., a 
fire warden post has been es- 
tablished in each district of 
Catoosa County within recent 
weeks. These posts were set up 
in cooperation with persons at 
the end of the telephone lines 
in the county. After the warden 
receives a fire report, he re- 
lays the message to headquarters, 
and as soon as possible after the 
message is received, fire fight- 
ing equipment is dispatched to 
the site of the fire. 




Rangers and tower operators of 
District 10, Georgia Forestry 
Commission, recently received a 
first-hand lesson in tower com- 
munications at a one-day school 
on radio communications at the 
Washington district office. A 
tape recording of radio commun- 
ications in that district on a 
busy day was played to show the 
need for proper use of radio 




RANGER WORKS ON KEEP GREEN EDITION--Talbot County Ranger Curtis 
Wiggins, left, works with Talbotton New Era Editor B. L. Tyler and 
other New Era staff members in preparing the county's annual Keep 
Georgia Green edition. The special edition will highlight forestry 
activities of Talbot County. 



signals to reduce traffic. A 
short quiz on radio signals 
f o 1 lowed . 




Walton County Ranger W. B. 
Palmer reports the Monroe Ki- 
wanis Club's agricultural and 
conservation committee has ''big 
plans'* for reforestation in 
that county. The committee has 
set a goal of a million pine 
seedlings to be planted on 
eroded land in Walton County 
next year. The club will work 
to supply information to land- 
owners on the advisability of 
planting idle lands, and the 
obtaining of seedlings. A me- 
chanical planter is available 
to landowners for use free of 
charge. 



Savannah River Valley citizens 
and features personal appearances 
and demonstrations by District 
Forester James C. Turner, Rich- 
mond County Ranger T. M. Strick- 
land, and Assistant District 
Foresters Bob Randall and James 
Coad. A sandbox planting demon- 
stration and an appearance by 
the Commission's live Smokey 
Bear have highlighted the pro- 
grams. 





' 'Georgia Forestry Today' ' is 
a new Sunday show on Augusta's 
WJBF- TV. The television series 
brings forestry to the Upper 



Camden County Ranger C. W. 
Neill invites those who have 
doubts as to the ability of a 
cigarette to start a forest fire 
to take a tour over 40 acres of 
charred and blackened woodland 
in that county. That acreage 
was burned, the Ranger exclaimed, 
because someone recently tossed 
a cigarette from a passing auto- 
mobile. Fanned by a light wind, 
the fire spread quickly, burning 
not only woodlands but engulfing 
and destroying a farmhouse. Two 
other homes nearly went up in 
smoke before the fire was sup- 
pressed by the Camden County 
Forestry Unit. 



March Winds-- 

(Continued from Page 2) 

a woman was charged with setting 
a fire that burned 20 acres. War- 
rents were issued for two per- 
sons in Toombs County. 

Most of the fires were caused 
from carelessness in burning 
brush or trash, but in Harris 
County a freak fire was com- 
bined with tragedy as a young 
air force pilot was killed when 
his fast- flying F-86 Saberjet 
crashed in the tinderdry timber- 
lands near Hamilton. Flames 
from the still burning plane 
ignited a 35 acre tract of for- 
e>stland, and Harris County fire- 
fighters spent hours in securing 
the blaze. 

Fairly general rains throughout 
the state during the third week 
of February helped reduce the 
forest fire danger; but rangers 
were quick to point out that on- 
ly a few dry days were needed to 
bring the state back up to its 
high fire danger period. 

''February's fire record,'' 
Commission leaders declared, 
''should serve as a warning to 
all of us. Burning fields, 

brush and trash in cleaning up 
operations prior to spring plant- 
ing is dangerous unless done 
properly. " 



SAF Meeting— 

(Continued from Page U) 

perimental Forest,'' and ''The 
Use of Overall Administrative 
Management Surveys in Forestry 
Organizations. ' ' 

E. L. Demmon, of Asheville, 
N. C. , national president of the 
Society of American Foresters, 
was principal speaker at the S\r 
annual banquet held Friday even- 
ing at Three Toms Inn. Guyton 
DeLoach, Director, Georgia For- 
estry Commission, was master of 
ceremonies. 

Wives of the foresters were 
entertained at a tea Friday after- 
noon and were taken on a tour 
of Thomas County plantations 
Saturday morning. 




WOMAN CONSERVATION LEADER H0N0RED--Miss Elizabeth Mason, right, 
in charge of women's activities for the U.S. Forest Service, Region 
8, receives a citation from the Georgia Federation of Women' s Clubs 
for her outstanding conservation efforts for that organization. 
Mrs. E. 0. Cabaniss, conservation chairman for the Federation, made 
the award. The- presentation was made at a recent GFWC board meeting 
at which Mrs. Chester E. Martin, president, announced that a 10 acre 
forest on Highway 123 near Toccoa has been acquired for the Feder- 
ation. 



INTERSTATE COMPACT GROUP- -Governor Herman E. Talmadge, right, 
swears in Georgia members of the Southeastern Forest Fire Protection 
Compact. Members are, left to right, Guyton DeLoach, Director, 
Georgia Forestry Commission; Adjutant General Ernest Vandiver, and 
Representative Jack Murr, of Sumter County. 




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PRIL, 1954 



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GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Editorial 

Think Before Starting Fires 



(From the Garrollton 

The recent near- tornado and 
accompanying heavy rain put off 
the fire threat in Carroll Coun- 
ty woods for a time but the dan- 
ger is not over. The threat 
will remain, halted temporarily 
by rains, until undergrowth in 
the wooded tracts turn green 
again and the torch-like grass 
cover in less shaded spots out 
in open fields is replaced with 
new growth. 

During all of this period Ran- 
ger Burl Bivins and his fire- 
fighting crew will keep their 
fingers crossed and their mobile 
equipment ready to spring into 
action anywhere in the county. 

Just as the recent dry weather 
was ideal from the farmers view- 
point for burning off land in 
preparation for plowing and other 
farming activities, it was ex- 
cellent for fires to get out of 
hand. Some who aimed at con- 
trolled burning found they were 



Times Free Press) 

not able to control the fire. 
The wind was not taken into con- 
sideration or full realization 
given to the extreme dryness and 
the speed at which fires can 
travel. 

Ranger Bivins asks that those 
planning to burn off fields no- 
tify the County Forestry Unit, 
plow firebreaks wide enough to 
do the job and to take note of 
the wind conditions. Winds are 
less in late hours of the day, 
but they can still be too brisk 
for starting fires and keeping 
them controlled. 



Woods fires do not destroy 
land- the earth. They may not 
even destroy the trees if they 
are well along in growth. But 
they destroy the young trees and 
they set back growth of the older 
ones. Either way they cost the 
owner of the woods money since 
they destroy lumber -to- be. 



Vol. 7 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

April, 1954 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guytoyi DeLoach, Director 



No. 4 



Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Vain, Chairman Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo 

John M. McElrath Macon H. O. Cummings Donalsonville 



Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

* * * * 

DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 



DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

Statesboro 
DISTRICT II— P. O. Box 26, 

Camilla 
DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

Americus 
DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 

Newnan 
DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 

McRae 



DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 

Milledgeville 
DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Rome 
DISTRICT VIII— P. O. Box 811, 

Waycross 
DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

Gainesville 
DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 

Washington 



(From the Waycross Journal Herald) 

The most significant factor in 
Southern Forest management has 
been the advent of the paper and 
pulp industry in the South. Just 
a few years ago it was thought 
that paper pulp could not be 
gotten from the pine tree. Dr. 
Herty said otherwise and per- 
sisted until he proved that not 
only could the pine furnish pa- 
per pulp by processes commer- 
cially profitable but that the 
pine also would yield cellulose 
out of which all rayon and other 
related products can be had. 

In the short space of twenty 
years immense mills have been 
put up in the Southern Coastal 
region. There are now more than 
fifty of the mills, most of them 
the largest plants of the kind in 
the United States. A thousand 
technically trained foresters 
care for the millions of acres 
owned or leased by these mills. 
This is one of our greatest 
sources of wealth. 

All during this fall and win- 
ter, fires have raged over these 
lands ruining thousands and even 
millions of trees and retarding 
the growth of numberless others. 
This . is waste of the most inex- 
cusable sort. Every county in 
South Georgia ought to take 
stringent measures to insure 
protection from fire of these 
valuable lands. 



Out Q&u&i 

The appearance of springtime 
in Georgia' s woodlands is synon- 
omous with the flowering of the 
dogwood tree. During the spring 
months the opening of the clear, 
white petals can be noted in all 
parts of the state, adorning 
areas not only in the forests, 
but also gardens and lawns of 
residential areas. The dogwood 
serves both as a tree of beauty 
and a tree of utility. photo 

by Atlanta Journal - Constitution 
Magazine. 



APRIL, 1 954 



Added Btn^Uftit! 



New Georgi 
Investments 



Total investments of nearly 
$100,000,000 are represented in 
Georgia's three newest pulpmills, 
one of them already in operation 
and two slated to begin produc- 
tion soon. 

The three mills, which will 
bring added strength to Georgia's 
already thriving forest economy, 
are the Rome Kraft Corporation 
at Rome; the National Container 
Corporation mill at Valdosta, 
and Rayonier, Inc., at Jesup. 

More than 700 workers now are 
bringing the Rome mill to com- 
pletion. The mill, which will 
be capable of maintaining an an- 
nual production rate of more than 
200,000 tons of kraft container- 
board, is expected to be in oper- 
ation about the middle of 1954. 

Representing an investment of 
more than $25,000,000 the mill 
will provide employment for 650 
persons. Approximately 350,000 
cords of pulpwood will be pro- 
cured annually frcm Northeast 
Georgia and nearby areas, fur- 
nishing employment for 1,200 per- 
sons in various wood operations. 

The National Container Cor- 
poration mill now is in oper- 
ation, with the administration 
building and detailed construction 
work now being completed. Full 
capacity will be 50(J tons of 
finished board per day. The 
mill will provide employment for 
450 persons. 

Public opening of the Rayonier 
mill is slated for May 1. Annual 
capacity will be 87,000 tons. 

A total of 450 persons will 
be employed at the Rayonier mill. 
The mill will produce purified 
wood cellulose for use in the 
making of cellophane, high tana- 
city rayon yarn, continuous fil- 
ament yarns, staple fiber, 
plastics and acetate sheeting 
and film. 



Pulpmills Represent 

Of $100,000,000 



I 















MARION COUNTY DEMONSTRATION- -More than 7 5 FFA boys and many farm- 
ers and landowners attended the recent forestry demonstration on the 
Albert Glass farm in Marion County. Marion County Ranger John 
O'Donnell, top photo, tells the group how their County Forestry 
Unit operates. Prizes are awarded by the Ranger, left center photo, 
to Joe McCorkle, O.M. Brannon, and Paul McAllister, for gaining 
top grades in a marking demonstration. District Forester Olin 
Witherington, right center photo, describes how forest fires are 
"crossed out" on a dispatcher' s map. Georgia Extension Forester 
Dorsey Dyer and Farm Forester Troy Simmons, standing at left in 
lower photo, describe how good thinning practices mean profits for 
today- -and for the future. Abb Preston, 4-H Club and FFA member, 
gave a hardwood poisoning demonstration. Fire fighting equipment 
was demonstrated. Others assisting were Assistant District Fores- 
ter Ed Hamby and Talbot County Ranger Curtis Wiggins. 




Southern Forestry 
Conference Set 
For April 26-27 

''Trends in Southern Forestry'' 
will be the theme of the 1954 
Southern Forestry Conference 
scheduled for Asheville. N. C. , 
April 26-27. U.S. Forest Service 
Chief K.E. McCardle will speak. 

The conference is the annual 
meeting of the Forest Farmers 
Association of Atlanta, Ga. 
Headquarters for the Asheville 
meeting will be the Battery Park 
Hotel, and an attendance of 350 
persons is anticipated. 

This 1^54 meeting marks the 
first time the Southern Forestry 
Conference has been held in North 
Carolina, home state of Forest 
Farmers President J. V. Whit- 
field of Burgaw. 

A seventeen-man committee is 
completing program and activity 
plans . 

Activities will include roster 
of program speakers, a barbecue 
by Champion Paper and Fibre Co. , 
tours of Biltmore Estate and 
Forest, plus presentation of door 
prizes, including a tree planting 
machine. 

A special women's program also 
is planned. 

Conference registration will 
begin at 8 A. M. Monday. The 
program opens at 10 A. M. with 
addresses of welcome from Ashe- 
ville and North Carolina state 
officials. The keynote speech 
will follow. 

The association luncheon will 
be on the first day. Monday 
afternoon will be devoted to 
further presentations and to the 
barbeque. 

Tuesday, April 27, will feature 
sessions in the morning and early 
afternoon, followed by a tour. 
The annual banquet will be Tues- 
day evening. 

President Whitfield stressed 
that those attending need not be 
association members. 



APRIL, 1954 



riUttit Pine, ^llee tf.eitio.Gi 
Slated 4o* Apsril 30 



Observance of Emanuel County's 
traditional and colorful Pine 
Tree Festival has been slated 
for April 23-30 this year, Carl- 
ton Deckle, festival chairman, 
reported this month. 

The annual festival, ninth of 
its kind to be observed in Eman- 
uel County, each year attracts 
forestry leaders and interested 
citizens from all parts of the 
state. Attendance this year is 
expected to exceed 20,000. 

As in previous years, one of 
the festival highlights will be 
crowning of a Pine Tree king and 
queen for the current year. 
Swainsboro's lovely Miss Emily 
Coleman, 1953 Pine Tree queen 
will preside at coronation cere- 
monies of the new king and queen. 

The 1954 Pine Tree Festival 
will get under way officially 
April 23 with a Farm Bureau queen 
and talent show. The show will 
be held at the County 4-H Club- 
house. April 26 will mark in- 
stallation of a series of ed- 
ucational exhibits which will 
emphasize the importance of for- 
estry to Emanuel County and to 
the entire state and nation. 
The exhibits will feature such 
topics as reforestation, forest 
fire prevention and suppression, 
and good forest management. 

1953 (fcieen Emily Coleman 




An all night singing conven- 
tion has been scheduled for April 
28 at Nancy auditorium, and on 
the following day a Pine Tree 
Festival golf tournament will be 
held at the Swainsboro golf course. 

April 29 also will feature the 
Pine Tree Variety Show and the 
Pine Tree ball at Swainsboro 
High School Auditorium. 

Climax of the festival events 
will come April 30 with a morning 
parade. During special cere- 
monies following, the winners 
will be announced in such fields 
and contests as declamation, 
poems, pine arrangments, floats, 
exhibits, essays, Farm Bureau 
queen and posters. 



Pine Tree Festival directors for 
the 1954 event are Roger Dekle, 
Foots Ma this, Glenn Segars, Jack 
Jenkins, Martha Daniels, R. J. 
Waller Jr., Earl M. Varner, V. E. 
Glenn, Carter Kea, and W. 0. 
Phillips. Mr. Varner, Emanuel 
County Agent, also serves as 
secretary. 

Emanuel County's annual Pine 
Tree festival has attracted wide- 
spread attention, not only in 
Georgia but throughout the na- 
tion, as a novel and colorful 
means of emphasizing the im- 
portance of crops harvested from 
the county's 280,986 acres of 
woodlands. 



One of the highlights of Pine 
Tree festivals of recent years 
has been the ''tree sitting'' 
activities of Swainsboro's 

Ray Brinson. During 1952 and 
1953, Jr. Brinson lived for a 
month prior to Festival time in 
a tiny cabin among the branches 
of a tall pine tree on the public 
square. He was interviewed each 
day over local radio station WJAT, 
and he received cards, letters, 
and telephone calls from all over 
Georgia and from other states. 



GFA, Alumni, 
SAF To Hold 
Joint Meeting 

More than 300 persons are ex- 
pected to gather at the Dinkier 
Plaza Hotel in Atlanta May 5-6 
to attend the annual joint meet- 
ing of the Georgia Forestry Asso- 
ciation, the University of Geor- 
gia School of Forestry Alumni 
Association, and the Georgia 
chapter, Society of American 
Foresters. 

B. M. Lufburrow, Executive 
Secretary, Georgia Forestry Asso- 
ciation, reported the two-day 
meeting will be highlighted by 
talks from top ranking forestry 
leaders, including Governor 
Herman E. Talmadge. 

Another highlight of the meet^ 
ing will be naming of winners of 
the Association's annual Keep 
Georgia Green contest. 

The SAF chapter will hold its 
session Wednesday morning, May 
5, and the annual banquet will 
be given Wednesday night. 

Thursday morning, May 6, will 
be devoted to a joint meeting of 
the three organizations. Papers 
will be presented at this session. 

Governor Talmadge will ad- 
dress the group at a special 
forestry luncheon slated for 
May 6. 

The afternoon meeting, under 
sponsorship of the Association, 
will feature awarding of the 
coveted Keep Georgia Green prizes. 
This year marks the third con- 
secutive year in which the Asso- 
ciation has sponsored the cash 
prize contest to determine the 
Georgia county which has shown 
the greatest progress in forest 
fire prevention. 

The winning county is to re- 
ceive $1,000. Second place win- 
ner will receive S500; third 
flace, $300, and fourth place, 
200. 

The Georgia Bankers Associa- 
tion is awarding $100 to the ran- 
ger of the winning county. 




Logs on box mill yard at LaGrange await processing. 




Logs are sawed into lumber (above). Lumber goes through planing 
mill (below). 



LaGrange Box N 
Vital Link In N« 

Box milling, another thriving 
Georgia forest industry, today 
is once again proving that Geor- 
gia's forests are a vital link 
in our national line of defense. 

At LaGrange a group of box 
mills owned and operated by the 
Newman Manufacturing Company is 
using wood from the firm's own 
scientifically managed forest- 
lands and from purchases from 
tree farmers to produce a steady 
stream of ammunition boxes for 
use in all branches of the United 
States armed services. 

The ammunition boxes, being 
less than three cubic feet in 
size, utilize short dimension 
lumber from any species of com- 
mercial trees other than oak 
hickory and ash. This aspect 
alone has a direct bearing on 
local timber management, not 
only in Troup County, but in 
surrounding counties as well. 

The mills not only create a 
market for rough, short timber 
of the type which would ordinar- 
ily be removed in a timber stand 
improvement operation, but also 
make a source of ready cash avail- 
able to the small farm woodlot 
owner as an incentive to en- 
courage better timber manage- 
ment practices. 

Lumber must be cut to proper lengths be 




; Prove Forests 
rial Defense 



he story of the Newman Man- 
^turing Company actually re- 
cts the story of good forest 
agement in Georgia, for the 
n owners were among the first 
pioneer in the practice of 
i forestry in Troup County, 
rig timber owners themselves, 
y are strong believers in 
1 timber management practices 
employ a full time forester 
ook after their holdings; and 
R. Newman, the firm's pres- 
et, is chairman of the Troup 
nty Forestry Board. 

'We derive our lumber from 
sral sources,'' Mr. Newman 
nted out. ''A large per- 

tage is supplied indirectly 
18 sawmills operating in a 
nile radius of LaGrange. The 
ainder is supplied by a com- 
y mill on the plant yard.'' 

ags with minimum lengths of 
seven and eight feet are 
s*ht by the cord from far- 
3 and small timber operators 
receive frcm $12- $15 per 
d for logs down to an eight - 
i minimum diameter. 

'Our mill," the president 
ited out,'' is different from 
?r mills is that it has an 
jllerated carriage speed and 

(Continued on Page 10) 

can be made into ammunition boxes. 




Portions of unfinished boxes await assembly line. 




Boxes are assembled with a nailing machine (above). John R. 
Newman, Jr. (below) checks boxcar containing ammunition boxes ready 




c^.j i '"*y 

- -,'^ It 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



3-Day Forestry Demonstration 
Held As Part Of Scout Week 



More than 150 Explorer Scouts, 
members of the Coastal Empire 
Council, Boy Scouts of America, 
recently received a first hand 
lesson in forest fire detection 
and suppression from personnel 
of the Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission in the First District 
area. 

Earlier the Scouts, in coop- 
eration with the Southern Pulp- 
wood Conservation Association, 
participated in a planting pro- 
ject in which 10,000 pine trees 
were set out on Camp Brannen, 
Boy Scout camp near Metter in 
Candler County. 

The forestry event, held as a 
part of National Boy Scout Week, 
extended over a three day period 
with the first two days being 
devoted to conservation prac- 
tices and tree planting and the 
third day to forest fire pre- 
vention, detection, and suppre- 
ssion. Scouts from Long, Liberty, 
Bryan, Tattnall , Toombs, Candler, 
Bulloch, Screven, Effingham, 
Chatham, Evans counties, Florida, 
North Carolina and South Carolina 
were present. 

District Forester Walter Stone, 
Assistant District Forester 
Cash Harper, Assistant District 
Forester Floyd Al Smith, Dis- 



trict Banger W. A. Morgan, Fire 
Investigator B. M. McCrimmon, 
and Badio Technician J. E. Ervin- 
all personnel of the district 
office in Statesboro - partici- 
pated in the fire detection and 
suppression demonstration. 

Candler County Banger Lamon 
Williams and his fire crew, and 
Bulloch County Banger J. W. 
Roberts and his crew, also assis- 
ted in presenting the program. 

In the fire detection portion 
of the program, a fire tower and 
a Commission patrol plane were 
used to discover and report a 
simulated fire to the fire fight- 
ing crews. The crews taught the 
scouts how to build fire lines 
around the blaze with hand tools 
and allowed the scouts to help 
in suppressing the fire. The 
use of all fire suppression equip- 
ment was explained. 

Fire Investigator McCrimmon 
showed how he makes plaster of 
paris casts of tracks to hunt 
down forest fire criminals and 
explained use of the equipment 
he uses in making fire investi- 
gations. 

Members of the Southern Pulp- 
wood Conservation Association co- 
operated with Boy Scout offi- 

(Continued on Page 10) 



"Musical Rangers" 
Boost Good Forestry 
In Record Series 

The ''Musical Forest Bangers'* 
have joined with the ''Swing- 
billies'* as the Georgia Fores- 
try Commission's musical ambassa- 
dors of forestry good will in the 
radio entertainment field. Ray 
McKay, who headed the ''Swing- 
billies,'' will remain as singing 
master of ceremonies. 

The Musical Forest Bangers 
will be featured in a new series 
of recordings to be released to 
the field during April. 

The new talent combinations 
will provide a wide range of mus- 
ical arrangements running from 
the old-fashioned ''hoe down'' 
through the popular to the class- 
ical. Increase of variety and 
appeal has been stressed. 

The weekly programs, which have 
found widespread acceptance through 
the state, again will be heard 
on the airwaves from Babun Gap 
to Tybee Light. The 15-minute 
musical, transcribed program 
featuring popular songs and music 
is interspersed with timely for - 
estry topics and announcements. 
The program has- a listening au- 
dience of thousands of forestry 
minded Georgians. 



Bulloch County Ranger J.W. Roberts demonstrates 
use of back can as District Forester Walter Stone 



explains use in left photo, 
scouts construct a firebreak. 




In right photo, 






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APRIL, 1 954 



Rangers In The News 



Crisp County Ranger Bill 
Tvedt reports that the Keep 
Crisp County Green Committee has 
its eyes on the top prize of 
$1,000 to be awarded in the 
Keep Georgia Green Contest. 

The Keep Green Committee is 
setting up a forestry park for 
the use of picnickers on a half 
acre of land donated by an 
Arabi landowner. The park, lo- 
cated near a fire tower, will be 
completed when park benches have 
been installed. 

Improvements also are being 
made at the county fire tower 
site. A picket fence is being 
built around the tower, and a 
new road leading from Highway 
41 to the tower is being con- 
structed. Lumber for the fence 
was donated by Crisp County 
merchants. 




Activities of Morgan County 
Ranger Sam Martin in helping 
West Fulton High School, Fulton 
County, set up a three day school 
camp at Camp Rutledge- last year 
resulted in a commendation for 
the Ranger in a special booklet 
recently issued describing the 
camp. 

Entitled ''Application of Com- 
munity Citizenship through School 
Camping, ' ' the booklet lauded 
both Ranger Martin and Dodson 
Carter, Co-superintendent of 
Hard Labor Creek State Park. The 

Ranger was praised for his'* 

life devotion to our forest re- 
sources .. .For his understanding 
of young people--For his faith- 
ful service to our state. . . 

'These friends,'' the cita- 
tion conclude, ''have won for 
themselves a place of honor and 
love in our camping program. ' 



c r 











FORESTRY TELEVISION PANEL--Viewers of WROM-TV s "Fin 'n Feather 
Club" recently witnessed a forestry discussion panel by students of 
Dade County's Davis High School. Participants, advisers, and fores- 
ters present included, left to right, Dade County Ranger J.C. Pace; 
G. S. Chumley, Davis High School principal; Mary Fay Gilbreath, Jack 
Ivey, Price Selby, master of ceremonies; Betty Hurst, Aaron Ellis, 
and Assistant District Forester Frank Craven. 



Dedication of a new headquarters 
for the Gilmer County Forestry 
Unit recently was highlighted by 
organization of a forestry pro- 
motional committee and tribute 
from Seventh District personnel 
to the citizens of the county for 
their interest in forestry. 

District Forester F. J. Pullen 
lauded the work of F. J. Kiker, 
building site donor, and pointed 
out that of the 16 counties in 
the Seventh District, Gilmer 
County citizens contributed the 
largest amount for headquarters 
building purposes. Gilmer County 
Ranger J. L. Dover and his unit 
personnel performed most of the 
1 abor. 



Among those heeding the ad- 
vice of Monroe County Ranger 
W. W. Jackson on planting pine 
on sub- marginal land is Dr. 
Charles T. Rumble of Macon. Dr. 
Humble is planting slash pine 
on his abandoned fields in Mon- 
roe County with a mechanical 
tree planter so that in 15 to 
20 years his idle land will be 
producing pulpwood or similar 
products and sawtimber a few 
years later. 

Ranger Jackson advised Dr. 
Rumble on the planting operation. 

More than 714,000 pine seed- 
lings were planted in Monroe 
County last year. 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Foresters Ask 
For Reports On 
Killing Fungus 

Georgia Forestry Commission 
management foresters, in an ef- 
fort to prevent serious infesta- 
tion of the root killing fungus, 
Fomes annosus, in this state, 
have asked for reports of all 
cases of the fungus found in 
Georgia. 

Prof. W.R. Campbell of the Uni- 
versity of Georgia School of 
Forestry, pointed out this month 
that until this time, Southern 
pines have been relatively immune. 
He said the fungus recently has 
been reported on pitch pine and 
Atlantic white cedar. 

''Eastern red cedar,'' the 
professor declared, ' ' is the 
common host for the fungus in 
the piedmont. Trees of all 
sizes are attacked and killed.'' 

Prof . Campbel 1 reported serious 
infections in red cedar stands 
have been reported in Elbert 
and Jackson Counties. 

Recent indications are that 
the fungus may be a serious root 
disease of Slash Pine- 
Last year W. H. McComb, Man- 
agement Chief, Georgia Forestry 
Commission, discovered a root 
rot of slash pine in a 20-year- 
old stand near Swainsboro. In 
this stand, dying followed a 
thinning made five years pre- 
vious. 

Another root rot has been 
found in South Carolina, and an 
infected plantation has been 
discovered in Alabama. 

"Root rot," Prof. Campbell 
continued, ''may be a real dan- 
ger in young Slash Pine stands 
following thinning. It is the 
number one root disease in Eu- 
rope where special measures 
must be taken to prevent ex- 
cessive loss in thinned stands. 

He asked that all persons 
noting unusual dying of Slash 
Pine, especiall" if the dying 
is progressive from year to 

(Continued on Page 1 0) 



Demonstration Held At Irwin 
County High School Forest 



More than 125 persons attended 
a forestry demonstration held 
recently in connection with the 
dedication of the Irwin County 
High School Forest. The pro- 
gram was under direction of, the 
Union Rag and Paper Corporation 
and the Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission. 



Al Davenport, Union Rag Con- 
servation Field Representative, 
opened the program with the de- 
dication of the school forest. 
Mr. J. R. Gibbs, Sr. , chairman 
of the school board of trustees, 
accepted the custody of the wood- 
lands. 

Ed Ruark, Fire Control Chief, 
Georgia Forestry Commission, 
Turner Rarber, District Forester , 



and Jack Vickers, Irwin County 
Ranger, explained and demonstrated 
Commission equipment, including 
fire control maps, tower and 
plow units. A fire detection 
plane was used in this portion 
of the program to report a con- 
trol burn about a half mile 
away from the demonstration site. 

Howard Doyle, Southern Pulp- 
wood Conservation Association 
Area Forester, discussed se- 
lective thinning and held a 
thinning demonstration featuring 
audience participation. Rob 

Tift, Union Rag Conservation 
Forester, showed the group the 
proper methods of planting. 

T. R. Mobley, Vocational Agri- 
culture Teacher of Irwin County 
High, was master of ceremonies. 



Ed Ruark, Georgia Forestry Commission Fire Control Chief, below, 
answers questions concerning a crawler tractor at the recent Irwin 
County High School Demonstration. Assisting Mr. Ruark in his 
portion of the demonstration are Turner Barber, Georgia Forestry 
Commission District Forester, extreme left, and Jack Vickers, Irwin 
County Forest Ranger, extreme right. 




Sawmillers 
Invited To 
Conference 

Georgia's sawmill operators 
have been invited to attend an 
all-day sawmill operators' con- 
ference at Blue Ridge on April 28. 

The conference, according to 
Tom Ramke, Forester, Tennessee 
Valley Authority, will begin at 
9 a.m. at the yard of the Atlanta 
Oak Flooring Company. Sponsors, 
in addition to the TVA, are the 
Georgia Extension Service, the 
Forest Farmers Association, the 
University of Georgia and the 
Georgia Forestry Commission. 

Discussion topics and demon- 
strations will include logging 
and logging costs, increasing 
efficiency and production of 
sawmills, and maintenance and 
operation of equipment. 

A free luncheon is scheduled 
for the event. 



LaGrange Box-- 

(Continued from. Page 6) 

the logs are sawed on the inch 
rather than every two inches. 
We find there is little lumber 
waste in his operation, since 
boards down to a minimum three 
inch width are utilized.'' 

Once the lumber has been pro- 
perly seasoned by air drying, 
it is dressed by the company 
planer and is ready to be pro- 
cessed in the box plant. 

In the process of making a box, 
the lumber is first carefully 
graded for defects. Narrow 
widths are grooved and fused to 
create broader dimensions. The 
lumber then is cut to proper 
dimensions, sized, equalized, 
and passed on to the mailing 
machines, where it is made into 
finished ammunition boxes. 



Keep Butts Count y 

GREEN 

W. A. BUNCH SONS 

LUMBER CO. 
JACKSON, GA. 




EMPHASIZING CURRENT COOPERATION of industry in the Keep Georgia 
Green program is this sign on Highway 42 at the Butts County-Henry 
County line. One side of the sign, above, asks aid in keeping 
Butts County Green, while the other side, below, presents the Henry 
County Keep Green message. W.A. Bunch Sons Lumber Company, of 
Jackson, constructed the sign. 









Keep HenrY County 

GREEN 

VI. A. BUNCH SONS 

LUMBER CO. 
JACKSON, GA. 



w 



^^Spp- 



%e»t*H4t>udio*i— Killing Fungus- 



(Continued from Page 7) 

cials in staging the conserva- 
tion and tree planting demon- 
stration of the first two days. 
Every type of forest c onservat ion 
equipment was used in the demon- 
stration. As a part of the pro- 1 
gram the hardwood in the area 
was thinned out. 

Howard J. Doyle, Area Forester 
for the Southern Pulpwood Con- 
servation Association, stated 
that the demonstration was co- 
incidental with President Eisen- 
hower' s emphasis on forest con- 
servation. 



(Continued from Page 9) 

year, report to their County 
Forest Ranger district office 
of the Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission. 

''Special attention,'' the 
professor declared, ''should 
be given to young Slash Pine 
plantations. Root rot may not 
kill the trees immediately, but 
may weaken the roots so that 
the trees tip over while still 
living. Lodging or falling of 
trees should be investigated to 
see if root rot is present. 



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MAY 
1954 



Forests and Waters— ' 

'pteAwy, 'peat! 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Editorial 

County Fire Losses Reduced 



(From the Gainesville Daily Times) 



Losses from forest fires in 
Hall County are not nearly so 
serious as they were last year 
and the year before that. What 
has been saved frcm fire, of 
course, continues to beautify 
Hall County as well as hold the 
promise of future income for 
the citizens of the county. 



The reduction in fire losses 
can be attributed in part to 
luck. Perhaps better weather 
conditions, less lightning and 
good fortune in a number of 
ways prevented some fires. 



Most of the reduction, we 
think, can be attributed to the 
slow accumulation of training 
and educational information dis- 
tributed over the years caution- 
ing people against burning over 



their land, leaving campfires 
unextinguished, throwing cig- 
arets out of cars, etc. 



Part of this includes the able 
Hall County forest fire pro- 
tection unit, which prevents 
losses by being immediately a- 
vailable with equipment to fight 
fires when they are small and 
to recruit other fire fighters 
and direct the campaign against 
a fire when necessary. 



It was a good day for the coun- 
ty when the commissioners de- 
cided to join the state's forest 
fire protection plan and our 
record for the past fire sea- 
son should prove convincing to 
other counties who have yet to 
take advantage of the coopera- 
tive plan with the state. 



Vol. 7 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

May, 1954 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 



No. 5 



Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Varn, Chairman _ ....Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr _ Alamo 

John M. McElrath Macon H. O. Cummings Donalsonville 



Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS. Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

* * * * 

DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 



DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

Statesboro 
DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

Camilla 
DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

Americus 
DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 

Newnan 
DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 

McRae 



DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 

Milledgeville 
DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Rome 
DISTRICT VIII— P. O. Box 811, 

Waycross 
DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

Gainesville 
DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 

Washington 



Valuable ^imhe* 

(From the Albany Herald) 

Perhaps there have been fewer 
forest fires in Georgia (the 
coloquial term has long been 
' 'woods fires' ' ) during the late 
Winter and early Spring than 
heretofore. But thousands of 
acres were burned over, and the 
loss ran into hundreds of thou- 
sands of dollars. 

Timber is more valuable today 
than it has ever been, and it is 
as certain as taxpaying time 
that it will never be worth 
materially less. Science has 
produced a number of substitutes 
for lumber, but some of our 
largest and more important in- 
dustries are dependent on forest 
products. 

There was enough dry weather 
in the Southeast during the Win- 
ter months to cause woods fires 
to take heavy toll. The fires 
stopped when rains came, but the 
total loss ran into hundreds of 
thousands of dollars. 

Carelessness and ignorance 
were responsible for most of the 
fires. The ignorance factor 

is revealed in fires which were 
deliberately set, either to' ' kill 
off boll weevils and other bugs,'' 
or ' 'just to see the fires 
burn, and to smell the smoke.'' 



Georgia's forest sheltered 
waters are the playgrounds of 
anglers throughout the length of 
the state -- from the haunts of 
the fighting mountain trout in 
the north through the lake and 
stream hideouts of the bass and 
bream in the Piedmont to the 
vast reaches of the rivers and 
swamplands of the south. 

Wherever the avid followers of 
Izaak Walton match wits with the 
denizens of river and stream 
they enjoy another dividend of 
good forestry. Proper woodland 
management prevents excessive 
runoff and erosion and provides 
clear streams and good fishing. 



MAY, 1 954 



Nurseries Set 
Seedling Goal 
At 112 Million 

More than 112,000,000 seed- 
lings is the 1954-' 55 production 
goal set by the Georgia Forestry 
Commission for its four forest 
tree seedling nurseries. 

That number will be the great- 
est ever produced in a single 
season in Georgia - - or by 
state nurseries in any Southern 
state. The nurseries only re- 
cently have completed shipping 
their 1953-' 54 crop - - another 
record breaker of 100,000,000 
seedlings. 

Orders for 1954- '55 season 
seedlings are being accepted 
now by the Commission's Nursery 
Department. Order blanks are 
being supplied by County Rangers, 
County Agents, Soil Conserva- 
tionists, and the Atlanta Office 
of the Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission. Nursery officials 
have requested that no payments 
be made on orders until after 
July 1. 

An increase in the cost of 
seedling production has resulted 
in a price increase on all spe- 
cies of pine seedlings. All 
pine seedlings which formerly 
sold for $2.75 a thousand will 
sell for $3.00 a thousand this 
season. Other species will sell 
at the same price as last year. 

Anticipated production by nur- 
series and species includes: 
High tower Nursery - 500,000 
Slash, 18,500,000 Loblolly, 
50,000 White Pine, 200,000 Ari- 
zona Cypress, 1,000,000 Short 
Leaf, and 200,000 Red Cedar. 
Herty Nursery - 25,000 Slash, 
1,000,000 Loblolly, 500,000 
Longleaf, 200,000 Arizona Cy- 
press, 250,000 Red Cedar, and 
200,000 Yellow Poplar. Horshoe 
Bend Nursery - 30,000,000 Slash, 
1,000,000 Loblolly, and 500,000 
Longleaf. Davisboro Nursery - 
25,000,000 Slash, 7,500,000 
Loblolly, 500,000 Longleaf,, 
200,000 Arizona Cypress, 200,000 
Red Cedar, and 200.000 Yellow 
Poplar. 



New Forest Industries 
Valued At $140 Million 



Thirty-five new forest indus- 
tries, representing a combined 
capital investment of $140,863 
500, were established in Georgia 
in 1953. 

A survey conducted this month 
by the Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission in cooperation with the 
Georgia Power Company, the Sa- 
vannah District Authority and 
the Georgia Light & Power Com- 
pany revealed this information 
and also pointed out that the 
new industries brought to the 
state an additional $2,807,000 
payroll . 

The list included three pulp- 
mills and 11 lumber firms. Fac- 
tories for producing oak floor- 
ing, blinds and awnings, handles, 
doors, windows, and sashes, and 
boxes also were represented in 
the new forest industries which 
began operations in Georgia in 
1953. 

New 
tion, 
ment , 

approximate 
as f ol lows : 



industries, their loca- 
product, capital invest - 
n umber of employees and 
annual payroll are 



Gainesville Co-op Company, 
Gainesville, boxes, $35,000 

capital investment, eight em- 
ployes, approximate annual pay- 
roll of $20,000; Horace E. Baker 
Jr., Toccoa, sawmill, $3,500, 
eight employees, $20,000. 

Miller Dogwood Mill, Toccoa, 
lumber, $10,000, six employees, 
$15,000; Mt. Yonah Lumber Com- 
pany, Cleveland, $25,000, 10 
employes, $26,000; Roy Floyd, 
Vanna, Sawmill, $25,000, eight 
employes, $20,000; Rutherford 
Lumber Company, Social Circle, 
lumber, $15,000, 12 employees, 
$26,000; Clarence and Robert 
Scott, Toccoa, lumber $15,000. 

Long Leaf Lumber Company, 
Atlanta, lumber, $100,000, 15 
employes, $45,OO0; Padgett Furn- 
iture Mfg. Company, Fair Oaks, 
Furniture, $25,000, six em- 
ployes, $24,000; Thomas Furn- 

(Continued on Page 10) 




Mt 






i 



Log and lumber grading were featured at sawmill school. 

Sawmill Conference Held April 28 



More than 100 sawmill opera- 
tors, foresters and industry 
representatives from Georgia, 
Tennessee and Alabama attended 
the sawmill and logging con- 
ference held April 28 at the 
Atlanta Oak Flooring Company 
yard at Blue Ridge. All who 
attended were rewarded with an 
interesting and highly informa- 
tive discussion of the various 
phases of logging and profitable 
operation of circular saw mills. 
Joint sponsors for the session 
were the Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission, University of Georgia, 
Georgia Agricultural Extension 
Service, Tennessee Valley Author- 
ity, and the Forest Farmers Asso- 
ciation. 

The morning program opened 
with a welcome by Lee Settel , 
Appalachian Oak Flooring, Elli- 
jay, who presided at the ses- 
sions. 



W. H. McComb, Assistant Dir- 
ector, Management, Georgia For- 
estry Commission, outlined the 
timber management services avail- 
able to landowners through the 
Commission. 

' 'Factors Affecting Logging 
and Milling Costs' ' was the 
subject of a presentation by Ben 
C. Cobb, Division of Forestry 
Relations, TVA. Mr. Cobb utilized 
an excellently illustrated flip- 
chart to give visual emphasis 
to his discussion. 

Mr. Cobb also discussed the 
' 'Reduction of Logging Costs by 
Leaving Small Trees'*. Here he 
gave comparisons on logging 
costs when harvesting various 
sizes of trees, cutting old 
growth, second growth and new 
growth, and using the various 
methods of felling, bucking, 
bunching, skidding, and loading. 



Theo Evans, Atlanta Oak Floor- 
ing Company, started the after- 
noon program with a discussion 
and demonstration of "Sawing 
for Lumber and Grade Inspec- 
tion'' Using sample boards, 
he also outlined and explained 
hardwood lumber grading methods. 

' 'Seventy six work hours per 
thousand man work hours are lost 
in the logging industry as con- 
trasted 'with only 18 hours lost 
in ofher industries due to ac- 
cidents," said H.B. Leigh, Safety 
Engineer, Liberty Mutual Insur- 
ance Company, Atlanta, as he 
spoke on the vital subject of 
''Safety in the Timber Indus- 
try". He challenged the log- 
ging industry to institute suit- 
able accident prevention train- 
ing and practices, such as has 
been done in other industries 
with tremendous savings to the 
industries and to individuals. 

B. J. Woody, Joe H. Brady and 
Associates, Birmingham, spoke 
briefly on the use of power saws 
in log production and E. A. 
Clevenger, Corley Manufacturing 
Company, and George Strawn, 
Frick Company, both discussed 
profitable methods of using cir- 
cular saws. 

Summarizing the conference 
was B. F. Grant, University of 
Georgia School of Forestry. He 
emphasized the fact that the 
conference had stressed the 
practical aspects of solving the 
mutual problems confronting the 
loggers, sawmillers and fores- 
ters. 



In left bottom photo, Lee S. Settel, W. H. 
McComb, and T. A. Ramke (left to right) inspect an 
exhibit of log and board grades. "Safety in the 



ant ■^■f 



Lumber Industry" was the subject on which Herbert 
B. Leighi, in center bottom photo, spoke to the 
group. Ben C. Cobb, in right bottom photo, out- 
lined "Factors Affecting Logging and Milling Costs' . 





MAY, 1 954 



SPCA Meetings 
Held In Four 
States In May 

1 'Getting Pulpwood Stumpage 
Through Conservation' ' was the 
theme of the Southern Pulpwood 
Conservation Association's Area 
3 meeting at the Bon Air Hotel 
in Augusta, May 4-5. 

Association members and visi- 
tors from Georgia, Florida and 
parts of South Carolina at- 
tended the session. 

Acceptable cutting and har- 
vesting systems were described, 
with full explanation of the 
minimum cutting standards volun- 
tarily adopted through the Asso- 
ciation to carry out an inten- 
sive conservation program. 



The Augusta meeting was one 
of four scheduled throughout the 
South this month by the Asso- 
ciation. The Area 2 session, 
attended by representatives from 
Alabama, Mississippi and parts 
of Louisiana and Florida, was 
held May 11-12 at the Tutweiler 
Hotel in Birmingham, Alabama. 



The progress of the conserva- 
tion activities of members in 
those states during the past 
several years was reviewed and 
the methods of coordinating the 
work of public and private for- 
estry agencies were outlined. 

Bepresentatives from North 
Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee, 
and parts of South Carolina at- 
tended the Area 4 meeting held 
May 18"19 at the Carolinian Ho- 
tel in Nags Head, N. C. "Con- 
servation and How to Sell It'' 
was the theme of the Area 4 meet- 
ing. 

' 'Conservation Is A Job For 
All'' is to be the theme of the 
Area 1 meeting scheduled May 26 
at the Magnolia Inn in Magnolia, 
Arkansas. Bepresentatives from 
Arkansas, Louisiana and Texas 
will attend the meeting. 



A1QA fllamu 
Meat 2, 



ueett 



The test tube has made a dent 
in the gum turpentine business 
but promises to open newer and 
better markets in the future, 
Harley Langdale of Valdosta, de- 
clared at the April meeting of 
ATFA in Valdosta. Langdale was 
re-elected president of the Amer- 
ican Turpentine Farmers Associ- 
ation for his 18th consecutive 
year. 

Miss Ksena Champion, 20-year- 
old Valdosta State College soph- 
omore from Argyle, Ga. ( was 
named Miss Spirits of Turpentine 
for 1954. 

Other officers elected were 
B. M. Newton, Wiggins, Miss., 
vice president; A.B. Shirley, 
Valdosta, secretary, and Ora B. 
Hemmingway, Valdosta, treasurer 
and assistant secretary. 




1954 Gum Turpentine Queen, Miss 
Ksena Champion with Judge Harley 
Langdale, AT-FA President. 



Siunmen. GampA. Scheduled 



Members of the Future Farmers 
of America and of 4-H once again 
will be given an opportunity 
this summer to gain first-hand 
facts and instruction on fores- 
try at annual outdoor camps 
slated throughout the state. 

The FFA camp will be held 
July 5-10 at Alexander Stephens 
State Park, and the 4-H camp 
will be held June 7-12 at Laura 
Walker State Park. Sponsoring 
mills are the Macon Kraft Com- 
pany, Brunswick Pulp and Paper 
Company, St. Mary's Kraft Cor- 
poration and Gair Woodlands 
Inc. Sponsors pay all expenses 
other than transportation. 

Union Bag and Paper Corpora- 
tion and the Georgia Extension 
Service sponsor and conduct the 
4-H camp jointly. 

More than 90 boys and Voca- 
tional Agriculture teachers 
from throughout the North Geor- 
gia area are expected to attend 



the FFA camp. This year will 
mark the first summer the camp 
has been held at the Stephens 
State Park, which is located 
near Crawfordville in Taliaferro 
County. 



This year's camp is planned 
especially for North Georgia 
FFA members, with a full sche- 
dule of lectures, demonstrations, 
recreation and entertainment 
provided to acquaint the youths 
with a great: % variety of farm 
forestry information and in- 
struction. 

Members of the camp staff will 
be announced later. Guest speak- 
ers are expected to include re- 
presentatives of the Vocational 
Agriculture Division, State De- 
partment of Education; spon- 
soring pulpmills, Georgia Chap- 
ters of Future Farmers of Amer- 
ica, and the Georgia Forestry 
Comm ission. 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



'20ti Cm 







Standing as prime example of 
the thousands of small forest 
products enterprises that dot 
Georgia's countryside and com- 
prise a substantial portion of 
the state's giant forest indus- 
try is the McConnell family 
manufactory for chicken coops 
in White County. 

Nestled in a picturesque 
wooded valley deep in the hills 
of the Dukes Creek section 
of White County, this ''plant'' 
and the accompanying operations 
stand as vibrant testimony to 
the fact that opportunity abounds 
where enterprise, determination, 
and hard work are joined. Unique 
in several ways, this industry 
utilizes low-value or otherwise 
worthless Red Oak, White Oak 
and Sweet Gum to build a chicken 
coop which is five to six times 
as strong and durable as other 
ordinary coops. Thus the team 
of T. J. McConnell, his wife and 
son, T. J. Jr., not only pro- 
vides a better coop for the 
mushrooming multi-million dollar 
chicken industry of North Geor- 
gia, but at the same time makes 
possible the improvement of the 
woodland growing stock by re- 
moving ''weed species'' of scrub 
oak and gum. 

When the pioneering McConnells 
came to Dukes Creek in 1945 ' ' their 
valley' ' was simply an uninha- 
bited, densely wooded expanse 
on a remote leg of the creek. 
Pioneering was their life as 



they necessarily abandoned their 
car at a distant road and' 'walk- 
ed in with picks, shovels and 
axes on our backs.' : Admitted- 
ly often discouraged in the past, 
today the McConnells can look 
back with a sense of accomplish- 
ment few persons ever realize, 
and at the same time they look 
forward with keen anticipation 
to what the future holds. 

''Sometimes at sunset'', says 
Mr. McConnell, as he points to 
a nearby hill, "we walk* up and 
sit down on that ridge. There 
we can survey our little com- 
munity, and can see what we've 
done ourselves - - what we've 
built, what we've produced, 
what we've hewn out with our 
own hands. Somehow it's a feel- 
ing I believe we could find no- 
where else. It's like watching 
a dream come true, because it 
certainly has been a dream 
that's kept us going all along 

and now it is beginning to come 

» > 
true. 

The chicken industry's accep- 
tance of the McConnell coops 
is emphasized by the fact that 
today Mr. McConnell holds stand- 
ing orders which will require 
three years to fill at full 
production. 

The McConnell Chicken Coop - 
a patented and fully protected 
10 inch broilersize coop - is 
officially certified as five 
to six times as strong by pound- 
age as the conventional chicken 





1. White pine paneling is a byproduct of the McConnell's saw- 
milling operations. Tom McConnell, Mr. McConnell, T. B. Hankinson, 
Management Forester of the Georgia Forestry Commission, (left to 
right) inspect a board. 

2. Sweet Gum, otherwise almost valueless, is used to make floors 
for the coops. Here Mrs. McConnell assembles a floor by use of a 
frame to give exact overall dimensions. 

3. This 12- bit gang drill does a complete boring job on a coop 
rail in one operation. Here Tom McConnell operates the drill that 
his father personally designed and built. 

4. (Mass Production of Dowels) Tom McConnell, nearest camera, runs 
oak boards through planer. Specially-designed knives fitted on the 
planer enable this two-man team to produce 100 dowels a day. 

5. (Log Dock at Sawmill) Mr. McConnell and Tom use cant hooks to 
roll a log to sawmill carriage. 

6. (Strength Secret of McConnell Coops) Mr. McConnell, right, and 
Tom, center, show T. B. Hankinson, left, how patented half round 
dowel multiplies strength of coops. 

7. (Finished Product) Mrs. McConnell and Tom make final inspec- 
tion of coops before delivery. This shop is one of the buildings 
built by the McConnells completely from wood cut on the area. 



coop. The multiplied strength 
of the McConnell Coop is de- 
rived from the half-round dowels 
which are used throughout each 
coop. The half-round dowel - as 
contrasted with the fully rounded 
dowels used on other coops - 
provides thicker, stronger dowel 
at the point of stress where the 
dowel enters the rails of the 
coop structure. (Exhaustive tests 
both in the laboratory and in 
use have shown that this is the 
major point of failure in many 
makes of coops and have demon- 
strated the superiority of the 
McConnell product. ) 

Other unique features of the 
McConnell Coops are especially 
designed doors to help carry the 
weight of the loaded coop and 
convenient handles or grips at 
each end to facilitate handling. 

The coops are made completely 
of oak, with the exception of 
the floors, which are Sweet 
Gum. Red Oak is used for the 



rails and White Oak for the 
dowels. All these species a- 
bound as slow-growing, otherwise 
non-merchantable species in the 
locality. 

Felled oak timber is cut in 
eight or nine foot logs in the 
woods to provide sawed coop 
stock in multiples of two or 
three feet. Gums are cut into 
eight foot logs to provide floor- 
ing stock of four feet. Along 
with the harvesting of coops 
materials, the McConnells also 
remove some White Pine and Vir- 
ginia Pine as good selection 
cutting dictates. The White 

Pine is marketed through the 
Baldwin Lumber Company, of Cor- 
nelia, as select grade two and 
three-inch paneling, and the 
Virginia Pine is utilized for 
construction. Altogether, only 
11 board feet of wood are used 
per coop produced and Mr. McCon- 
nell even boasts to his best 
customers that his total cash 
outlay is only 7 cents per coop. 
This is for the nails used. 



The McConnell's operation 
plans call for selection cutting 
of weed species in the forested 
areas, plus some spot planting, 
principally with White Pine. 
Certain cleared areas are also 
to be planted with White Pine 
and some of the faster growing 
hardwood species. 

One of the most amazing fea- 
tures of the McConnells pro- 
duction setup are the mass pro- 
duction power tools used, most 
of which were individually de- 
signed and custom built by Mr. 
McConnell, who is an alumnus of 
the school of mechanical engi- 
neering at Georgia Tech. A 
twelve-bit gang drill for boring 
an entire rail section of a 
coop in one operation is one of 
his prize showpieces. Several 
times told by machninists and 
manufacturers that to build such 
a drill was impractical if not 
impossible, he nevertheless pre- 
pared his own plan and specifi- 
cations, and today takes great 
delight in demonstrating the 
precision operation and rugged- 
ness of the drill, which is 
belt -driven from a 5 horsepower 
gasoline engine. 

Another unique mechanical fea- 
ture is a specially designed 
planer knife used to cut dowels 
in mass production. Dowels 

sufficient to build 100 coops 
can be made in a single day. 

A OOFrick sawmill is used for 
making coop stock and lumber. 
They once used a direct drive 
mil 1 powered by a Buick engine - 
another unique mechanical ar- 
rangement by McConnell. 

(Continued on Page 10) 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Yearly Salute to Emanuel Pines 

WooMandi' Wo*Ui llteme, 
01 Pirn ^4ee Qediual 



Emanuel Count ians and thou- 
sands of fellow Georgians ga- 
thered last month at Swainsboro 
to pay tribute once again to 
the Georgia pine with a weeklong 
observance of the community's 
ninth annual Pine Tree Festival. 

A colorful parade, talks by 
noted forestry leaders, and a- 
warding of prizes were included 
in the final day's Festival cli- 
max. Reigning over the Festival 
ivere the newly crowned queen and 
king, Nella Shepard and David 
Row 1 and . 

Reavis Sproull, director, Herty 
Foundation, Savannah, featured 
Festival speaker, pointed out 
that chemical and wood industry 
research on pine trees is of- 
fering ''new and unlimited hor- 
izons'' for the Georgia tree 
farmer. Citing the value of 
pines to Georgia and to the en- 
tire South, he displayed many 
new and useful materials now 
being produced from pines. 



Howard Youman and Meg Price 
reigned as prince and princess, 
along with the newly crowned king 
and queen. 

Irma Lee Smith was Farm Bureau 
Queen. Sara Ellen Phillips was 
runner up to Miss Smith. Jeannie 
Underwood was third. 

Mrs. E. Y. Scott Jr. was adult 
winner in the Festival poetry 
contest. Jeanie Underwood was 
schoolgirl winner, and Raymond 
Abney was schoolboy winner. 

The Junior Chamber of Commerce 
Float won first prize among or- 
ganizational floats. Adrian 
School won the school float 
competition, and Mathis Lumber 
Lumber Company was the commer- 
cial float winner. 

In the elementary school pub- 
lic speaking contest, Jimmie 
Patton won first place among the 
boys and Edna Mae Smith was first 
among the girls. 



Forest Farmers Hold Conference 



Speakers including the Chief 
of the United States Forest Ser- 
vice and an outstanding consult- 
ing forester, springtime tours 
of the famed Biltmore Estate 
and Forest, and forestry dis- 
cussions based on the theme, 
'Trends in Southern Forestry,'' 
highlighted the annual Southern 
Forestry Conference of the For- 
est Farmers Association April 
26-27 at Asheville, N. C- 

The speakers included R. E- 
McCardle, Chief, U. S. Forest 
Service, and A- W. Bentley, 
well-known consulting forester 
from Athens , Tennessee. McCardle 
outlined research trends which 
will have an effect on Southern 
forestry; and Bentley outlined 
the challenges which face the 



Southern forester and the Sou- 
thern forest farmer. 

More than 350 persons attended 
the annual session, a meeting 
marking the first time the Sou- 
thern Forestry Conference has 
been held in North Carolina, 
Forest Farmer Association Pres- 
ident J. V. Whitfield's home 
state. 



In addition to participating 
in tours of Biltmore Estate 
and Forest, the group attended 
a barbecue presented by Cham- 
pion Paper and Fiber Company. 
A new model transplanter was 
given away by Whitfield Man- 
ufacturing Company, of Austell , 
Georgia. 




1. Dr. Reavis Sproull speaks. 

2. Products of pine illustrated. 

3. Smart stepping bands provide 
lively music. 

4. Festival Queen Nella Shepard 
and King David Rowland reign 
over festive city. In fore- 
ground are Princess Meg Price 
and Prince Howard Youman. 

5. Farm Bureau Queen Irma Lee 
Smith greets parade throng. 

6. Swainsboro High students take 
buggy ride. 

7. Wheel of fortune Oak Park 
theme. 

8. Winning float features pine 
products clock. 




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Si* I 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Rangers In The News 



Members of a Parent -Teacher- 
Association in Bartow County re- 
cently learned, through the ef- 
forts of their County Forest 
Ranger, Tom Boston, how they 
can help cut down on the de- 
vastating losses caused annually 
by wildfires in Georgia. The 
Ranger and Assistant District 
Forester Frank Craven appeared 
before the Cass High School 
P T A group to show a forestry 
film, outline the value of for- 
ests to their county, and de- 
scribe the most common causes 
of iorest fires. 




High praise for Ranger Troy 
Floyd's Haralson County Fores- 
try Unit came recently from the 
Haralson County Tribune. 

The newspaper, in a special 
article entitled, ' 'We Salute,' 
said since the Unit was started 
it has been on the job ' 'day and 
night protecting Haralson Coun- 
ty's forests from the always 
dangerous fires which destroy 
wildlife as well as trees.'' 

The article pointed out the 
Unit is willing to help at all 
times whenever possible. ' 'All 
the unit asks,' 1 the newspaper 
declared, 'is that the people 
call them when they are burning 
brush piles and that they burn 
them late in the afternoon when 
the wind is stilled. 

''We think,'' the article con- 
cluded, 'that this organization 
should have the cooperation of 
all Haralson County citizens, as 
the number of woods fires has 
decreased since it was organ- 
ized. 




ABANDONED FIELDS PUT TO USE - - Monroe County Ranger, W. W. 
Jackson, left, and Dr. Charles T. Rumble, of Macon, inspect some 
of the 6,000 Slash Pines set out during the recently completed 
planting season on abandoned fields owned by Dr. Rumble in Monroe 
County. Ranger Jackson advised Dr. Jackson on the planting opera- 
tion. 





The excellent cooperation 
which exists between Georgia' s 
county forest rangers and the 
newspapers in their communities 
was recently exemplified in 
Paulding County. There, County 
Ranger Earl Abies reported, the 
Dallas New Era devoted several 
columns in a recent issue to 
printing a complete record of 
every wildfire in the county 
during 1953. Date of the fire, 
acreage burned, the cause, and 
the location were listed. 

Accompanying the article was 
an appeal by Ranger Abies for 
more care in the woods on the 
part of smokers, debris burners, 
and hunters. 



Lumpkin County Ranger Bill 
Littlefield is building a com- 
bination recreation and demon- 
stration area at his tower site. 
The area will include rustic 
benches, picnic tables, a shel- 
ter cabin to house a continuing 
exhibit demonstrating the phases 
of activity of Ranger Little- 
field's forestry unit, and other 
facilities. An all weather, 

road to the site has been con- 
structed. All the building is 
being done by members of the 
Lumpkin County Forestry Unit. 

''When the work is completed,' 1 
the Ranger declared, ' 'we hope 
to have the best tower site in 
the entire state. ' ' 



Qo-n&UenA Sltani 
Gaulle Bet Qo* 
June S 9u AtUenl 

The Third Annual Aerial -Photo 
Interpretation Short Course for 
foresters will be given at the 
University of Georgia June 8-11 * 
The course is being sponsored 
by the School of Forestry, the 
Department of Geography and 
Geology, and the Division of 
General Extension of the Univer- 
sity of Georgia. 

The course will be kept on 
a practical level with only 
enough theory introduced as is 
necessary to facilitate the pro- 
per use of the instruments and 
aerial photographs. Foresters 
and others who are using these 
new tools of forestry in their 
everyday forest management work 
will be brought to the Univer- 
sity to supplement the regular 
teaching staff for the short 
course. 

Afeiu 9nduU>uel-- 

(Continued from. Page 2} 
niture Mfg. Company, Atlanta 
furniture, $175,000, 50 em- 
ployes, $150,000; Wimbish Furn- 
iture Company, Atlanta Furniture, 
$25,000, six employes, $22,000 
Zim-Craft Mfg. Company, Atlanta 
furniture $25,000, six employes, 
$22,000; Zim-Craft Mfg. Company, 
Atlanta, furniture, $75,000, 20 
enployes, $60,000; Lamb's Saw 
Mill, Midville, lumber, $5,000 
six employes, $13,000. 

Martinez Mfg. Company, Mar- 
tinez, sash, doors, andcabinets, 
$20,000, five employes, $16,000 
Webb's Cabinet Shop, Statesboro, 
cabinets, $9,000, three employes, 
$9,500; A & B Lumber Company, 
Abbeville, lumber, $20,000, 12 
employes, $24,000; Barrow Saw- 
mill, Unadilla, lumber, $40,000, 
20 employes, $45,000. 

Columbus Cabinet Company, Col- 
umbus, cabinets, $10,000, five 
employes, $15,000; Columbus Oak 
Flooring Company, Columbus, oak 
flooring, $20,000, 10 employes, 




IN "CHAMPION HOME TOWN" PARADE-- Jasper County Forestry Unit, 
headed by Ranger M.O. McMichael, entered its truck and tractor in 
the recent "Champion Home Town" contest in Monti cello. Assistant 
Rang a; Coy Womack, above, drives the vehicle in the parade. Monti-, 
cello ranked first for towns of its size in Georgia in the annual 
Georgia Power Company contest. 



$25,000; Georgia Pine " Company, 
Braxton, lumber, $45,000, 40 
employes, $80,000; Georgia Pine 
Company, Douglas, planing mill, 
$15,000, 10 employes, $24,000; 
J. R. Hill, Greenville, handles, 
$12,000, four employes, $12,000; 
Oakley Blind & Awning Company, 
blinds & awnings, $10,000, 
three employes, $1Q000. 

Shook & Waldrep Lumber Com- 
pany, Broxton, Lumber, $35,000, 
20 employes, $40,000; Windows 
Beautiful, Ellerslie, blinds & 
awnings, $7,000, six employes, 
12,000; Broadway Hardware and 
Supply Company, Macon, doors, 
windows and screens, $17,000, 
four employes, $15,000; Johnson - 
Mote Lumber Company, Baxley, 
lumber, $18,000, 10 employes, 
$45,000; M. V. Shaller, Baxley, 
lumber, $24,000, 21 employes, 
$50,400; Rome Kraft Company, 
Rome, paper board, $25,000,000 
650 employes, $1,820,000; Na- 
tional Container Corporation, 
Clyattville, pulpmill, $25,000, 
000, 500 employes; Rayonier Inc. 
Jesup, pulpmill, $25,000,000, 
500 employes; Elberta Crate Com- 
pany , Bainbridge, crate mill, 
$23,000, 40 employes; Georgia 
Ports Export Packers, Inc., Sa- 
vannah, forest products, $30, 
000, 25 employes, $50,000; and 
E.W. Jackson & Company, Savannah 
ski billets, $35,000, 15 em- 
ployes, $32,000. 



Pioneers--- 

(Continued from Page 6) 
The McConnells first came to 
Camp Nacoochee in White County 
more than twenty years ago. 

At that time both Mr. McConnell 
and Mrs. McConnell, who is a 
graduate of Agnes Scott College, 
were teaching in the public 
school. They had always nour- 
ished an interest in timber 
and the structural and mechani- 
cal use of wood. This spark was 
fanned by some wood technology 
courses Mr. McConnell studied 
at the University of Florida 
while he was teaching school. 

Not content with their pre- 
sent production which is seem- 
ingly full-scale, the McConnells 
are starting the production of 
broorrthandles from the slabs 
which result from the sawing of 
coop stock. Also due for an ear- 
ly start in production in tex- 
tile mills are shuttles which 
they will make from Dogwood. 

Even beyond the realm of bus- 
iness enterprise the McConnells 
''school teaching instinct'' 
continues with them and they 
are formulating plans and look- 
ing forward to the day when they 
can start a school on their leg 
of the creek. 




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FORESTRY 



rd 




JUNE, 1954 



SCHLEY 



?<ucnt6 






GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Editorial 

Careless People Burn Forests 



(From the Syl 

Between Sylvania and Millen 
there is a field of what once 
was a good stand of young pine 
trees. Today the field con- 
tains only scratched stubs of 
trees which will never produce 
the timber or naval stores they 
should. Most of them have been 
so badly burned they will never 
anything. 

Someone has erected a sign on 
the highway near this scene of 
devastation. The sign, when 
viewed with the burned trees in 
the background, is a graphic 
warning to those who would be 
careless with fire in our fo- 
rests. The sign, however, picks 
on only one type of person who 
destroys one of our most valua- 
ble natural resources. It says 
''A Careless Smoker Did This.*' 

It's possible the fire was 
started by a carelessly dropped 
cigarette or match, but there is 
much more likelihood that it was 
started by someone who has in- 



vania Telephone) 

herited an urge to burn the 
woods. These people destroy a 
lot more trees than do the care- 
less smokers. 

There are still too many of 
our people who feel that woods 
must be burned for one reason or 
another. In spite of all the 
efforts to educate people other- 
wise, some of our folks still 
think burning woods destroys in- 
sects which attack crops. Others 
feel it is necessary to provide 
grazing for livestock. Others 
just seem to do it for no reason 
at all. Careless burning of 
fields often is responsible for 
fire spreading into woodlands. 

No matter how a fire is start- 
ed in the forests of our country, 
whether by carelessness, or de- 
liberately, remember, if you had 
anything to do with it, you are 
denying your descendants the 
right to use a valuable natural 
resource. 



Vol. 7 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

June, 1954 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 



No. 6 



Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Vara, Chairman ....Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo 

John M. McElrath Macon H. O. Cummings Donalsonville 



Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

$ * $ ♦ 

DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 



DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

Statesboro 
DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

Camilla 
DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

Americus 
DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 

Newnan 
DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 

McRae 



DISTRICT VI— P. O. Box 505, 

Milledgeville 
DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Rome 
DISTRICT VIII— P. 0. Box 811, 

Waycross 
DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

Gainesville 
DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 

Washington 



(From the Thomasville Times 

Enterprise) 

Forest management is not any- 
thing new for this immediate sec- 
tion where vast acreas are owned 
by plantations and others and 
are protected and prevented from 
the fate that has stricken so 
many vast areas in other sec- 
tions of the state. It now is 
said that a majority of destruc- 
tive fires in the woods are due 
to carelessness and a consider- 
able number even to deliberate 
intent. Those who own a hundred 
thousand acres of forest land in 
this county are impressed with 
the necessity for care and dill i- 
gence in protecting that area 
from fire and other destructive 
agencies that either destroy the 
timber at one sitting or slow- 
ly sap its life and prevent 
the proper growth of new trees. 
Fire has the facility for clear- 
ing the land of surplus under- 
brush but that also very surely 
destroys all of the young timber. 

Our forest protection has been 
developed with foresters and to- 
wers to spot fires. This has 
been one of the main factors in 
protection, but the greatest de- 
velopment comes from an appre- 
ciation of what forests mean, 
what they need and how they can 
earn an annual dividend on the 
money that they cost. 



&44A Qov&l 

GREENBACKS FOR KEEP GREEN 
EFFORTS- -Keep Georgia Green 
projects instituted in the four 
counties represented by these 
Rangers paid off in cold cash. 
Kirk Sutlive, left, former Geor- 
gia Forestry Association Presi- 
dent, presents cash awards for 
rangers to take to their counties. 
The group includes, from left to 
right, Mr. Sutlive, Lawrence 
Tondee, Schley County; John 
O'Donnell, Marion County; Leon 
Ray, Emanuel County, and Owen J. 
Dean, Stephens County. Addi- 
tional details of the annual 
award presentation may be found 
on pages 2, 5, and 6. 



JUNE, 1954 



Stephens County --- The Winner! 

Tri-Group Meeting 
Highlighted By Awards 



Awarding of the 1954 Keep Geor- 
gia Green prize to Stephens Coun- 
ty, talks by Governor Herman E. 
Talmadge and other outstanding 
forestry leaders, and a round of 
business sessions featured the 
annual meeting last month of 
three leading Georgia forestry 
organizations. 

The Georgia Forestry Associa- 
tion, the Georgia chapter, So- 
ciety of American Foresters, and 
the Georgia School of Forestry 
Alumni Association once again 
held their annual sessions joint- 
ly this year. The groups met at 
the Dinkier Plaza Hotel in 
Atlanta. 

Stephens County's Keep Green 
Council, first place winner, was 
presented the $1,000 top prize. 
Emanuel County, which recently 
staged its ninth annual Pine 
Tree Festival, was runner-up for 
the $500 award. Marion County 
won $300 for third place and 
Schley County, 1953 winner, won 
the fourth prize of $200. 

Stephens County Forest Ranger 
Joe Dean was awarded $100 by the 
Georgia Bankers Association for 
his service with the winning 
council. 

James C. Turner, Jr. , District 
Forester, Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission, opened the first day's 
sessions by speaking on ' 'Me- 



thods of Employee Training. " 
Dr. Albert Foster, Southeastern 
Forest Experiment Station, Lake 
City, Fla., spoke on ''Pro- 
blems Relating to Producing 100 
Million Pine Seedlings.'' 

' 'TV In Forestry' ' was out- 
lined for the group by B. C. 
Ralston, Radio Corporation of 
America, Atlanta. Mr. Ralston 
demonstrated a device for fire 
spotting called the ' 'TV Eye' ' 
and explained that the "eye'' 
eliminates much of the haze in 
spotting fires and gives more 
contrast to TV pictures. 

' 'The TV Eye' ' would cut down 
the manpower need from three to 
one and release two highly train- 
ed forest technicians for more 
important work on forest re- 
search and development, ' ' he 
said. 

(Continued on Page 9) 



Governor Talmadge, top, right, 
addresses joint luncheon session. 
Hugh Dobbs, GFA president, cen- 
ter right, delivers annual re- 
port. Kirk Sutlive, below, left, 
and representatives of four 
winning counties, inspect Marion 
County' s scrapbook. W. R. Hine, 
U.S. Forest Service, watches B.C. 
Ralston, below, right, demon- 
strate the use of TV Eye in for- 
est fire detection. 






-./ 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Trailer Unit To Serve 
Dual Purpose For GFC 



Operation of a forest fire 
emergency headquarters trailer, 
which in seasons of light wild- 
fire occurence will serve as a 
travelling forest fire preven- 
tion exhibit, was announced this 
month by the Georgia Forestry 
Commission. 

The trailer, designed as nearly 
as possible to be a self sus- 
taining unit capable of opera- 
tions in rugged areas not served 
by most utilities, contains a 
two-kil lowatt electric genera- 
tor, a natural gas unit for 
heating and cooking, and a two- 
way FM radio and 80 feet high 
telescopic radio antennae. 

''This vehicle,'' explained 
H. E. Ruark, Fire Control Chief, 
Georgia Forestry Commission 

' 'will serve as an operational 
headquarters for fire fighting 
units during periods of extreme 
forest fire emergency. Prior 
to this time, we always had to 
look for a suitable building at 
a location near electric power 
lines. 

''For this reason,'' he added, 
''our emergency headquarters 
locations were not always in 
areas where we could best direct 
fire fighting operations. In 



the future, however, with our 
mobile, well-equipped unit, we 
not only set up operations al- 
most anywhere we choose; we also 
can move our headquarters upon 
very short notice whenever the 
focal point of forest fire 
emergency shifts elsewhere.'' 

Six cots, which during periods 
of non-use can be folded against 
the wall, have been installed. 
Wall racks have been installed 
to hold topographic and dis- 
patcher's maps and aerial photo- 
graphs. Strechers and first aid 
equipment and supplies will be 
carried in the trailer. 

An office compartment, from 
which over-all forest fire fight- 
ing operations in the emergency 
will be directed; sleeping 
quarters, and a supplies compart- 
ment will comprise the vehicle. 

During summer and spring per- 
iods, when forest fire emergency 
periods are far less likely to 
occur, the 26-feet long trailer 
will be used as a travelling 
forest fire prevention display. 
During such times the trailer 
will carry a motion picture pro- 
jector, slide projector and 
other audio-visual equipment. 

(Continued on Page 10) 



The Georgia Forestry Commission will use this self-sustaining 
trailer unit as emergency headquarters during forest fire season 
and as an exhibit carrier during spring and summer months. 




1,800 Sawmills 
Now Operating 
In Georgia 

Nearly 1,800 sawmills now are 
operating in Georgia, according 
to a recently completed survey 
by the Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion. 

The survey results have been 
compiled in a mimeographed pamph- 
let, ''Directory of Sawmills in 
Georgia.'' The directory lists 
all sawmills under the name of 
the county in which they are 
operating. 

Number of sawmills, county by 
county, as of the date the in- 
formation was compiled, are as 
follows: 

District 1» Bryan County, 9; 
Bulloch, 12; Burke, 5; Candler, 
5; Chatham, 101 Mcintosh, 3; 
Effingham, 8; Emanuel, 22; Evans, 
9; Jenkins, 8; Liberty, 9; Long, 
3; Screven, 19; Tattnall, 19 # 

District 2, Brooks, 141 Cal- 
houn, 3 ; Clay, I! Colquitt, 151 
C°° k . 5; Dougherty, 8; Early, 4; 
Decatur, 12! Grady, 161 Mitchell, 
13» Seminole, 4; Thomas, 22; 
Tift, 17; Worth, 8; Baker, 4; 
Miller, 9. 

District 3, Chattahoochee, 15 
Crisp, 5; Dooly, 6; Lee, li 
Macon, 7; Marion, 10! Muscogee, 
15! Quitman, 8; Randolph, 18; 
Schley, 4; Stewart, 12! Sumter, 
6; Talbot, 18J Taylor, 5; Ter- 
rell, 4; Webster, 5. 

District 4, Butts, 7; Carroll, 
19; Coweta, 9; Harris, 13J Heard, 
15; Henry, 12J Lamar, 6; Meri- 
wether, 22; Newton, 6; Pike, 9; 
Rockdale, 2; Troup, 37; Upson, 
17; Clayton, 2; Douglas, 4; Ful- 
ton, 10; Spalding, 3; Fayette, 
4; 

District 5, Ben Hill, 9; Bleck- 
ley, 4; Dodge, 20; Houston, 6 
Irwin, 5; Jeff Davis, 7; Laurens 
18; Montgomery, 15' Pulaski, 8 
Telfair, 25; Toombs, 10! Treut- 
len, 7; Turner, 7; Wheeler, 8 
Wilcox, 6. 

District 6, Baldwin, 12; Bibb 
17; Crawford, 9; Glascock, 1 
Hancock, 14! Jasper, 11» Jeffer 
son, 25; Johnson, 7; Jones, 15 
Monroe, 16! Peach, 3; Putnam, 8 
Twiggs, 7; Washington, 17J Wilk- 
inson, 16- 

(Continued on Page 10) 



JUNE, 1 954 



Gair Corp. 
Establishes 
Scholarship 

Gair Woodlands Corporation, of 
Savannah, has announced the es- 
tablishment of a $2,000 scholar- 
ship at the University of Georgia 
School of Forestry. The award 
is to be made to an outstanding 
high school graduate from south- 
east Georgia or southwestern 
South Carolina. 



The $500 per year scholarship 
will be awarded for four years 
to the successful applicant. 
Continuance of the scholarship 
grant to any individual will be 
dependent upon his creditable 
college work. The scholarship 
will be awarded annually. 



Candidates must be interested 
in following forestry as a ca- 
reer, have a better than average 
scholastic record in high school, 
be active in extracurricular 
activities and show evidence of 
leadership in school, community, 
and church. 



The Georgia counties from which 
applicants are eligible for the 
scholarship are Appling, Brant- 
ley, Bacon, Bryan, Bulloch, 
Burke, Candler, Chatham, Coffee, 
Dodge, Effingham, Emanuel, Evans, 
Hancock, Jeff Davis, Johnson, 
Liberty, Long, Lowndes, Pierce, 
Telfair, Toombs, Ware, and 
Wayne. 



Final awards will be made at 
a scholarship committee meeting 
in July. Committee members are 
Dean D. J. Weddell, University 
of Georgia School of Forestry, 
T. W. Earle, President, Gair 
Woodlands Corp. ; H. J. Malsber- 
ger, Forester and General Man- 
ager of the Southern Pulpwood 
Conservation Association, and 
Guy ton DeLoach, Georgia Fores- 
try Commission Director. 



Gamp. BtaU Announced 



The camp staff for the 1954 
Boys Forestry Camp, to be held 
July 5 - 10 at Alexander Ste- 
phens State Park at Crawford- 
ville, has been announced. 

The staff this year will in- 
clude J. F. Spiers, Forester 
Central of Georgia Railroad; 
Howard J. Doyle, Area Forester, 
Southern Pulpwood Conservation 
Association; J. C. Turner, Dis- 
trict Forester, Georgia Forestry 
Commission; R. E. Davis, Infor- 
mation and Education Chief, Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission; T. D. 
Lewis, Conservation Forester, 
Union Bag and Paper Corporation; 
W. R. Johnson, Conservation For- 
ester, Gair Woodlands Corporation; 
Sam Thacker, James Reid, Raymond 
Hill, and Zack Seymour, all As- 
sistant District Foresters, Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission. 

Sponsoring the FFA camp are 
five member mills of the Sou- 
thern Pulpwood Conservation As- 
sociation, with the Georgia For- 
estry Commission conducting the 
camp. Sponsoring mills are the 
Macon Kraft Company, Brunswick 
Pulp and Paper Company, St. 



Mary's Kraft Corporation, Union 
Bag and Paper Corporation and 
Gair Woodlands Inc. Sponsors 
pay all expenses other than 
transportation. 

More than 90 boys and Voca- 
tional Agriculture teachers from 
throughout the North Georgia 
area are expected to attend the. 
FFA camp. This year will mark 
the first summer the camp has 
been held at the Stephens Park, 
located in Taliaferro County. 

This year's camp is planned es- 
pecially for North Georgia FFA 
members with a full schedule of 
lectures, demonstrations, re- 
creation, and entertainment pro- 
vided to acquaint the youths 
with a great variety of farm 
forestry information and in- 
struction. 

A field trip to the Clark Hill 
Dam and Watershed area tops the 
list of activities for the boys. 
Subjects that will be taught in- 
clude thinning, mensuration, re- 
forestation, marketing, insects 
and disease, harvesting, and use 
of hand tools and equipment. 



New Record Series Released 



Georgians now are hearing a new 
series of forest fire prevention 
records featuring ' 'The Sons of 
the Pioneers," a nationally- 
known western singing group; 
Billy Johnson as the Singing 
Woodsman, and Smokey Bear. 

The 13-week series of recorded 
14 minute radio programs has 
just been released to Georgia 
Forestry Commission forest ran- 
gers for broadcast on their local 
radio stations. 

On the recordings, the singing 
Woodsman acts as master of cere- 
monies for the ' 'Sons of the 
Pioneers, ' ' who sing many favor- 
ite old western tunes, and Smokey 
Bear, who relates his fire pre- 
vention messages. 

The series was released as a 
part of the Cooperative Forest 



Fire Prevention Campaign spon- 
sored by state foresters and 
the U. S. Forest Service in co- 
operation with the Advertising 
Council, Inc. 

Each transcribed program of 
western music is interspersed 
with forestry information which 
points out the evils and waste 
of haphazard burning by landown- 
ers and of carelessness with 
fire in the woods. The series 
also conveys the importance of 
the nation's forest resources 
and the availability of experi- 
enced foresters to advise forest 
owners on woodland management. 

The series was prepared for 
the purpose of awakening public 
recognition to the value of the 
forests and to the importance of 
preventing unnecessary damage 
to woodland areas. 




*&B* 



1. Joe Dean, Stephens County Ranger; Otis Steele, Keep Green Council 
chairman, and J. Fred Newman, County Agent, left to right, admire the 
Stephens County $1000 first place Keep Green award. 

2. Toccoa Falls Grammar School 4-H Club group studies tree growth. 

3. Green Gold sign erected in Stenhens County by John Brown, community 
leader; Bruce Brown, Forest Patrolman, and Ranger Joe Dean. 

4. Fred Newman, Stephens County Agent, instructs colored children in 
pine tree planting. 

5,6. Demonstrations like these were a vital part of Marion County's Keep 

Green program. 

7. Emanuel County. Keep Green scrapbook is proudly displayed. 

8,9. Emanuel County made good use of posters and newspapers in its program. 

10. Some of Emanuel' s cooperative citizens at a Keep Green banquet. 

11. Schley County' s Keep Green Council. 

12. Schley County Keep Green sign posted at the county line. 

13. One of six tree planters used in Schley s Keep Green program. 



"Cooperative Ci 
Factor In Keep 

"Community cooperation," judges 
of the 1954 Keep Georgia Green 
forest fire prevention contest 
reported this month, "was the 
dominant theme which spear- 
headed activities of the four 
counties which won top ratings 
in the annual statewide con- 
test. 



A variety of novel and effect- 
ive programs, ranging from 
organization of Boy Scout emer- 
gency fire fighting crews to 
forestry essay and poetry con 
tests was reported by the win- 
ning counties. The most im- 
pressive factor noted by the 
judges, however, in all four 
top counties, w?s that the Keep 
Green programs represented the 
work and cooperation of nearly 
all citizens and groups in the 
counties. 



Stephens County, first place 
winner, reported organization of 
Keep Green committees in all 24 
communities in the county 
Women's Clubs organized to help 
prevent forest fires, and essay 
art and sp>eaking contests were 
held. 




M 



ins 



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Major 
ten Success 

ids.es reported second place 
ler Emanuel County was par- 
ularly outstanding in its 
mittee setup - especially 
lg 4-H Club workers. As in 
>hens County, radio and news- 
:r cooperation was excellent. 



larion County's rating of 
-d in the contest was es- 
ally significant in view of 
fact that this marked the 
it year the county has been 
sr organized forest pro- 
ion. Judges commended work 
,he citizens in obtaining the 
,, use of Boy Scouts as emer- 
y fire crew members, work of 
FFA, the Negro Educational 
n Bureau and many other or- 
zations. 

chley County, first place 
ner in 1953, scored again 
s year with a fourth place 
ing. Demonstrations, plant- 
programs, purchasing of 
hanical planters and the 
ges' conclusion that "... 
p Green has become an in- 
tution in Schley County.." 
e contributing factors in 
s county' s repeat of its high 
ing. 



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KEEP 



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tVEMT FORES 
FIRES 





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GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Cone Collection 

Plans For 1954 
Announced 

Plans for the 1954 fall cone 
collection season have been an- 
nounced by J. H. Hill, Refores- 
tation Chief, Georgia Forestry 
Commission. 

' 'The cone collection season, ' ' 
he declared, ''still is many 
months off, but we want to insure 
that complete and adequate pre- 
parations will provide our best 
collection season to date. ' ' 

He reported the Commission this 
year will pay $1 per bushel for 
Slash Pine cones; 50 cents per 
bushel for Longleaf Pine cones, 
and approximately $ 1. 15 for Lob- 
lolly cones. 

''Collecting pine cones,'' the 
reforestation chief declared, 
''can serve as a profitable 
source of income, not only for 
individuals, but for clubs and 
civic organizations as well.'' 

Mr. Hill pointed out that in 
the two previous cone collection 
seasons in Georgia, many youth 
groups, such as Scouts, 4-H'ers 
and FFA boys had made troop or 
club-wide projects at cone col- 
lection time and, as a result, 
had gained extra funds for their 
organization's activities. 

'Different species of cones 
ripen at different times over 
the various Georgia areas," the 
Commission official explained, 
''and it is best to contact your 
own county Forest Ranger as to 
the time to start picking. Once 
again, we are taking only heal- 
thy cones, those that have been 
picked after they become ripe 
and are free from worm holes. 
Only top quality seed is used in 
our four Commission nurseries, 
and this seed must come from top 
quality cones. ' ' 

Georgia Forestry Commission 
Rangers will pay cash for cones, 
and there will be no delay or 
red tape in waiting to be paid 
for the cones. The Commission 
this year is seeking additional 
dealers to act as agents in buy- 
ing cones from individuals. 

Mr. Hill stressed that cone 
collecting does not call for the 

(Continued on Page 10) 



Foresters Attend 2-Day Course 
In Naval Stores Developments 



Fifty foresters from three 
states, Georgia, Florida and 
South Carolina, gathered recent- 
ly at Laura Walker State Park 
near Waycross to attend a two-day 
course outlining newest develop- 
ments in the naval stores field. 

The Agricultural Extension 
Service, the School of Forestry 
and the Division of General Ex- 
tension of the University of 
Georgia sponsored the sessions. 

Technical aspects of harvesting 
and marketing the tree crop which 
in Georgia alone yields a $55, 
000,000 a year income, were dis- 
cussed and demonstrated bby fed- 
eral, state and private forestry 
instructors . 

Dean D. J. Weddell, of the Un- 
iversity of Georgia School of 
Forestry, opened the meetings 
with a welcoming address, and 
K. B. Pomeroy, in charge of the 
Lake City Research Center, Lake 
City Fla., reviewed research 
work, both completed and pending, 
which is expected to offer vast- 
ly enlarged future opportunities 
in the naval stores field. 

Cliff Schopmeyer, also of the 
Lake City Research Center, gave 
a brief description of current 
naval stores economics and cited 
market opportunities which face 
today's gum tree farmer. 

An afternoon session on inte- 
grated utilization featured 
talks by Norman Hawley, in charge 
of the South Coastal Plain Re- 
search Center, Cordele: Dorsey 
Dyer, E xten sion Forester, Georgia 
Extension Service, and Mr. 
Pomeroy. 

Mr. Hawly described newest de- 
velopments in silviculture and 
stand improvement. Mr. Dyer 
spoke on ''Diameter Limit vs. 
Selective Cupping,'' and Mr. 
Pomeroy spoke on ' 'Current In- 
come vs. Maximum Return. ' ' 

Another panel discussion fea- 
tured methods of protecting, man- 
aging, and harvesting an inte- 



grated forest crop. S. A. Bout- 
well, Chief Forester, Gair Wood- 
lands, Brunswick; Ha r ley Lang- 
dale Jr., ATFA, Valdosta, and 
Valeen Bennett, of Alma, led the 
discussion. 

Mr. Boutwell described how his 
company has encouraged integra- 
tion of naval stores operations 
with its pulpwood activities and 
pointed out that the additional 
laborers in the woods on naval 
stores operations serve to help 
protect the woods from wildfire. 
(Continued on Page 10) 

Short Course speakers included 
ATFA President Harley Langdale, 
top photo; K. B. Pomeroy of Lake 
City Research Center, middle, 
and D.J. Weddell, Dean of the 
University of Georgia School of 
Forestry, below. 




*7/te R(U4*tdi4fL 



JUNE, 1 954 



Rangers In The News 



Tourists and picknickers stop- 
ping at the new roadside picnic 
park south of Baxley on U. S. 
Highway 1 are well acquainted 
with the Keep Georgia Green 
theme, thanks to the work of 
Appling County Ranger J. L. 
Towns end. 

The Ranger has erected two 
signboards in the park on which 
fire prevention posters are reg- 
ularly placed. The signs are 
changed frequently, as they be- 
come faded from the weather. The 
Unit headquarters are across the 
highway from the park, and when- 
ever picknickers and tourists 
call on Townsend for permission 
to use the water at the head- 
quarters, he also gives them a 
supply of forest fire prevention 
literature. 



''Frequently,'' the Ranger de- 
clared, ''I've received phone 
calls from tourists who have 
been driving along the highways 
and noticed a wildfire. " 





Appling County Ranger J.L. Townsend points out forestry board 
erected at roadside picnic park near Baxley. 



ATTRACTIVE HEADQUARTERS MARKER- -This sign, erected by Dodge 
County Ranger J. D. Beauchamp, points out the location of the Unit 
headquarters. Posts and crosspieces are of red cedar. 



Fifteen 4-H girls who recently 
visited the fire tower of the 
Clarke County Forestry Unit were 
treated to far more than a ' 'dry 
run' ' of forest fire detection. 
While Patrolman Clifford C. 
Clarke and Tower-woman Allene 
Barnes were showing the girls 
operation of the tower, Mrs. 
Barnes detected a smoke. A s 
the girls looked on, she deter- 
mined the location of the fire, 
and Patrolman Clark sped off 
to extinguish the flames. The 
fire was confined to four acres 
of land, two in woodlands and 
two in sagebrush. 




DODGE COUNTY 



FORESTRY UNIT 



£ HEADQUARTERS 



*t CEORG» gJSJISioN 
"PHONE 2033*33 







J.C. Turner, District Forester, Georgia Forestry Commission, top 
photo, addresses opening session. Marianne Gillis, of Soperton, 
center, left, describes what the 4-H Clubs offer to youth in fores- 
try. James W. Cruikshank, center, right, tells of the trends in 
Georgia' s timber supply. Officers of the Georgia Chapter, Society 
of American Foresters, below, are, left to right, H. E. Ruark, 
Georgia Forestry Commission, Chairman; Sam Lyle, Union Bag and 
Paper Corporation, Secretary, and L. T. Newsome, Interstate Land 
and Improvement Company, Vice Chairman. 




Meeting--- 

(Continued from Page 2) 

''Youth In Forestry" was the 
topic on which both Marianne 
Gillis, of Soperton and Frank 
Hardee, freshman, University of 
Georgia, spoke on the morning 
of the second day's session. 
Miss Gillis and Mr. Hardee out- 
lined their experience in 4-H 
Club work. 

James W. Cruikshank, South- 
eastern Forest Experiment Sta- 
tion discussed ' 'Trends in Geor- 
gia's Timber Supply.'' 

' 'During an 18 year period, ' ' 
he said, ' 'Georgia has more than 
doubled its annual production of 
lumber. Pulpwood production 

jumped from two hundred thou- 
sand cords in 1937 to two and 
one-half million cords in 1952. 
Georgia now produces more pulp- 
"wood and softwood lumber than 
any other state in the South. 

''During these 18 years, over 
12 million acres of forest land 
have been put under organized 
fire protection. Pine trees 

have been planted on more than 
300,000 acres. Forest indus- 
tries have bought hundreds of 
acres of forest land for growing 
timber. Naval stores practices 
have also improved. ' ' 

Frank Hood, meterologist, 
Weather Bureau, Asheville, N. C. 
explained fire weather measuring 
instruments, the influence of 
weather on fire occurrence, and 
weather forecasts. ' 'Tree Im- 
provement at Ida Cason Gardens" 
was discussed by James T. Greene. 

Governor Herman Talmadge was 
speaker at a joint luncheon of 
the groups. He said that Geor- 
gia now ranks first in the na- 
tion among the states in the 
number of acres of timberland 
under organized fire protection. 

' 'The forests of Georgia con- 
stitute the state's greatest re- 
newable resource. Two out of 
every three acres in Georgia are 
forestland, ' ' the governor said, 
''and Georgia has made immense 
strides in the nursery production 
of seedlings. 






JUNE, 1954 



10 



Trailer Unit- 

(Continued from. Page 3) 
As the vehicle is transported 
to various counties, County 
Forest Rangers will set up tem- 
porary headquarters in the 
trailer, which will be parked in 
a place designed to assure large 
crowds. The Unit's fire sup- 
pression vehicles will be parked 
nearby, and, through use of the 
trailer two-way FM radio, all 
dispatching of vehicles will be 
made from the trailer as the 
public looks on. 

Forestry films and 35 mm. 
slides will be shown at night. 
Colorful fire prevention, re- 
forestation, and management 
posters and pamphlets will be 
displayed inside, as will a 
forestry display featuring ser- 
vices offered by the Georgia 
Forestry Commission. 




0. 



*«> > 



^A^r^ 



1,800 Sawmills- 

[Continued from Page 3) 

District 7, Bartow, 23; Cat- 
oosa, 12> Chattooga, 12! Chero- 
kee, 22; Cobb, 10; Dade, 17; 
Floyd, 29; Gilmer, 30; Gordon, 
1« Haralson, 19! Murray, 24; 
Paulding, 21: Pickens, 10! Polk, 
15: Walker, 29; Whitfield, 21- 

District 8, Appling, 18; At- 
kinson, 5; Bacon, 16! Berrien, 
20; Brantley, 6; Camden, 7; 
Charlton, 9; Coffee, 7; Glynn, 
3; Lanier, 5; Lowndes, 8; Pierce, 
7; Ware, 16 1 Wayne, 6. 

District 9, Banks, 13! Barrow, 
8; Dekalb, 6; Dawson, 9; Fannin, 
28! Forsyth, 13! Franklin, 15! 
Gwinnett, 28; Hall, 50; Jackson, 
20; Lumpkin, 20; Rabun, 12! 
Stephens, 21! Towns, 7; Union, 
13; White, 30. 

District 10. Clarke 8; Col- 
umbia, 4; Elbert, 14; Greene, 
15! Hart, 14! Lincoln, 13! Madi- 
son, 11; McDuffie, 10! Morgan 
20; Oconee, 7; Oglethorpe, 10! 
Richmond, 12! Taliaferro, 3; 
Walton, 21! Warren, 7; Wilkes, 
19- 

Although the Directory is the 
latest compiled, some changes 
have been made in some of the 
counties since the information 
was gathered and submitted for 
the report. 



FUTURE RANGERS LEARN PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE- -Students in Prof. 
G. Norman Bishop' s class at the University of Georgia School of 
Forestry learn details of vehicle preventive maintenance from J. C. 
Turner, District Forester, Georgia Forestry Commission, and Armand 
Cote, Clarke County Ranger. The Clark Unit's power wagon serves as 
the "guinea pig," 

Collection — 2-Day Course— 



(Continued from. Page 7) 

work of experienced ''pickers.'' 
''Any County Forest Ranger,'' 
he declared, ''can, in the matter 
of a few moments, point out to 
the novice cone collector how 
to distinguish between good and 
poor cones and the three species 
of cokes. Newly harvest areas 
often provide a heavy supply of 
cones, but many collectors rig 
up 'home made contraptions' of 
knoves attached to bamboo poles 
and gather cokes from the up- 
right tree.'' 

Cones are sent to Commission 
warehouses at Baxley and Macon, 
where they are dried and the 
winged seeds processed. 

Additional information on 
gathering cones can be obtained 
by writing the Georgia Forestry 
Commission, State Capitol, Atl- 
anta, your County Forest Ranger, 
or District Office of the Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission. 



(Continued from Page 7) 

Mr. Bennett hearkened back to 
the early days of technical 
forestry in Georgia and re- 
minded the group when forest 
products was the only crop 
yielding depression-ridden far- 
mers a farm income . 

Prof. G. N. Bishop, naval 
stores professor at the Univer- 
sity of Georgia School of Fores- 
try, served as moderator of the 
two panel discussions. 

The second day's meeting open- 
ed with an illustrated discus- 
sion of the fundamentals of gum 
flow by Mr. Schopmyer. 



The meeting ended with a visit 
to demonstrations areas marked for 
various types of utilization and 
management. Mr. Dyer and Mr. 
Brightwell headed the tour. 




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GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Editorial 



Preserving Our Forest Wealth 

( From the Valdosta Daily Times) 



Georgia is making gratifying 
strides in its reforestation pro- 
gram and results being obtained 
are paying off in a big way. Qir 
forests make up one of our major 
resources, and year after year 
cash returns from forest products 
are adding immensely to the wealth 
of our state. 

The 1954-55 production goal is 
112,000,000 seedlings in the four 
forest tree seedling nurseries under 
under the management of the Georgia 
Forestry Ccmnission. 

That number will be the greatest 
ever produced in a single season in 
Georgia - or by state nurseries in 
any Southern state. 

Orders for the 1954-55 season 
seedlings are now being accepted 
by the Camdssion's nursery depart- 
ment. Order blanks are being sup- 
plied by county rangers, county 
agents, soil conservationists and 
the Atlanta office of the Forestry 
Ccmnission. 



Landowners who expect to set out 
seedlings this season are being urged 
to place their orders as soon as 
possible so as to insure getting 
their needs supplied. 

Not many years ago little attention 
was paid to reforestation. Sawmill 
operators and other users of timber 
simply went into an acreage and cut 
it clean, with little or no regard 
to future growth. Today the picture 
is changed and selective cutting is 
the general practice. This change 
in operation, together with the 
planting of millions of seedlings 
each year is rebuilding our forest 
wealth in a rapid way. 

Landowners are coming to the reali- 
zation that there is a continuing 
source of income in their forests 
if they are handled properly. 

Georgia ranks high in its forest 
resources and indications are that 
approved forestry practices will 
continue in the future. 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

Vol. 7 July, 1954 No. 7 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 

Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Varn, Chairman Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo 

John M. McElrath Macon H. 0. Cummings Donalsonville 

Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

* * • * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

* * * * 

DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 

DISTRICT I— Route 2, DISTRICT VI— P. O. Box 505, 

Statesboro Milledgeville 

DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Camilla Rome 

DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, DISTRICT VIII— P. 0. Box 811, 

Americus Waycross 

DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

Newnan Gainesville 

DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 

McRae Washington 



( From the Atlanta Journal) 

Farmers down in Dougherty 
County are putting cigaret light- 
ers on their tractors to help 
eliminate forest fires caused 
by carelessly tossed matches. 

Women's clubs up in Stephens 
County are encouraging folks to 
build compost piles. They aim 
to cut down on burning debris - 
which frequently gets out of 
hand and destroys timber. 

These, and many other good 
suggestions for preventing woods 
fires, were offered Georgians 
last week as results were an- 
nounced in the Georgia Forestry 
Association's fire prevention 
contest. Not only Stephens 

County - winner in the contest - 
but also many other counties 
came up with pointers for keep- 
ing Georgia green. 

Explorer Boy Scouts in Marion 
County are organized for emer- 
gency fire fighting. Barrow 
County tractor owners are pledged 
to fight fires with their 

machines on a moment's notice. 
Bankers of Barrow are trying to 
impress upon their customers 
the economic importance of trees. 

When all Georgians concentrate 
on preventing fires, as the peo- 
ple of some counties have, every- 
body will profit by a ' ' greener' ' 
Georgia. 



Qua G&u&i 



Pictured are three of the prin- 
cipal insect enemies of the 
Southern Pines. Just to bolster 
your ego in case you were right, 
or to show the distinguishing 
characteristics in case you were 
not sure, the correct identifi- 
cations are, left to right: the 
PINE ENGRAVER BEETLE ( IPS Spp. ); 
The BLACK TLRPENTINE BEETLE 
(Dendroctonus terebrans (01 iv. ) ; 

and the SOUTHERN PINE BEETLE 
(Dendroctonus frontalis Zimm. ) 



JULY, 1954 



Four Counties 
Establish New 
Forestry Units 

Four additional counties start- 
ed operation of County Forestry 
Units this month, and another 
county will join the protected 
ranks October 1. 

The four counties which estab- 
lished new forestry units are 
Miller, Pulaski, Banks and Wash- 
ington. 

Bleckley County will establish 
a Unit October 1. 

'"These five counties,'' re- 
ported Commission Director Guy ton 
DeLoach, "will bring to a total 
of 20,108,762 acres the total 
area of Georgia forestland acres 
under protection of organized 
units of the Georgia Forestry 
Comnission. This means that 

89.4 percent of all Georgia's 
state and private forestland now 
is under protection. ' ' 

Hugh P. Allen, District Fores- 
ter, District 2, said equipment 
for Miller County will include a 
transport and tractor, equipped 
with plow. 

Turner Barber, District Fores- 
ter, District 5, said equipment 
for Pulaski County will include 
a two ton truck, a pickup, and a 
tractor and plow. 

David Groom, District Forester, 
District 6, said Washington 
County's equipment will include 
two jeeps equipped with plows, 
two two- ton trucks, and two 
tractors equipped with plows. 

0. C. Burtz, District Forester, 
District 9, stated that the 
Banks County Unit will be oper- 
ated under contract to the Hall 
County Unit. Headquarters will 
be transferred from Gainesville 
to Lula. A tractor and plow and 
a truck will be added to Hall 
County's current equipment. 

Details of the Bleckley County 
Forestry Unit formation have not 
yet been completed. 

Director DeLoach added that the 
Georgia Forestry Commission will 
erect forest fire lookout towers 
in all five counties at no cost 
to the counties. 

Each unit, he reported, will be 
equipped with two-way FM radio 
communication. 



Charlton And Burke Top 
3 Million Planting Mark 



Two Georgia counties, Charlton 
and Burke, topped the three mil- 
lion mark in reforestation dur- 
ing the 1953-54 planting season; 
and five counties, Jenkins, Low- 
ndes, Decatur, Dodge, Taylor, 
and Crawford, passed the two 
million mark. 

Figures taken from the Georgia 
Forestry Commission's recently 
released planting season report 
showed these seven counties led 
the list and contributed sub- 
stantially toward Georgia's lead- 
ing all other states in refor- 
estation during the past season. 

The past season, with its dis- 
tribution of 94,991,475 seedlings 
also marked the greatest number 
of seedlings ever to be produced 
by one state in a single season. 

The 15 leading counties and 
their total production are as 
follows: Charlton, 3,132,000; 
Burke, 3,128,100; Jenkins, 2, 
465,000; Lowndes, 3,328,400; 
Decatur, 2,315,000; Dodge, 2, 
279,500; Taylor, 2,069,000; Craw- 
ford, 2,015,450; Wilcox, 1,995, 
500; Jefferson, 1,871,500; Cam- 
den, 1,856,000; Telfair; Mcin- 
tosh, 1,757,300; Wheeler, 1,717, 
500; and Emanuel, 1,864,200. 



Individual nursery shipments 
accounted for 24,299,750 from 
Davisboro nursery; 28,197,075 
from Herty Nursery; 19,059,700 
from High tower, and 23,434,950 
from Horseshoe Bend. 

Slash and Loblolly Pine con- 
tinued to dominate the field in 
planting, with 67,241,425 Slash 
planted and 24,539,000 Loblolly. 
Georgians planted 922,100 Long- 
leaf Pine and 80,500 Shortleaf 
Pine last season. Other species 
and the number of them produced 
include Black Locust, 19,100; Red 
Cedar, 202,650; Arizona Cypress, 
259,600; Yellow Poplar, 62,550, 
and White Pine, 66,625. 

The following is a list of the 
total number of seedlings shipped 
to each county, although not 
necessarily the number planted 
in that county. The listings 
are made by Forestry Districts. 

District 1: Bryan, 438,500; 
Bulloch, 399,500; Burke, 3,128, 
100; Candler, 415,500; Chatham, 
445 , 000 ; Mcintosh , 1 , 747 , 300 ; 
Effingham, 384,000; Emanuel; 
1,684,200; Evans, 188,500; Jen- 
kins, 2 ,465, 000; Liberty, 42,000; 
Long, 580,000; Screven, 602,500; 
Tattnall, 320,500. 



(Continued on Page 10) 
The young crop of growing seedlings requires constant attention. 
Nursery workers, below, are shown weeding out plants that could 
do serious damage to the Davisboro Nursery crop. More than 25 
million seedlings were shipped from Davisboro last year. 







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W. P. Neal, Vocational Ag Teacher, and Holland right photo Ware works with the kiln he uses to 
Ware examine a boring from a tree in a recently produce cnarcoal. He makes charcoal from small 
thinned stand in upper left photo. In upper unmarketable hardwoods. 

QQA 4o*ed>uf, Champ. JloUa+td lite** 



In the last two years Holland 
Ware, 17, has helped fight more 
than a hundred forest fires in 
Troup, Heard, Coweta and Meri- 
wether counties with his own 
equipment . 

The Hogansville Future Farmer 
has invested his savings in 133 
acres of woodland, and he has 
taken the initiative in properly 
managing and protecting from 
fire the timber on a 5,000 acre 
tract of family property. 

As a result of his efforts 
young Ware has won the 1954 
state FFA forestry award offer- 
ed by the Seaboard Air Line 
railroad in cooperation with the 
State Department of Education. 
He and his teacher of vocational 
agriculture, W. P. Neal, will 
receive S125 each to defray 
their expenses to the national 
FFA convention in Kansas City 
next October. 

Other Seaboard forestry award 
winners are Edwyn McDaniel, 
Glenwood, $50; Tommy Long, Bain- 
bridge, $30; and Harry Todd, 
Folks ton j $20. 

Two years ago the young farmer 
was given a jeep by his grand- 
father, R. M. Ware. He equipped 



it with $700 worth of fire- fight- 
ing apparatus including a plow, 
hydraulic lift, two back pumps, 
a backfire torch and other 
smaller tools. 

' 'Then I sat down and wrote a 
letter to our neighbors telling 
them I'd be glad to help them 
fight their fires without any 
charge," he recalls. He has 
worked closely with the local 
forest fire protection unit, 
often notifies the tower of fires 
which are first reported to him. 

During the peak season for for- 
est fires the Hogansville lad 
makes a daily tour of the Wares' 
5,000 acres, often driving up to 
40 miles. Since he started the 
practice in 1952 there has been 
only one fire on the property 
and it was confined to five 
acres. 

The award winner says that he 
became interested in forestry 
while studying vocational agri- 
culture in the ninth grade. 
Subsequently, he has attended 
two summer FFA forestry camps. 

With money that he made col- 
lecting scrap iron and working 
in a bedspread plant during the 
summers, Ware bought his first 



100 acres. Later, he added 33 
acres for only $150 ''because it 
had just been burned over.'' On 
these lands he has planted 15, 000 
pines and plowed firebreaks. 

McDaniel is managing- in par- 
tnership with his father, J. N. 
McDaniel, 160 acres of woodland 
on which during the four years 
of the partnership they've 
planted 38,700 slash pines, 
worked 5,000 gum faces, plowed 
three miles of firebreaks; cut 
in improvement thinnings 75 units 
of pulpwood, 200 fence posts 
and 150,000 feet of lumber. 

The Glenwooa youth, also 17, 
collected 25 bushels of slash 
cones for seed and constructed 
a fire rake and flap to use in 
event of fire in the forest. 

Tommy Long who has just fin- 
ished his junior year at Bain- 
bridge High has 100 acres in his 
forestry project on which he 
has planted 80,000 seedlings 
during the last three years. He 
has plowed and maintains almost 
four miles of firebreaks. 



JULY, 1954 



Disease And 4i Gauntlet Commended 
Insect Book 4?o* 4fc*e £aid Reduction 



Release of a new publication, 
''Forest Diseases and Insects of 
Georgia's tree,'' was announced 
this month by the Georgia Fores- 
try Commission. 

Extensively illustrated with 
detailed photographs and draw- 
ings, the 40-page booklet was 
designed to provide helpful in- 
formation to the forester, the 
fores tl and owner, and the home 
owner. 




kttKsfo?" '* 






v Forest jj 
Diseases f 

and 

Insects 



Of GEORGIA'S TREES 



Three University of Georgia 
professors wrote the publication. 
They are L.W.R. Jackson, School 
of Forestry; G. E. Thompson, 
Department of Plant Pathology, 
H. 0. Lund, Department of Ento- 
mology. 

Purpose of the book is to de- 
scribe the most common diseases 
and insects that attack trees 
in various stages of growth - 
from seedlings in nurseries to 
mature trees in both planted and 
natural stands. Recommendations 
are given for the control of 
these diseases and insects. 

References also are made to 
diseases and insect pests of 
shade and ornamental trees. 



Forty-one of the state's 131 
Forestry Units have received of- 
ficial commendations from the 
Georgia Forestry Commission for 
11 outstanding service in combat- 
ting forest fires and for drives 
that have reduced fire loss.'' 

The counties have been se- 
lected for the ''Less than One- 
Fourth of One Percent Club.'' a 
select group composed of County 
Forestry Units which have held 
the yearly fire loss in their 
respective counties to less than 
% of one percent of the total 
forest acreage. 

Units, recognized for their 
forest fire control achievements, 
their Rangers, and the percent- 
age of forest land loss includes 
the following: 

Bryan, G. B. Williams .143 

Brooks, E. J. Hall .239 
Chattahoochee, J.W. Wright, Jr. .025 

Macon, Chesley Gilmore .185 

Marion, John O'Donnell .221 

Stewart, H. L. Branyan .088 

Taylor, Austin Guinn .151 

Truetlen, H. M. Sweat .209 

Wheeler, Alston Cherry .212 

Cherokee, E. L. Rolan .125 



The boofc points out forest 
diseases and insect pests as two 
of the forces ' 'which work con- 
tinuously to destroy standing 
timber and reduce the value of 
woodlands and forest products.'' 
The annual loss from insect and 
disease attacks is discussed, 
and the elimination of the im- 
mensely valuable chestnut from 
the forests by an uncontrollable 
disease is cited as an example 
of a species destroyed by a for- 
est disease. 

Copies may be obtained from 
the Georgia Forestry Commission, 
State Capitol, Atlanta, or from 
the Georgia Extension Service, 
Athens. 



Gilmer, J. L. Dover .113 

Gordon, J. C. McDearis .232 

Murray, J. W. Jackson .219 

Polk, J. J. Carter .175 

Whitfield, C. V. Bramlett .235 

Baldwin, Elmer Meeks .067 

Jasper, M. O. McMichael .116 

Jones, E. T. Carnes .074 

Monroe, W. W. Jackson. .135 

Putnam, Dick Lynch .039 

Brantley, Avery Strickland .075 

Camden, C. W. Neill .170 
Consolidated - TPO, D. T. Spells .180 

Pierce, R. C. James .197 

Wayne, W. G. Morris .139 

Barrow, George Bower .108 

Eranklin, Harold Payne .106 

Gwinnett, Roy Thomas .204 

Habersham, W. A. DeMore .052 

Hall, C. T. Cantrell, Jr. .207 

Jackson, James McElhannon .191 

Lumpkin, Bill Littlefield .070 

Stephens, Owen J. Dean .107 

Rabun, N. B. Alter .039 

Clarke, Armand J. Cote .134 

Elbert, Albert M. Mooney .062 

Greene, H. E. Moore . 160 

Lincoln, W. H. Dawkins .174 

Oglethorpe, John F. Lott .068 

Walton, W. D. Palmer .165 

Wilkes, T. H. Bullard .030 

Guy ton DeLoach, Director of the 
Commission, gave this praise in 
tendering a commendation to each 
Forester or Ranger heading the 
respective Forestry Unit, and 
stated that ' ' in keeping the 
forestland loss from wildfire to 
less than one-quarter of an acre 
out of every one- hundred wood- 
land acres protected by your For- 
estry Unit, you have, with the 
cooperation of the citizens of 
your county, performed an out- 
standing service to your com- 
munity and to your state. ' ' 

''This record,' DeLoach con- 
tinued, ''is evidence of the 
consistent, diligent, and effec- 
tive work performed by you and 
your associates in the Forestry 
Unit, and proves that through a 
cooperative spirit, the citizens 
of each Georgia county can over- 
come the forest fire hazard that 
constantly threatens our valua- 
ble timber lands. ' ' 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Annual 4-H Forestry Camp 
Held At Laura Walker Park 



A full roster of forestry in- 
struction ranging from naval 
stores operations to wildfire 
suppression highlighted the re- 
cent annual South Georgia 4-H 
Forestry Camp at Laura Walker 
State Park. 

Fifteen foresters were present 
to instruct more than 100 South 
Georgia 4-H members in latest 
forest managment practices. 

The boys, who earned the trip 
to the 4-H camp through work ac- 
complished in- forestry projects, 
studied fire control, tree iden- 
tification, reforestation, thinn- 
ing, conditions affecting tree 
growth, mensuration, and har- 
vesting and marketing. 

Two educational demonstrations, 
one on naval stores and the other 
on the use and care of saws, 
were seen by the 4-H boys. On 
a tour of the Union Bag and 
Paper Corporation plant at Sav- 
annah they witnessed the drama 
of ' ' trees to paper . ' ' 

J. J. Armstrong, manager of 
Union Bag's woodlands division, 
was one of the featured speakers 
at the camp. Other speakers in- 
cluded W. A. Sutton, state 4-H 
Club leader, Guyton DeLoach, 
director of the Georgia Forestry 
Commission, and Walter S. Brown, 

4-H CAMP SCENES- -Guy ton DeLoach, top photo, 
Director, Georgia Forestry Commission, receives 
plaque in recognition of his service to 4-H. 
James Jarrett presents plaque. Holt Stokes, Early 
County, and Charles Graham, Dodge County, center 
photo, plant seedlings. Jim Spiers, below, left, 



associate director of the Agri- 
cultural Extension Service. 

Instructors for the five-day 
event were George W. Lavinder, 
District Forester, Georgia For- 
estry Commission; H. W. Williams, 
Jr., Assistant District Fores- 
ter, Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion; Horace Collier, Assistant 
District Forester, Georgia For- 
estry Commission; William J. 
Schultz, Conservation Forester, 
Union Bag; L. A. McDonough, For- 
ester, Union Bag. 

J. F. Spiers, Forester, Central 
of Georgia Bailroad; Howard J. 
Doyle, Conservation Forester, 
Southern Pulpwood Conservation 
Association; C. 0. Brown, Sand- 
vik Saw and Tool Company; D. Q. 
Harris, county agent, Telfair 
County; B. S. Booth, district 
ranger, Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion; Frank Eadie, Assistant 
District Forester, Georgia For- 
estry Commission; 

Bobert H. Tift, Conservation 
Forester, Union Bag; Charles T. 
Shea, Area Forester, Naval Stores 
Conservation Program; E. L. Mol- 
pus, Fire Control Forester, 
Union Bag, and Nelson Bright- 
well, Assistant Forester, Agri- 
cultural Extension Service. 




Central of Georgia Railroad Forester, and L. A. 
McDonough, Forester, Union Bag and Paper Corp., 
teach mensuration class. Frank Eadie, below, right, 
Assistant District Forester, Georgia Forestry 
Commission, shows Holt Stokes and Charles Graham 
operation of the back pump. 




JULY, 1954 



"Lowly Scrub Oak And Black Jack" 



Succetefed Sattte ^>et*ty pouy6t 



A successful battle against 
one of the most persistent ene- 
mies of the commercial forest - 
the lowly scrub oak and black 
jack - is being carried on in an 
extensive tri-county West Georgia 
area by the Interstate Land and 
Improvement Company. 

The battle began in 1951 and 
extends over much of a 50 by 20 
mile area - called by some ' ' the 
scrub oak desert'' - from Box 
Springs in Talbot County to Rey- 
nolds in Taylor Countyi. 

Interstate 's program in this 
area, according to the firm's 
District Forester for the region, 
Ross H. Bates, consists of far 
more than a routine hardwood 
eradication program. 

''Instead,'' says Mr. Bates, 
''we're carrying on nearly half 
a dozen hardwood eradication 
programs at one time - all de- 
signed to determine with final- 
ity which program will be best 
from an over-all standpoint of 
time, expense, and labor. 

The District Forester explained 
that when final data is compiled 
on the test areas and the best 
hardwood eradication method is 
determined, that method will 
serve as the model for all other 
Interstate lands in need of such 
work. 

Old time settlers in Talbot 
County still hearken back to the 
day when the current ' ' scrub 
oak desert'' was a land of tow- 
ering virgin Longleaf Pines, 
many of them of tremendous girth 
by today's standards. 

Sawmilling operations and un- 
checked wildfires took their 
toll, however, and today's vast 
area of scrub oak and black jack 
is the result. 

''Cue problem," District Ran- 
ger Parker Wimberly added, ' is 
to get that land back into pro- 
duction. 

Bates and Wimberly have super- 
vised the clearing of sic plots. 
On one area, which covers five 
acres, workers used a crawler 



tractor 4.5 hours on the first 
cutting. Workers girled approx- 
imately 150 trees too large for 
the tractor to knock down. The 
area will be burned to control 
the fire. 

On another five -acre plot the 
trees were girled, a proces re- 
quiring six man hours, The area 
already had been planted to 
Slash Pine. Another plot was 
harrowed and girdled. Brush was 
piled and burned. 

Hardwood eradication is only 
the initial step in the over-all 
Interstate program. Reforesta- 
tion is the next big step, and 
since the fall of 1951, the com- 
pany has planted nearly a mil- 
lion and a half slash pine seed- 
lings on its scrub oak land. 
Next fall and winter another 
850,000 seedlings will be plant- 
ed. 

Ross H. Bates, top photo, Dis- 
trict Forester, Interstate Land 
and Development Co., inspects a 
tree that has been killed by 
girdling. Parker Wimberly, cen- 
ter photo, District Ranger for 
Interstate, stands beside a plot 
which has been harrowed and 
burned to kill undesirable hard- 
woods. In photo below, Ranger 
Wimberly, Talbot County Ranger 
Curtis Wiggins, and District For- 
ester Bates stand on an area 
which will be planted to slash 
pine next fall. 






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GEORGIA FORESTRY 



FFA School Forest Awards Announced 



Selection of the Soperton, 
Baxley, Homerville and Camilla 
chapters for state and district 
awards in the FFA school forest 
program has been announced by 
T. G. Walters, state supervisor 
of agricultural education. 

Soperton, runner-up to Spring- 
field in 1953, wins the Southeast 
Georgia district and state awards. 
The chapter will receive $175, 
and H. H. Glisson, teacher of 
vocational agriculture, will get 
an additional $100. 

Homerville chapter, second in 
the state and first in the South- 
west Georgia district, will re- 
ceive a $75 award with £ like 
amount going to Adviser Joe 
Brooks. 

Baxley and Camilla, second in 
their respective districts, will 
receive $50. The vo-ag tea- 

chers in each school will get an 
additional $50. They are A. R. 
Tuten, Baxley; E. G. Ford, and 
Leroy Thomas, Camilla. 

Sponsored jointly by the State 
Department of Education and the 
Union Bag and Paper Corporation, 
Savannah, 10- acre school forests 
are being maintained by voca- 
tional agriculture students in 
48 South Georgia high schools. 
Objective of the program is to 
point up the importance of trees 



as a farm crop, and give Future 
Farmers practical experience in 
good forest management. 

Conservation foresters for 
Union Bag have cooperated with 
vo-ag teachers by helping them 
plan school forests and by giving 
demonstrations on forestry jobs. 

Other schools which were con- 
sidered by the judges for top 
awards were Bainbridge, Lanier 
County High, Waresboro, Nichols, 
Jesup and Jeff Davis County high 
schools. The judges were Cecil 
Clapp, U. S. Forest Service; 
Howard Doyle, forester, Southern 
Pulpwood Conservation Associa- 
tion, and Jack Gilchrist, farm 
editor, the Atlanta Constitution. 

Records of the Soperton chap- 
ter show that its members on 
their home projects plowed al- 
most 25 miles of firebreaks, col- 
lected and sold for seed 1,125 
bushels of pine cones, planted 
31,000 pine seedlings, thinned 
12 acres, and made improvement 
cuttings on 305 acres. 

One of the features of the 
Soperton program was a Forest 
Appreciation Day on which 307 
students and teachers were con- 
ducted on a tour of the FFA 
forest and told about the work 
being done there. 

In one area of the forest, 



tenth graders are working 20 
trees for naval stores, using 
the old wood hack method on half 
the pines and the new bark hack 
with acid treatment on the others. 
Each tree bears the name of a 
grade of rosin so that the Fu- 
ture Farmers will became fami- 
liar with these. 

In another area slash seedling 
have been planted at different 
spacings to observe the rate of 
growth under different condi- 
tions. On two adjacent quarter- 
acre plots, the effect of thin- 
ning is being observed. One 
plot has been thinned, the re- 
maining trees numbered and their 
diameters recorded. On the 

plot trees that should have been 
removed in a thinning operation 
have been banded yellow, all the 
trees numbered and their dia- 
meters recorded. 

During the year the Soperton 
vo-ag classes have made field 
trips to the Horseshoe Bend nur- 
sery operated by the Georgia 
Forestry Commission, to fire 
control towers in Treutlen Coun- 
ty, and to the Knox Lumber Com- 
pany. Harry Sweat, local forest 
ranger, explained to the classes 
methods of spotting and controll- 
ing fires. At the lumber com- 
(Continued on Page 10) 



Soperton High School, second place winner in the 
school forest program last year, is first place 
winner this year. Inspecting last year's second 
place sign in bottom left photo are (left to right) 
H.H. Glisson, Vocational Ag Teacher; J.N. Baker, 
District Supervisor, Vocational Agriculture Depart- 



ment; Howard J. Doyle, Area Forester, SPCA; 
Clapp, U.S. Forest Service; and Russell Co 
Soperton FFA President. In bottom right 
Collins explains some of the work carried 
the Soperton School Forest last year to Mr. 
and T. E. Arnette, Union Bag and Paper Corp. 



Cecil 
1 lins, 
photo 
on in 
Baker 




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^Ue. Roustdufi 



Rangers In The News 




REA subscribers in Wilkinson, 
Laurens, and Twiggs Counties are 
receiving Keep Green appeals 
this sunnier along with their 
Rural Electrification Associa- 
tion magazine, "Live Wire." The 
project is the result of cooper- 
ation between Wilkinson County 
Ranger Herbert Billue and REA 
officials in his area. The 

Ranger supplied the organization 
with Smokey Bear bookmarks and 
blotters, which were inserted in 
the magazine mailed to all REA 
subscribers in the three coun- 
ties. 

The Ranger also instituted 
another I. & E. innovation with 
the supplying of wildfire pre- 
vention appeals to ''rolling 
stores' ' which visit rural areas 
in his county and distribute the 
literature as sales are made in 
various farm houses. 




NEW HEADQUARTERS FOR WHITFIELD COUNTY FORESTRY UNIT--Commission 
personnel at Dalton are very proud of this modern building which 
will serve as their Forestry Unit headquarters. 




Sixteen Rangers from District 7 
recently obtained a first hand 
look at one of the sources of 
their fire suppression plows. 
The 16 men, attending a district 
rangers' meeting at Cedartown, 
were taken on a tour through the 
Rome Plow Company. Counties 

represented were Bartow, Catoosa, 
Chattooga, Cherokee, Cobb, Dade, 
Floyd, Gilmer, Gordon, Haralson, 
Murray, Paulding, Pickens, Wal- 
ker, Whitfield, and Polk. 



Rapid and effective fire sup- 
pression work on the part of 
personnel of the Fulton County 
Forestry Unit recently resulted 
in a written commendation by the 
Rico Civic Club at that county . 

''Inasmuch,'' the club's reso- 
lution declared, ''as a small 
trash fire started by Mr. H. T. 
Smith spread rapidly by a sudden 
high wind on Sunday, March 21, 
through his yard endangering 
his laying houses, and thence 
into his woods beyond control 
endangering the forest of the 
whole community, the Fulton 
County Forest Control at Ben 
Hill was summoned for help, and, 

' 'Inasmuch as the three crew- 
men arrived promptly, and by 
their efficient work gained 



immediate control of the fire. 

' 'Be it resolved that this 
body go on record as commending 
the efficiency of the Fulton 
County Forest Fire system and 
especially the efficiency of 
Ranger Roy Robertson, Assistant 
Patrolmen W. C. Baker and Donald 
Pound in their performance of 
duty in controlling this fire 
promptly and saving the Rico 
community untold loss which would 
have resulted. 

''Be it further resolved that 
copies of this resolution be 
forwarded to the Director of 
the Forestry Commission, the 
Fulton County Commissioners, 
the County Agent, the Fulton 
County Forester and Mr. H. T. 
Smith." 



btUKbIA rUKtbTRY 



Rayonier Holds 
For Cellulose PI 

Formal ceremonies opening the 
mamouth new $25 million Jesup 
plant of Rayonier, Inc. were 
held June 23. Governor Herman 
E. Talmadge was principal speaker 
at the opening festivities. 

The plant employs 450 persons 
in the production of purified 
wood cellulose to be used in the 
manufacture of cellophane, high- 
tenacity rayon yarn, continuous 
filament yarns, staple fiber, 
plastics, acetate sheeting and 
film. Annual capacity of the 
plant will be 87,000 tons. 

Governor Talmadge reported that 
Georgia now ranks among the lead- 
ing states of the nation in the 
pulp and paper industry with 13 

plants either in operation or 
under construction. 

' 'With 13 P u lp ^d paper mills 
either in operation or under 
construction Georgia is one of 
the nation's leaders in this 
great manufacturing field,'' 
Talmadge said. ''Georgia has 
led the South in the production 
of pulpwood and pulp products 
for the past three years and now 
is turning out more than 10 per 
cent of the nation's entire out- 
put, ' ' he said. 

''The Rayonier plant,'' Tal- 
madge continued, ''is an excel- 
lent example of the type of sound 
industry Georgia is eager to 
attract. " 



Formal Opening 
ant In Jesup 

'Timber,'* the governor said, 
''is Georgia's greatest natural 
resource with three of every 
four acres in Georgia devoted to 
it. Recause the state with its 
mild climate and abundant rain- 
fall can produce pulpwood in 12 
years and saw logs in 25 years, 
it is important that Georgians 
encourage the development of in- 
dustry which will utilize it." 
Talmadge said development of 
the timber industry must be co- 
ordinated with a continuing pro- 
gram of conservation. During the 
past few years, he said, Georgia 
has advanced from 46th to first 
among the states in the number 
of privately owned acres of tim- 
ber under organized fire protec- 
tion and the state is producing 
a sufficient number of seedlings 
to meet demands for reforesta- 
tion. 

' 'Georgia is now realizing 
some $600 million every year 
from its forests, an income 
which has doubled since 1948,'" 
he said. ''Knowledge of this 
staggering potential should 
be sufficient for development,'' 
he said. 

The Rayonier plant is one of 
35 new timber industry projects 
began last year totaling over 
$140 million in new capital in- 
vestments in Georgia. 



Attending opening ceremonies were, left to right, left photo, 
Clyde B. Morgan, president, Rayonier, Inc.; William A. Parker, 
board chairman of Rayonier, and John A. Sibley, Trust Company of 
Georgia board chairman. Governor Talmadge, right photo, was 
principal speaker for the occasion. 




Trees Grow Faster Than 





Peeler Logs for the Plywood Mill 




New Editorial Aids Mat Proof 
Book recently . released by the 
American Forest Products Indus- 
tries. 

A4P9 Rdeaiei. 
Mai Pioc-l £o<Ji 

Release of a new Editorial Aids 
Mat Proof Rook, designed espec- 
ially for editors of daily and 
weekly newspapers, was announced 
this month by American Fofest 
Products Industries. 

The 16-page book contains re- 
productions from editorial 
mats on a variety of forestry 
subjects available free of 
charge from the nationwide for- 
estry organizationi. The books 
have been mailed to all daily 
and weekly newspaper editors in 
the state. 

Photographs, news articles, 
illustrations and fillers are 
among the materials available in 
mat form. One of the new fea- 
tures available is a one column 
illustrated filler entitled, 
''Facts About Forests.'' 

Another new feature is an 11" 
strip series of a new cartoon 
portraying the adventures of 
Woody, popular cartoon character 
who acts as representative of 
the forest industries. 

Forestry topics covered in the 
publication include reforesta- 
tion, fire prevention, farm for- 
estry, wood preservation, timber 
and wildfire, forestry as a car- 
eer, and forest industries. 



Planting — 



(Continued from Page 2) 



District 2: Baker, 617,500; 
Brooks, 471,000; Calhoun, 846, 
000; Clay, 264,000; Colquitt, 
131,700; Cook, 42,600; Decatur, 
2,315,500; Dougherty, 1,595,000; 
Early, 246,925; Grady, 335,500; 
Miller, 168,500; Mitchell, 996, 
500; Seminole, 591,100; Thomas, 
1,143,250; Tift, 270,500; Worth, 
381,800. 

District 3: Chattahoochee, 
216,000; Crisp, 685,000; Dooly, 
292,500; Lee 890,500; Macon, 
338,200; Marion, 977,500; Mus- 
cogee, 200,500; Quitman, 82,800; 
Randolph, 1,279,200; Schley, 
220,500; Stewart, 1,333,500; 
Sumter, 809,650; Talbot, 905,000; 
Taylor, 2,069,000; Terrell, 591; 
300; Webster, 1,232,300. 

District 4: Butts, 158,500; 
Carroll, 404,000; Clayton, 16, 
000; Coweta, 519,500; Douglas, 
134,000; Fayette, 263,575;Harris, 
105,500; Heard, 231,000; Henry, 
109,000; Lamar, 62,200; Meriwe- 
ther, 445,000; Newton, 107,000; 
Pike, 135,500; Rockdale, 9,000; 
Spalding, 95,750; Troup, 551, 
000; Upson, 524,600; 

District 5: Ben Hill, 1,156, 
150; Bleckley, 508,400; Dodge, 
2,279,500; Houston, 168,400; 
Irwin, 504,000; Jeff Davis, 585, 
600; Laurens, 1,444,600; Montgo- 
mery, 512,100; Pulaski, 274,000; 
Telfair, 1,790,700; Toombs, 450, 
900; Treutlen, 494,500; Turner, 
437,000; Wheeler, 1,717,500; 
Wilcox, 1,995,500. 

District 6: Baldwin, 368,500; 
Bibb, 174,000; Crawford, 2,015, 
450; Glascock, 157,000; Jasper, 
605,500; Hancock, 290,000; Jef- 
ferson, 1,871,500; Johnson, 397; 
000; Jones, 78,000; Monroe, 548, 
000; Peach, 236,250; Putnam, 
42,000; Twiggs, 188,000; Wash- 
ington, 601,600; Wilkinson, 77, 
000. 

District 7: Bartow, 460,000; 
Catoosa, 9,500; Chattooga, 372, 
000; Cherokee, 94,500; Cobb, 
107,000; Floyd, 220,500; Gilmer, 
120,000; Gordon, 159,500; Haral- 
son, 99,500; Murray, 1,316,000; 
Paulding, 430,000; Pickens, 55, 
000; Polk, 148,500; Walker, 112, 
500; Whitfield, 1,431,000. 




NEW DISTRICT HEADQUARTERS- -District Office personnel of District 

4, Georgia Forestry Commission, now are established in this newly 
constructed headquarters. The building is located on U.S. Highway 
29 two miles south of Newnan. 



District 8: Appling, 688,600; 
Atkinson, 396,800; Bacon, 928, 
500; Berrien, 74,000; Brantley, 
1,357,000; Camden, 1,586,000; 
Charlton, 3,132,000; Clinch, 
722,000; Coffee, 323,000; Echols, 
391,000; Glynn, 856,000; Lanier, 
341,000; Lowndes, 2,328,400; 
Pierce, 771,500; Ware, 509,000; 
Wayne, 943,000; 



District 9: Banks, 61,500; 
Barrow, 167,450; Dawson, 178, 
500; Dekalb, 125,000; Fannin, 
14,000; Franklin, 85,500; For- 
syth, 184,300; Gwinnett, 153,000; 
Habersham, 379,500; Hall, 183, 
500; Jackson, 157,250; Lumpkin, 
55,500; Rabun, 18,000; Stephens, 
151,000; White, 95,500. 



District 10: Clarke, 752,650; 
Columbia, 155,700; Elbert, 526, 
150; Greene, 889,000; Hart, 90, 
500; Lincoln 115,000; Madison, 
127,300; MdDuffie, 312,000; Mor- 
gan, 93,500; Oconee, 55,000; 
Oglethorpe, 424,000; Richmond, 
1,618,500; Taliaferro, 48,000; 
Walton, 130,000; Warren, 43,500; 
Wilkes, 451, 60C. 



FFA Awards— 

(Continued from Page 7) 

pany, the boys scaled logs and 
learned to measure lumber in a 
log by using the Doyle, Scribner 
and International log rules. 

Sam Lyle, conservation fores- 
ter for Union Bag, and R. E. 
Almond of International Pulp and 
Paper Company helped Mr. Gl isson 
set up plots to give classes 
experience in curising timber 
and marking trees for thinning. 
Every Future Farmer at Soperton 
made and learned to use a bilt- 
more stick. 

Out of the 51 FFA members at 
Homerville only 20 who are ele- 
venth and twelfth grade students 
have studied forestry jobs this 
year and worked in the school 
forest.. The plan for the dem- 
onstration area was developed 
by Mr. Brooks, J. B. Cliff, 
Clinch County soil conserva- 
tionist; and Bill Schultz, Union 
Bag conservation forester. It 
calls for seven plots to show 
reforestation and timber growth 
under different conditions, and 
it has been put into operation 
by the Future Farmers under Mr. 
Brooks' direction. 




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COUNTY FORESTRY PROGRAMS 
1944 




August, 1954 



03 
v.7,no.8 



ORESTRY 




LIBRARIES 



/ GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION 

Forestry Districts 




COUNTY FORESTRY PROGRAMS 
1954 



rf ^Decode o£ ^noyiete 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



CaitoriaL 

Forest Fires Know No Season 



( From the B 

Forest fires know no season. 

We think of extended dry spells 
as being the periods when we 
should be most careful of forest 
fires. 

The threat to our forest re- 
serves by fires is with us con- 
stantly. 

Damage to trees is much greater 
in the spring and summer months 
after growth has started. Wood- 
lands permitted to burn over at 
this time suffer a terrific set- 
back. Tree growth is retarded 
for a period of three to five 
years. Trees scarred by fires 
are readily attacked by disease 
and insects which destroy more 
timber annually than is destroy- 
ed by fire. Young seedlings, our 
future timber, are destroyed 
without a chance. The forest 
floor is swept clean of the 
litter mulch that serves as a 
sponge to absorb the excessive 
rainfall which controls runoff, 
preventing floods and droughts. 
All of this spells destruction 
for the forests of Bulloch county 
and Georgia. 

During the month of April, 20 
fires were reported in our county, 



ulloch Herald) 

resulting in damage to 386 acres 
of forestland. 

And here's what hurts. Ninety- 
nine per cent of these fires 
were caused by the carelessness 
of people. 

If people start fires, it is 
logical to assume that they can 
prevent fire. 

We ask the citizens of our 
county to join in an all out 
drive to stamp out woods fires. 

Follow these simple fire pre- 
vention rules: 

When burning brush plow a good 
wide fire break around the area 
in which the burning is to take 
place. 

Have plenty of help, tools and 
water available and burn after 
4 o'clock in the afternoon only. 

When in forested areas be ex- 
tremely careful with cigaretts 
and campfires. 

Hold that match until it's 
cold and then break it to make 
sure. Crush those cigarette, 
cigar, and pipe ashes and use 
your ashtray when driving. 

Drown that campfire with water, 
stir it and drown it again. 

Remember, the only safe camp- 
fire is one that is DEAD OUT. 



Vol. 7 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

August, 1954 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 



No. 8 



Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Varn, Chairman Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo 

John M. McElrath Macon H. 0. Cummings _ Donalsonville 



Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the "Georgia 

Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR R'chard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

* * * * 

DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 



DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

Statesboro 
DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

Camilla 
DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

Americus 
DISTRICT TV— P. 0. Box 333, 

Newman 
DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 

McRae 



DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 

Milledgeville 
DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Rome 
DISTRICT VIII— P. 0. Box 811, 

Waycross 
DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

Gainesville 
DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 

Washington 



(From the Savannah News) 



The recent figures released 
by the Georgia Forestry Corrmis- 
sion on the 1953 additions to 

this State's forest industries 
certainly provide the most sub- 
stantial sort of evidence of the 
importance of this major segment 
of Georgia's economy. The com- 
mission, after a survey conduc- 
ted in cooperation with the 
Georgia Power Company, the Geor- 
gia Light and Power Company and 
Savannah's own District Author- 
ity, shows that a total of 35 new 
industries brought to the State 
a combined capital investment of 
almost S141 millions. In addi- 
tion to this big contribution to 
our economy these firms will also 
provide annual payrolls of al- 
most S3 million. There will also 
go to the pulpwood and timber 
growers of the State another 
large sum. 

This isn't overnight business 
which may be here today and gone 
tomorrow. Three of the indus- 
tries represented are big pulp 
mills which because of their 
heavy investment in both mills 
and timberlands are certain to 
be permanent fixtures. Other 
outfits are smaller and may not 
succeed or change location on 
depletion of timber supply. The 
chances are, however, heavily in 
favor of their doing neither, 
for most have moved their plants 
only after careful planning and 
study of necessary wood reserves. 
These smaller plants will manu- 
facture almost everything from 
two- by -fours to rocking chairs 
and are particularly valuable in 
that they will be dispersed 
through the smaller cities of the 
State. 

This newspaper is happy to wel- 
come this new business and these 
new citizens to our State. We 
feel sure they will find here all 
for which they are looking in 
both opportunities and in a fine 
place in which to live. 



AUGUST, 1954 



Georgia Leads South 
In Pulpwood Production 



Georgia, for the sixth conse- 
cutive year, has led the entire 
South in the production of pulp- 
wood. 

This report of the state's 
continued pulpwood leadership - 
a leadership attained with an 
all time high production for 
Georgia of 2,879,000 standard 
cords - was issued in the newly 
published pamphlet, ''1953 Pulp- 
wood Production in the South. ' ' 

James W. Cruikshank, Chief of 
the Division of Forest Economics 
at the Southeastern Forest Ex- 
periment Station, compiled the 
report. 

Georgia, according to the re- 
port, accounted for 18 per cent 
of the South' s pulpwood output 
in 1953 and 11 per cent of the 
nation's output. 

The state's 1953 production 
figure represented a 4.6 per 
cent increase over 1952 .produc- 
tion, and a one percent increase 
in the nation's cut. During 
1952, Georgia produced 2 ,513,272 
cords for a six per cent increase 
over 1951! and in 1951 a 6.7 per 
cent increase was noted over 
1950. Production in 1950 am- 
ounted to a 24.1 per cent in- 
crease over 1949- 

During 1953 the state's pines 
provided 2 ,748, 853 standard cords 
of the total cut, with hard- 
woods and chestnut accounting 
for 124,613 and 5,702 respect- 
ively. 



Georgia now has seven pulpmills 
in operation producing more than 
4,100 tons of pulp per day. The 
seven operating mills, their 
location and pulp capacity per 
24 hours are as follows: Arm- 
strong Cork Co., Macon, 200 
tons; Brunswick Pulp and Paper 
Cc. , Brunswick, 400 tons; Cer- 
tain-teed Products Corp., Sav- 
annah, 40 tons; Macon Kraft Co., 
Macon, 600 tons; St. Mary's 
Kraft Corp., St. Mary's, 500 
tons; Southern Paperboard Corp., 
Savannah, 500 tons; and Union 
Bag and Paper Corp. , Savannah, 
1,900 tons. 

In addition to the seven oper- 
ating mills, Georgia has three 
newly constructed mills with an 
estimated production of more than 
1,300 tons daily. With the com- 
pletion of the new mills, Georgia 
pulp mills will have a daily 
capacity of approximately 5,500 
tons of pulp. This quantity is 
expected to place Georgia in the 
lead among Southern states in 
this respect. New mills are the 
Borne Kraft Company, Borne, 615 
tons; National Container Corp- 
oration, Valdosta, 500 tons; and 
Rayonier, Inc., Jesup, 250 tons. 

Clinch County led production 
in the state with nearly 147,000 
cords, and Brantley was second 
with 86,228 cords. 

Other top counties with pro- 
ductions of more than 60,000 
cords were Charlton, 75,289; 



1953 PULPWOOD PRODUCTION IN THE SOUTH 




MILL CAPACITY (tons per day) 

• Less than 250 A 500 to 749 



250 to 499 



750 or more 



GEORGIA 

MISSISSIPPI 

ALABAMA 

FLORIDA 

NORTH CAROLINA 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

LOUISIANA 

VIRGINIA 

TEXAS 

ARKANSAS 

TENNESSEE 




















































^■■1.5291 
















■|l446| 
















■Hl.3761 
















■ 1.2671 
















|l,2ll| 








Numbers are 
1,000 cords 






■ 78l l 


mm 


234 





OAMill under construction 
Camden, 73,308; Glynn, 71,852; 
Ware, 65,021; Troup, 62,935; and 
Wayne, 60,746. 

In 1953 pulpwood production in 
the South amounted to 16,127,000 
cords, 61 per cent of the total 
1953 receipts of domestic pulp- 
wood at all mills in the United 
States. Southern production in 
1953 was 10.7 per cent more than 
in 1952 and 14.7 per cent more 
than in 1951. The harvest of 
pine pulpwood was 14,147,600 
cords, or 9.7 per cent more than 
in 1952. Hardwood production, 
exclusive of dead chestnut, 
amounted to 1,918 cords, 13.4 
per cent more than in 1952. 

Georgia counties and their 
1953 pulpwood production are as 
follows: 

Appling, 59,944; Atkinson, 
36,410; Bacon 50,371! Baker, 
4,584; Baldwin, 8,858; Banks, 
1,661; Barrow, 3,064; Bartow, 
16,224; Ben Hill, 9,979; Berrien, 
16,022; Bibb, 7,104; Bleckley 
3,095; Brantley, 86,228; Brooks, 
9,365; Bryan, 50,040; Bulloch. 
39,148; Burke 7,219 Butts, 13, 
502; Calhoun, 5,506; Camden, 
73,308; Candler, 8,499; Carroll, 
1,403; 

Charlton, 75,289; Chatham, 

17,401; Chattahoochee, 9,571; 

Chattooga, 704; Cherokee, 7,250; 

Clarke, 4,156; Clay, 672; Clay- 

(Continued on Page 9) 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Fire Control 
Transferred 

Transfer of the fire control 
division of the Georgia Forestry 
Commission from Atlanta to Macon 
was announced this month. 

Headquarters of E. H. Terry, 
the Commission's Law Enforcement 
Chief, also have been moved to 
Macon. 

Mr. Terry, H. E. Ruark, Fire 
Control Chief, and L. L. Lundy, 
Assistant Fire Control Chief, 
moved to the new location last 
month. 

Commission Director Guyton De 
Loach explained the move was 
made to centralize the direction 
of the fire control activities 
and more closely coordinate act- 
ivities of the Macon Shop and 
Warehouse. 

' 'Our Macon shop and warehouse 
he explained, ''now serves as the 
focal point for fire control act- 
ivities, since it is from there 
that major repairs are made on 
most fire suppression equipment 
and it is there that most of our 



Division 
To Macon 

suppression vehicles are fitted 
over from standard transporta- 
tion to the specialized use to 
which they will be put. 

' 'Nearly all equipment and 
supplies which we now keep on 
hand for a large emergency for- 
est ire blowup,'' he added, 
''als are stored at the Macon 
warehouse. Takeng all these 

factors into consideration, the 
Commission felt that fire con- 
trol activities could more ef- 
ficiently be carried on if the 
fire control chief and his as- 
sistant were headquartered at 
Macon." 

The Commission Director said, 
however, that the Commission 
felt fullest efficiency could be 
obtained by the other depart- 
ments, those of administrative, 
management, reforestation, and 
information and education, through 
their continuing to operate 

in Atlanta. 



CONGRATULATIONS TO SCHOLARSHIP WINNER- -Judges congratulate 
Stanford Tillman, Gair Woodlands scholarship winner. The group 
includes, left to right, H. J. Malsberger, General Manager, 
Southern Pulpwood Conservation Association; S. A. Boutwell, Chief 
Forester, Gair Woodlands, Inc., Dean D. J. Weddell, University of 
Georgia School of Forestry; Tillman, and Guyton DeLoach, Director, 
Georgia Forestry Commission. 




BciuilaMiUri 

The 1954 Gair Woodlands Cor- 
poration forestry scholarship to 
the University of Georgia has 
been awarded to Stanford L. Till- 
man, a graduate of Surrency High 
School in Appling County. 

Tillman is the son of Mr. and 
Mrs. H. C. Tillman of Surrency. 
The scholarship is for a total 
of $2,000 for four years of for- 
estry study. 

Last year Tillman represented 
Georgia in forestry at the na- 
tional convention of the Future 
Farmers of America at Kansas 
City, Mo. He had won first place 
in the Georgia cooperative FFA 
forestry program. 

Preliminary screenings were 
held early in June in five dis- 
tricts of Southeastern Georgia 
and Southern South Carolina. The 
students were judged on scholar- 
ship achievement records, extra- 
curricular activities in the 
field of forestry, personality 
traits, and leadership ability. 

' 'This scholarship is awarded, ' 
T. W. Erie, President of Gair 
Woodlands, stated, ''to create a 
greater interest in the study of 
forestry among high school stu- 
dents. If it helps to further 
the advancement of the profes- 
sion of forestry, we feel that 
it has served its purpose. ' ' 

From the preliminary screenings 
eight top students were selected 
to appear before a board of four 
judges for a final screening. 
Stanford Tillman was chosen as 
outstanding in all of the qual- 
ities necessary for the scholar- 
ship. 

Members of the awards committee 
were D. J. Weddell, Dean of the 
University of Georgia School of 
Forestry; H. J. Malsberger, Gen- 
eral Manager, Southern Pulpwood 
Conservation Association; Guyton 
DeLoach, Director, Georgia For- 
estry Commission, and S. A. 
Boutwell, Chief Forester, Gair 
Woodlands . 






Every aspect of farm forestry 
from planting a tiny seedling to 
harvesting a mature tree was de- 
scribed recently at Alexander H. 
Stephens State Park as 70 FFA 
boys gathered there for the an- 
nual Boys Forestry Camp spon- 
sored by five member firms of 
the Southern Pulpwood Conser- 
vation Association. 

The boys, representatives of 
Future Farmers of American chap- 
ters from throughout North Geor- 
gia, spent an action-filled week 
' ' learning by doing' ' the various 
activities connected with farm 
forestry. 

Sponsors were the Macon Kraft 
Company, Gair Woodlands Inc., 
Brunswick Pulp and Paper Corp., 
St. Mary's Kraft Corp., and 
Union Bag and Paper Corp. The 
Georgia Forestry Commission con- 
ducted the camp. 

Topics studied included fire 
prevention and suppression, 
thinning, mensuration, reforest- 
ation, marketing, insects and 
disease, harvesting and tree 
identification. 

Camp activities were not all 
on the academic side, however. 
Recreation activities included 
softball, horseshoe pitching, 
and swimming. A field trip to 
Clark Hill dam and watershed area 
occupied one afternoon. 

(Continued on Page 10} 



The tremendous advances made 
in the field of forest pro- 
tection in Georgia in the past 
decade are typified in these two 
maps. One map shows the counties 
which were under organized pro- 
tection 10 years. The larger 
map shows the counties under 
organized protection August 1, 
1954. Foresters estimate wild- 
fire losses are from six to 24 
times as great in unprotected 
counties as in protected counties. 



BOYS CAMP SCENES- -James Re id, 
Assistant District Forester, 
Georgia Forestry Commission, top 
photo, points out Cronartium 
Fusiform infection. J.C. Turner 
Jr., District Forester, Georgia 
Forestry Commission, center pho- 
to, third from left, teaches 
forest mensuration. E. D. Martin, 
Conservation Forester, Gair Wood- 
lands Corp. , bottom photo, shows 
use of increment borer. 






,*&* 




• 



Georgia Forestry Commii 






Completion of one of the Geor- 
gia Fores try Commission 's ''most 
successful years in the history 
of its operation'' was announced 
this month by Commission Direcotr 
Guy ton DeLoach as he reported on 
highlights of the recently com- 
pleted 1953-1954 fiscal year. 

The Commission head listed 
among the 1953-1954 accomplish- 
ments a record seedling produc- 
tion of nearly 100,000,000 seed- 
lings, addition of 15 counties to 
the Commission' s protected forces, 
announcement of a two-and-a- 
half million acre increase in 
the state's forest area over the 
last Federal survey made, and 
construction of more extensive 
equipment for processing seed 
from pine cones at the Macon 
warehouse. 

A U.S. Forest Service Survey 
made in 1935 had shewed 21,432, 
2 04 acres of forest land in the 
state. The Forest Service, aid- 
ed by the Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission, began another survey 
ln 1951 > and this survey - com- 
pleted during the past fiscal 



year - showed 23,969,286 forest 
acres. 

The fiscal year 1954 also 
showed an increase in fire sup- 
pression equipment. Forty-eight 
new pickup trucks, 45 light 
crawler tractors and five heavy 
crawler tractors with plows, and 
50 transports were added during 
during the year. Addition of 
24 forest fire lookout towers 
brought the total number of Com- 
mission towers in the state to 
30R. 

The communication system kept 
step during the past year with 
the expansion in the vehicular 
field, and 866 two-way radios, 
most of them on the FM band, 
now are in operation. A new 
frequency was added during the 
year for administrative purposes 
and is serving to greatly relieve 
the heavy traffic load during 
the fire season. 

The Macon shop and warehouse 
was the site of one of the most 
extensive enlargement and impro- 
vement projects among Commission 
activities. New buildings and 




* * 



II 






Lll 



TKH 



l-JI 

j W tit 

figr|!ff! 



■ 



1 



!' 





on Completes Year Of Progress 



renovations from existing struc- 
tures there included an oil 
house, a seed cleaning and stor- 
age building, a radio repair 
room, an information and educa- 
tion storage room, emergency 
warehouse room and new warehouse 
shop offices. 

' 'The past season, ' ' Commission 
Director DeLoach added, ''also 
showed use of air patrol as an 
increasingly effective tool in 
protection and assistance on the 
fire lane. Sixteen 100-horse- 
power planes were flown under 
contract, patrolling nearly eight 
million forest acres. Two Com- 
mission planes also provided 
added protection and aid. ' ' 

Ranger training sessions were 
held in each district during the 
past year, and a special three- 
day training meet was held in 
Athens for new personnel. An- 
other 1953-54 season innovation 
was introduction of a Perfor- 
mance Standard rating, whereby 
records will be kept on perfor- 
mance ratings of all personnel. 
This plan is expected to provide 



an accurate means of rewarding 
and recognizing outstanding per- 
sonnel and to set an incentive 
for better performance on the 
part of a 11 personnel. 

District offices at Washington 
and Newnan were constructed dur- 
ing the year, and work was begun 
on new district offices at Way- 
cross and Gainesville, giving a 
total of eight new district 
offices in the Commission. 

During the year, 1,300,000 
acres of forest land were added 
to the states program, and, 
with the additional land includ- 
ed, the Commission managed to 
protect it at less cost than 
last year. 

Progress in the Forest mana- 
gement division of the Commis- 
sion also was termed as ''excel- 
lent' ' by Director DeLoach. He 
pointed out the past year marked 
introduction of a system, now 
proved to be highly satisfactory, 
whereby landowners pay a small 
deposit before their timber is 
marked by management foresters. 
The money is refunded when the 



timber is cut according to the 
marking. 

Management personnel also ex- 
perimented with control ling scrub 
oak with use of a Marden brush 
cutter, set up experimental 
plots to determine the best tree 
marking paint, extablished ex- 
perimental plantings on scrub 
oak sites and set up an experi- 
mental thinning project to de- 
termine the best method and 
amount of timber to be removed 
in plantation thinnings. 

The nursery department once 
again reached a new high during 
the past fiscal year with dis- 
tribution of 92,393.500 seed- 
lings, a new high both for Geor- 
gia and the South. With the de- 
partment's new pine seed clean- 
ing plant at Macon, termed the 
most modern and efficient plant 
of its kind in the South, 20, 000 
to 25,000 pine cones can be 
handled each season. Butane 

gas heaters also were installed 
at Macon and Baxley to speed up 
cone opening. 

(Continued on Page 9) 




* :-W± ft 




m**££%: 



4fV*« 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Keep Green Plans Announced 



Plans for the 1955 ' 'Keep Geor- 
gia Green' ' contest were announc- 
ed this month by the Georgia 
r ores try Association. 

All counties cooperating with 
the Georgia Forestry Commission' s 
statewide fire control program 
on July 1, 1954. are eligible, 
Hugh Dobbs, Association Pres- 
ident announced. 

''Once again,'' said Presi- 
dent Dobbs, ''we have compiled 
score sheets listing items on 
which each county will be graded. 
These items are much the same as 
last year, although we have 
changed the wording in some in- 
stances in order to clarify some 
items. ' ' 

The contest will cover all rec- 
ords and activities from July 1, 
1954, through March 31, 1955. 
Deadline for entering the con- 
test is Oct. 15. Official entry 
forms can be obtained by writing 
the Georgia Forestry Association, 
905 C. Si S. National Bank Build- 
ing, Atlanta, Ga. 

Contest manuals can be obtain- 
ed from Association headquarters. 

The winning county will receiv- 
Sl ,000. Second place county 

will be awarded $500, and the 
ranger of the winning county 
will receive %\ 00. 



The Association head said ad- 
ditional prizes will be awarded 
if financial conditions permit. 
'In conducting this contest 
once again,' he declared, ''we 
are recognizing a four- fold pur- 
pose. First, we are striving 
for a contest which will reduce 
the number of forest fires. We 
also want to reduce the total 
acreage lost to wildfire flames 
each year. We wish to stimulate 
interest in better forest pro- 
tection. Finally, we want to 
create a greater sense of per- 
sonal responsibility regarding 
forest fire prevention among all 
citizens - among every man, wo- 
man and child. 

Mr. Dobbs urged all protected 
counties to join the contest. He 
added that in previous contests, 
some counties had refrained from 
entering because of a small pop- 
ulation, lack of radio stations 
or newspapers in the county, or 
a small forest land area. 

"Actually," he said, "all 
these factors are taken into 
consideration in judging, and no 
county is penalized, whether it 
be large or small. The chief 
factor in judging is the energy 
and ingenuity shown by individual 
(Continued on Page 9) 



70 Attend Naval Stores Camp 



More than 70 4-H Club members, 
instructors, county agents, and 
home demonstration agents and 
4-H leaders attended the sixth 
annual Naval Stores Camp at the 
Lowndes County 4-H camp recently. 

Delegates were awarded scholar- 
ships to the camp on the basis 
of accomplishments in forestry 
and home improvement projects. 

Nelson Brightwell, Assistant 
Extension Service Forester, Tif- 
ton; Harry Bailey, Conservation 
Forester for Union Bag and Paper 
Corp., Savannah; Henry Williams, 
Assistant District Forester, 
Georgia Forestry Commission, 
Waycross, and Ralph Clements, 
Naval Stores Conservation Pro- 
gram, Tifton, served as instruc- 
tors for the boys. 

The campers had a full week of 
instruction in naval stores pro- 
duction and home improvement 
through demonstrations and field 
trips. At the end of the week 



prizes were awarded to the boy 
and girl making the highest 
scores. 

Speaking to club members at 
their evening assembly, Billy 
Langdale, LangdaleCo., Valdosta, 
explained how modern methods of 
naval stores production enable 
a tree farmer to derive three- 
fourths of a tree's worth in four 
years and then receive almost the 
same amount again when the tree 
is ready to cut. 

Pointing out that Georgia pro- 
duces 7fi per cent of the nation's 
supply and over half of the 
world's supply of naval stores, 
Mr. Langdale encouraged 4-H'ers 
to ''stay on the job of finding 
even more and better ways of 
production and marketing of nav- 
al stores. " 

The American Turpentine Far- 
mers Association sponsored the 
camp. 



Seedling Orders 
Being Accepted 
By Commission 

Seedling orders for the fall 
and winter planting season now 
may be placed with the Georgia 
Forestry Commission, James H. 
Hill, Commission Reforestation 
Chief, reported this month. 

' 'Despite the fact the actual 
planting season is several 
months off, 'feaid Mr. Hill, "we 
are urging all citizens planning 
reforestation to order their 
seedlings now. We are making 
that appeal because many persons 
who ordered late last year were 
disappointed to learn all the 
seedlings had already been al- 
located when their order ar- 
rived. ' ' 

The reforestation chief ex- 
plained that in order to be fair 
to all citizens, the Commission 
distributes its seedlings on a 
''first come-first served" 
basis. 

"We hope to produce 112,000, 
000 forest tree seedlings in our 
four nurseries for distribution 
during the coming season," the 
forester added, "but if orders 
continue as heavy as previously, 
there still may be some danger 
that persons who are late in 
ordering seedlings will fail to 
receive them. ' ' 

Loblolly, Slash, Longleaf and 
Shortleaf pines are sold for $3 
per 1,000, F.O. B. nursery. 
White Pine, Yellow Poplar, Ari- 
zona Cypress, and Red Cedar sell 
for $6 per 1,000 Black Locust 
sells for $2 'per 1,000- Trans- 
portation charges of 25 cents 
per 1,000 are added when the 
seedlings are shipped to the 
county in which they are to be 
planted 

Order blanks may be obtained 
from County Forest Rangers, 
County Agents, Soil Conser- 
vation technicians, and the 
Atlanta and District offices of 
Georgia Forestry Commission. 
Any of these personnel will aid 
in filling out forms. 

"Year in, year out," declared 
Mr. Hill, ''forest tree seedlings 
remain one of the best all- 
round crops which the farmer can 
plant. " 



AUGUST, 1954 



*1Ue Hotuidufi 



Rangers In The News 



North Georgia video viewers 
of Station WDEF-TV, Chatta- 
nooga, are learning their for* 
estry lessons via the television 
air waves these days, thanks to 
the efforts of Catoosa County 
Ranger Ralph Clark. The Ranger 
has provided the station with a 
10-week series of forestry films 
obtained from the Georgia For- 
estry Commission's film library. 

The station also is using a 
series of fire prevention film 
slides furnished by the Commis- 
sion. The slides are used as 
station breaks and include a 
variety of forest fire greven- 
tion appeals. Ranger Clark re- 
ported that the station will 
also announce at various inter- 
vals the class of fire days and 
the danger periods for fires. 
During these periods, the public 
will be asked to contact the 
Forestry Unit before burning 
brush. 




Rarrow County citizens, under 
the leadership of their County 
Forest Ranger, George Rowers, 
were among the first to enter 
the 1955 Keep Georgia Green 
contest. The Barrow County For- 
estry Council already has held 
its first meeting to plan the 
year's Keep Green program. The 
Bank of Barrow was host to the 
group at a dinner prior to the 
meeting. 

Representatives from each pre- 
cinct in the county reported 
committee members will contact 
every farmer, tenant and land- 
owner in their district and ask 
them to sign a pledge to cooper- 
ate with Ranger Bowers to pre- 
vent forest fires. They plan 
to have all pledges signed with- 
in 60 days, then hold another 
meeting. 




WAREHOUSE- CONE SHED TOUR- -Mercer University students learn oper- 
ations of the Georgia Forestry Commission's cone collection system 
as they are conducted on a tour through the Macon shop and ware- 
house. H. E. Ruark, Commission Fire Control Chief, center, con- 
ducted the tour. Students were members of Prof. 6. L. Carver' s 
conservation class. 




What to do with cash prizes 
ranging from $200 to $1,000 was 
the problem which recently faced 
Keep Green committees in three 
fortunate Georgia counties. The 
counties were winners in the 
Georgia Forestry Association's 
1954 Keep Green forest fire pre- 
vention contest. 



First place Stephens County, 
winner of $1,000, has placed 
its money towards purchase of a 
new forest fire suppression 
tractor and plow for the county. 



Emanuel County, second place 
winner, has put its $500 prize 
money back in the county's 
"Keep Green pot" which is used 
to help finance forest fire 
prevention activities. 

Third place winner, Schley 
County, has used its $30 
prize money to help finance 
construction of the community's 
new swimming pool. Marion 
County' s Keep Green committee 
still is undecided as to what 
to do with the $200 won for 
fourth place. 



Pulpwood— 

(Continued froir. Page 2) 

ton, 7,438; Clinch, 146,963; 
Cobb, 7,043; Coffee, 53,188; 
Colquitt, 12,151; Columbia, 9, 
105; Cook, 5,689; Coweta, 30,474; 
Crawford, 25,333; Crisp, 6,640; 
Decatur, 46,502; DeKalb, 4,752; 
Dodge, 23,280; Dooly, 3,976; 
Dougherty, 6,2^7. 

Douglas, 1,938; Early, 14,422; 
Echols, 38,352; Effingham, 45, 
424; Elbert, 26,891; Emanuel, 
42,653; Evans, 16,823; Fannin, 
11,619; Fayette, 4,126; Floyd, 
7,613; Franklin, 5,700; Fulton, 
12,324; Gilmer, 14,089; Glynn, 
71,852; Gordon, 4,250; Grady, 
31,462! Green, 28,193; Gwinnett; 
9,896; Habersham, 1,855; Hall, 
"19,105; Hancock, 22,674; Haral- 
son, 4,400; 

Harris, 37,041; Hart, 4,826; 
Heard, 2,259; Henry, 6,366; 
Houston, 6,533; Irwin, 17,6875 
Jackson, 15,472; Jasper, 30,135; 
Jeff Davis, 56,273; Jefferson, 
5,751; Jenkins, 10,364; Johnson, 
10,389; Jones, 22,210; Lamar, 
9,104; Lanier, 20,458; Laurens, 
21,612; Lee, 1,263; Liberty, 
44,283; Lincoln, 2,651; Long, 
38,996; Lowndes, 30,008; McDuf- 
fie, 3,546; 

Mcintosh, 36,811; Macon, 4, 
588; Madison, 17,046; Marion, 
7,210; Meriwether, 27, 730;Miller, 
13,164; Mitchell, 14,177; Monroe, 
45,451; Montgomery, 17,343; Mor- 
gan, 18,266; Murray, 745; Musco- 
gee, 6,459; Newton, 14,407; Oco- 
nee, 8,278; Oglethorpe, 22,136; 
Paulding, 2,333; Peach, 6,264; 
Pickens, 11,919; Pierce, 24,763; 
Pike, 8,401; Polk, 12,083; 

Pulaski, 1,800; Putnam, 20, 
765; Quitman, 2,889; Rabun, 
3,019; Randolph, 7,564; Richmond, 
3,920; Rockdale, 4,745; Schley, 
2,486; Screven, 18, 810; Seminole, 
25,874; Spaulding, 7,448; Step- 
hens, 1,614; Stewart, 14,788; 
Sumter, 5,999; Talbot, 33,329; 
Taliaferro, 10,916! Tattnall, 
25,796; Taylor, 10,212; Tel fair , 
31,165; Terrell, 9,298; Thomas, 
34,675; 

Tift, 6,780; Toombs, 31,547; 
Truetlen, 21,189; Trcup, 62,935; 
Turner, 9,249; Twiggs, 14,465; 
Upson, 23,520; Walker, 345; 
Walton, 5,055; Ware, 66,021; 
Warren, 3,471; Washington, 19, 




* 






PULPWOOD PARADE- -Scenes like this, a familiar one in Georgia, 
help contribute year after year to Georgia's leadership in the 
pulpwood field. A report issued this month shows Georgia for the 
sixth consecutive year oed all other southern states in pulpwood 
production. 



176; Wayne, 60,746; Webster. 
4,327; Wheeler, 22,353; Whit- 
field, 3,091; Wilcox, 11,505; 
Wilkes, 35,891; Wilkinson, 9, 
429; Worth, 13,966. 



Of Progress-— 

(Continued from Page 6) 

An extensive seed and seedling 
improvement project also was be- 
gun during the past fiscal year. 

Expanded activities and ser- 
vices also were reported in the 
Commission's information and 
education division. Distri- 

bution of more than two million 
pieces of literature, publishing 
of 9,479 newspaper articles and 
759 photographs dealing with for- 
estry topics, cooperation with 
51 daily and weekly newspapers 
in the printing of special 
forestry editions, production of 
2,623 radio and television pro- 
grams, showing of 1 > 965 films to 
60,000 persons, and presentation 
of 430 demonstrations were re- 
corded during the past fiscal 
year. 



(Continued from. Page 7) 

citizens and groups in the coun- 
ty in devising and carrying out 
projects to stop forest fires.'' 

President Dobbs urged all 
counties entering to form a Coun- 
ty Contest Council. These coun- 
cils can be composed of repre- 
sentatives of civic and service 
clubs, the county ranger, chair- 
man of the County Forestry Board, 
county agent, farm bureau repre- 
sentative, editors and radio 
station representatives, chair- 
man of county commissioners, 
mayors, county school superinten- 
dent, soil conservation techni- 
cian, teachers of vocational 
agriculture, bankers, business- 
men, youth organizations, and 
landowners. 

A point system will be used as 
a basis for judging. Judges 
will review 30 activities total- 
ing 800 points. Items will in- 
clude number of forest fires per 
1,000 acres of forestland, num- 
ber of acres burned per 1 >000 
acres of forestland, number of 

acres burned per 1>000 acres, 
volunteer forest fire fighters, 
forest fires reported to the unit 
by the public, forestry signs 
erected and many other factors. 



Boys Camp- 



(Continued from Page U ) 

The camp staff included J. F. 
Spiers, Forester, Central of 
Geo^gi^ Railroad; Howard J. 
Doyle, Area Forester, Southern 
Pulpwood Conservation Assn. , J .C. 
Turner, District Forester, Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission; E. D. 
Martin, Conservation Forester, 
Gair Wood lands Corp. ; W. S. John- 
son, Area Manager, Macon Kraft 
Company; Sam Thacker, Assistant 
Chief of Forest Management, 
Georgia Forestry Commission; 
Toombs D. Lewis, Conservation 
Forester, Union Bag and Paper 
Corp. , and James Reid, Frank 
Craven, and Zack Seymour, all 
Assistant District Foresters, 
Georgia Forestry Commission. R.E. 
Davis, Chief, Information and 
Education, Georgia Forestry 
Commission , was camp director. 



Evening sessions were devoted 
to talks by outstanding state 
leaders in the forestry field, 
forestry films, and recreation 
sessions. Speakers included H. J. 
Malsberger, General Manager, 
Southern Pulpwood Conservation 
Assn., and Leon Hargreaves, 
Assistant to the Director, Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission. 



One of the evening sessions 
was devoted to a square dance, 
with girls from nearby Crawford- 
ville and Washington as guests. 
J. D. Smith, Recreation Director 
at Camp Jackson, was square 
dance caller. On another evening 
occasion the boys were guests of 
the Crawfordville Kiwanis Club 
at a barbecue. 

FFA BOYS STUDY FORESTRY- - 
Swimming, top left, and other 
recreation, were included in 
camp activity. J. C. Spiers, For- 
ester, Central of Georgia Rail- 
road, top right, teaches refor- 
estation. Boys receive realistic 
lesson in fire control, center 
photo. Harry Rossoll, U.S. For- 
est Service, bottom left, gives 
chalk talk. W.R. Johnson, Con- 
servation Forester, Macon Kraft 
Company, bottom right, teaches 
tree identification. 





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FORESTRY 




Septe 



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ona 



Our Forest Wealth 



/ 



(From the Pome News Tribune) 



Thirty- five new forest indus- 
tries, representing a combined 
capital investment of more than 
140 million dollars, were es- 
tablished in Georgia in 1953. 

These industries, according to 
the Georgia Forestry Commission, 
brought the state an additional 
payroll of almost three million 
dollars a year. 

The new industries ranged all 
the way from small lumber mills 
with four or five employees to 
big paper and pulpmills with 600 
employees . 

The factories produce oak 
flooring, blinds and awnings, 
handles, doors, windows, sashes 
and boxes. Che plant produces 
blocks of wood to be made into 
skis. 

Trees now rank as Georgia's 
biggest money crop. Now, some 
600 million dollars worth of 
timber products are marketed 
each year. Two out of three 



acres in the state are devoted 
to timber in some form. 

As important as our woodlands 
resources are, their full po- 
tential has not been reached. 

In just six years, Georgia has 
advanced from 46 th to first 
place among all the states in 
the area of privately -owned 
timber under fire protection, 
and the value of the crop each 
year has doubled. 

And, in years to come, with 
expanded markets for timber and 
with increased forestry conser- 
vation and protection practices, 
the value of the crop can double 
and double again. 

Equally important as the es- 
tablishment of new markets for 
timber is a sound program of 
reforestation and protection. 
We can't cut the trees and ex- 
pect them to replace themselves; 
nor can we permit fires to ra- 
vage and destroy the crops. 



Vol. 7 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

September, 1954 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 



No. 9 



Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Varn, Chairman Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo 

John M. McElrath Macon H. O. Cummings Donalsonville 



Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 

Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR -- Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS - Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

* * * * 

DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 



DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

Statesboro 
DISTRICT II— P. O. Box 26, 

Camilla 
DISTRICT III— P. O. Box 169, 

Americus 
DISTRICT IV— P. O. Box 333, 

Newnan 
DISTRICT V— P. O. Box 328, 

McRae 



DISTRICT VI— P. O. Box 505, 

Milledgeville 
DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Rome 
DISTRICT VIII— P. O. Box 811, 

Waycross 
DISTRICT IX— P. O. Box 416, 

Gainesville 
DISTRICT X— P. O. Box 302, 

Washington 



(From the Mill en News) 

Jenkins County forests are 
taking a licking at this time. 
The extreme and continued drouth 
is taking its toll of the many 
thousands of pine seedlings that 
were planted this past year and 
the years previous. It is going 
to be necessary that many of 
these trees be replaced during 
the winter and spring. The 
State nurseries are going to be 
hard pressed to fill all the or- 
ders because of this drouth con- 
dition and the increased interest 
in pine plantings. 

Many trees are now dying in our 
forests. Inmost sections of the 
county the young oaks are dying 
in large numbers. Other trees 
are likewise suffering for the 
lack of moisture. There is 
nothing that can be done about 
it except pray for the best. 

We should at this time be very 
cautious about fires. A small 
fire can be a disastrous fire in 
our forestlands. Already 200 
acres have been burned across 
the river from Rogers this past 
week. The woods are like tinder 
and everyone should do his ut- 
most to prevent fires. All the 
protection units in Georgia can- 
not put out the fires once they 
become prevalent. It seems to 
be a habit. Let one fire start 
and others will soon follow. 

One of the great natural re- 
sources of our county is our 
woodlands. They consti tute about 
two thirds of our entire area. 
We must conserve and protect 
them not only for ourselves but 
for the generations fo come. 



FRUIT OF THE PINE- -Throughout 
this month and next, hundreds of 
Georgians will be seeking the 
"fruit of the pines" as they 
gather cones for an extensive 
collection under way by the 
Georgia Forestry Commission. 
Seeds from the cones eventually 
will be planted in Georgia For- 
estry Commission nurseries to 
become tomorrow' s forests. 



SEPTEMBER, 1 954 



$100,000 
Grant Plans 
Announced 



Plans have been announced for 
disposition of the $100,000 
grant made recently by the Board 
of Regents to improve teaching 
and research at the University 
of Georgia School of Forestry. 

The grant was made by the Uni- 
versity Board of Regents from 
an emergency appropriation by 
Governor Herman Talmadge. 

Twenty- five per cent of the 
$100,000 is earmarked for re- 
search and will provide for the 
addition of two extra persons to 
the school's teaching staff. 

Another accomplishment of the 
over- all sum will be to place 
present faculty on a 12-months 
basis. Previously faculty mem- 
bers were paid for a nine- month 
year and had to seek additonal 
employment, often in other 
fields, during the summer months. 

An extensive program of im- 
proving equipment and facilities 
at the school already is under 
way as a result of the $100,000 
grant. The sum also will pro- 
vide for fellowships on a grad- 
uate level. 

The grant was the result of a 
working program between the 
University of Georgia School of 
Forestry Alumni Association, the 
Georgia Forestry Association 
and the Board of Regents. End 
purpose of the program, accord- 
ing to H. E. Ruark, of Macon, 
Forestry Alumni President, was 
to ''bring the University of 
Georgia School of Forestry to 
the rightful place of leader- 
ship it should occupy among 
schools of its kind throughout 
the nation. ' ' 

The Alumni President lauded 
the ''excellent efforts and 
abilities' ' shown by the cur- 
rent faculty. 

''With this new grant,'' Mr. 
Ruark declared, ''we can now 
look forward to an outstanding 
period in the future progress 
of the University of Georgia 
School of Forestry. ' ' 



2>aM4f&i Seadan. /JAeaJ 

Drouth Intensifies 
Forest Fire Threat 



Approach of the ever-dangerous 
fall forest fire season, coupled 
with the fact Georgia has just 
completed one of the dryest 
summers in many years, has led 
to an appeal by the Georgia For- 
estry Commission for help in 
' ' stamping out the shameful 
waste resulting from forest fires 
every year. ' ' 

'No one, ' ' Guyton DeLoach, 
Commission Director , said, ''can 
estimate accurately the severity 
of the coming fall fire season. 
The Georgia Forestry Commission 
believes, however, that prepared- 
-'ess is the best method of 
attack; and with that thought in 
mind, we are expending every 
effort to insure that the latest, 
most effective fire fighting 
equipment available is in the 
hands of County Forestry Units 
when the fall fire season be- 
gins.' ' 

' 'The fire danger connected 
with the fall forest fire sea- 
son,'' Mr. DeLoach reported, 
''makes it imperative that we 
do everything in our power to 
prevent fires and to keep close 
control on all forest fires 
during the next few months, not 
only because of commercially 



valuable trees that may be 
needlessly burned by careless- 
ness, but because our forests 
contribute vital materials to 
this nation' s defense and pros- 
perity. ' ' 

Mr. DeLoach disclosed that a 
total of 11,201 forest fires 
burned over 40l,573 acres in 
Georgia in 1953. ''Our county 
rangers and foresters fought 
fire constantly during the en- 
tire year - fires that were 
caused by careless and malicious 
persons,'' he added. 

The Director warned that this 
year, because of the sustained 
drouth, Georgia could lose hun- 
dreds of thousands of dollars 
in timber, homes, farm crops, 
and other personal property 
''simply because we have not 
been able to convince all of 
the people of the advantages of 
keeping our forests green and 
growing. 

' 'Our forest protection pro- 
gram objective is to decrease 
forest fires with the assist- 
ance of every man, woman, and 
child in Georgia, ' DeLoach 
said, ''and through any and all 
means that will achieve our 
goal." 



RESEARCH FUNDS POOLED- -Wallace 
Adams, of Glenwood, seated right, 
Chairman, Georgia Forest Research 
Council, signs cooperative agree- 
ment whereby Council funds will 
be pooled with funds from the Uni- 
versity of Georgia, the Georgia 
Forestry Commission, and the 
Southeastern Forest Experiment 
Station for research in several 
lines of forestry. D.J. Weddell, 
seated, left, Dean, University of 
Georgia School of Forestry, and 
Guyton DeLoach, standing, right, 
Director, Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission, also signed the agree- 
ment. J.J. Armstrong, standing, 
left, of Union Bag and Paper 
Corporation, is a member of the 
Research Council. The other 
signers were Dr. George H. Hepting, 
Acting Director, Southeastern For- 
est Experiment Station, and Dr. 
Vi. A. Campbell, Research Center 
Leader, Macon Research Center, 
U.S. Forest Service. 




I ' 



- v 

« 







ft ^Ui 

FEDERATION GROUP INITIATES 
FORESTRY PROJECT- -Representatives 
of the Georgia Federation of 
Women' s Clubs inspect one of the 
sites which will be used as a 
forestry demonstration area by 
the organization. District For- 
ester G. W. Lavinder, of the 
Georgia Forestry Commission, pho- 
to right, shows Mrs. Chester E. 
Martin, former state federation 
president, (center), and Miss 
Elizabeth Mason, of the U.S. For- 
est Service, the site on the 
Laura S. Walker State Forest 
which will be used as a naval 
stores demonstration site. The 
inspecting group, photo at top, 
looks over the project. 







*t 



Evidence of the mounting con- 
tributions of members of the 
Georgia Federation of Women's 
Clubs toward the cause of forest 
conservation was displayed re- 
cently at the Laura S. Walker 
State Forest near Waycross. 

Plans for a special forestry 
demonstration project at the 
Laura S. Walker State Forest 
and at the adjoining Okefenokee 
Swamp Park have been announced 
by the Georgia Federation cf 
Women' s Clubs. 

Representatives of the Way- 
cross club, accompanied by con- 
servation committee officers of 
the state organization, gathered 
recently at the proposed project 
site to make plans for setting 
up the demonstration area. G.W. 
Lavinder, District Forester, 
Georgia Forestry Commission 
conducted the women on a tour of 
the area and described ways in 
which the Georgia Forestry Com- 



mission will cooperate in pre- 
paring and maintaining the dem- 
onstration site. 

Lis ton Elk ins, Director, Oke- 
fenokee Swamp Park, also ac- 
companied the group, outlined 
cooperation the Park will pro- 
vide on the project, and pointed 
out the park site of the pro- 
posed project. 

The demonstration area is on 
U.S. Highway 1 eight miles south 
of Waycross at the intersection 
of the main Swamp Park entrance. 

The demonstration will consist 
of two parts, ore to be located 
on the State Forest area and 
the other on the Swamp Park 
area. The State Forest area 
location will be devoted largely 
to a demonstration of naval 
stores practices and the tools 
and equipment required for naval 
stores operations. Signs and 
placards will be prominently 
[Continued on Page 10) 



SPCA Reports 
Pulp & Paper 
Tree Planting 

The second largest pulp and 
paper industry tree planting 
program in the South was in 
Georgia, according to a report 
issued this month by H. J. Mals- 
berger, Forester and General 
Manager of the Southern Pulp- 
wood Conservation Association. 

Only in Florida, where two 
million more trees were planted, 
was the Georgia industry record 
exceeded. 

On the basis of reports re- 
ceived from 15 pulpmills and 15 
pulpwood dealers, the record 
showed 42,362,775 trees 
were planted in Georgia by the 
industry during the 1953-54 
planting season. 

''This exceeds the industry's 
planting in Georgia of 1952-53 
by 13,612,775 trees - a highly 
commendable achievement,'' Mr. 
Malsberger stated. 

The Georgia mills of Armstrong 
Cork Company, Brunswick Pulp 
and Paper Company, Gair Wood- 
lands Corporation, Macon Kraft 
Company, the Mengel Company, 
Rayonier Incorporated, Rome 
Kraft Company, St. Mary's Kraft 
Corporation, Union Bag and 
Paper Corporation; Bowaters 
Southern Paper Corporation of 
Tennessee; The Champion Paper 
and Fibre Company of North Caro- 
lina; West Virginia Pulp and 
Paper Company of South Carolina; 
and Container Corporation of 
America, International Paper 
Company, and St. Regis Paper 
Company, all of Florida, sup- 
plied nearly 40 million of 
these trees. 

Pulpwood dealers, Dixie Wood, 
Inc., Turnell & Morgan, B. E. 
Pelham, Balfour Land Company, 
Sessoms Company, J. R. Bateman, 
Leo Mooradian, B. T. Rawlings, 
T. D. Melton, R. E. Wells, and 
R. C. Whitman, supplied two and 
one-half million trees. 

' 'This industry program has 
resulted,'' Mr. Malsberger sta- 
ted, ''in putting 42,363 acres 
of idle land to work growing 
profitable crops of trees.'' 

(Continued on Page 10) 



SEPTEMBER, 1 954 



Management School Scheduled 



Foresters from all southeast- 
ern states have been invited to 
the technical forest management 
school to be held at the Univer- 
sity of Georgia School of For- 
estry, October 5-8. 

Scheduled courses are designed 
to acquaint attending foresters 
with the latest technical in- 
formation covering all aspects 
of forest management. 

Courses to be taught include 
''Introduction of Practical 
Forest Genetics of Southern 
Pine,' ''Better Trees from 

Open Pollinated Pollen Tests,'' 
''Geographic Strains and Geo- 
graphic Seed Sources of Southern 
Pine,' ''Applying Forest Gene- 
tics in the Field for Better 
Silviculture,' ''Prevention 

and Control of Forest Insects.'' 
''Prevention and Control cf For- 
est Diseases,' ''Use of Inter- 
national Business Machines and 
Permanent Plots in Forest Mana- 
gement Plans,'' ''Plotless 
Timber Cruising, " and ''Forest 
Taxation. 

Outstanding men in the field 
of forestry will serve as in- 
structors for the three-day 
school . 



Keith Dorman, sil viculturist, 
Southeastern Forest Experiment 
Station, Macon, is one of the 
most experienced men in his field 
specializing in selection and 
.breeding of southern pine. Mr. 
Dorman previously conducted the 
Pake City Research Center tree 
improvement program 

Philip C. Wakeley, silvicul- 
turist, Southern Forest Experi- 
ment Station, New Orleans, Loui- 
siana, is generally recognized 
as the leading authority on the 
planting of southern pines. Mr. 
Wakeley, author of a comprehen- 
sive book on planting southern 
pine now being published by the 
II. S. Department of Agriculture, 
is a pioneer in the recognition 
of the significance of inheri- 
tance in forest plantings. 

Bruce Zobel , silviculturist , 
Texas Forest Service, College 
Station, Texas, is in charge of 
the genetics research program <<t 
College Station, where he is 
conducting studies on the south- 
ern pine, with emphasis on lob- 
lolly pine. 

Richard H. Smith, disease re- 
search, Southeastern Experiment 
Station, Lake City, Florida, is 



a leader in the disease- research 
field. 

W. A. Campbell, forest patho- 
logist , U. S. Forest Service, 
Athens, has 18 years experience 
with tree diseases. He recently 
has been engaged in research on 
little leaf disease of shortleaf 
pine. 

Douglas Craig, forester, U.S. 
Forest Service, Division State 
and Private, Atlanta, has a wide 
range of experience. His work 
has" taken him into all of the 
Southeastern States and has 
given him first hand contact 
with the most recent develop- 
ments in forest management. 

Roger Huff, timber valuation 
engineer, Bureau of Internal 
Revenue, Atlanta, former assist- 
ant supervisor on the Ozark 
National Forest, spent sev- 
eral years in the Division 
of State and Private Forestry 
with the U. S. Forest Service. 
His experience with the Forest 
Service and the Bureau of Inter- 
nal Revenue makes him one of the 
best qualified authorities on 
forest taxation problems. 



FOREST MANAGEMENT VIA TV—District Forester 
01 in Witherington and Muscogee County Ranger Floyd 
Cook recently brought woodland management to the 
homes of the area with the help of WRBL-TV in 
Columbus. Left photo, Witherington shows the use 
of an increment borer to determine tree age and 
growth rates. Camera closeups of the core showed 





the growth rings. In center photo, Cook lists the 
reasons for good management. At right, Assistant 
District Forester Troy Simmons demonstrates the 
method of marking trees. The program was spon- 
sored by Talbot's General Merchandise and Doug 
Wallace was moderator. 






i MORS TIMBER «Wm 

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U R| KCOME 

IHSEWi HWfl 

5 HAVE NO l(X£ LANDS 





GEORGIA FORESTRY 



!l J5 



BY 






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s 







Eighteen miles north of Macon, 
where the waters of the clay- 
colored Ocmulgee wind through 
the gently sloping Piedmont 
hills, a 5,000 acre tract of 
Georgia woodland is serving to 
solve some of the South' s out- 
standing forest research prob- 
lems. 

There, at the Hitchi t i Research 
Center, a U.S. Forest Service 
research team is seeking ways 
of producing more wood in the 
depleted forests of the Pied- 
mont area of Georgia, Alabama 
and South Carolina. 

Questions for which the re- 
search team is seeking answers 
are many and varied. 
What method of harvesting tim- 
ber is best suited for perpe- 
tuating pine? 

Under what method will the 
most volume be grown? 
What management practices are 
best for farm woodland owners? 
Can superior strains of pine 
be selected? 

Seeking the answers to these 
and many other questions is a 
full time task for the research 
force. Achieving those answers 
involves long hours of pains- 
taking work, keeping of exact 
and meticulous records on nearly 
every step taken, and an ability 
to envision the requirements 



and the potentialities of the 
timber harvesting world of the 
future. 

The problems which brought 
about establishment of the Hit- 
chiti Forest Research Center, 
now eight years old, are en- 
countered frequently in other 
area of the South; and to under- 
stand them it is necessary to 
turn back the pages of history 
nearly two centuries. 

' 'At that time, ' explains 
Keith W. Dorman, Director of the 
research center, ''The Piedmont 
area was a fertile land of fine 
oak-hickory forest. Numerous 
natural springs, branches, creeks 
and streams flowed clear and 
cool. Beech, chestnut, maple 
and shortleaf pine were often 
found among the oaks and hick- 
ories; and beneath these was an 
understory of dogwood, azalea, 
huckleberry, and chinquapin. 
Many individual trees were two 
to three feet in diameter and 
120 feet high." 

The Center Director pointed 
out, however, that beginning 
about 1773» waves of settlers 
began advancing from the east 
coast. Within 50 years, the 
Piedmont was converted from a 
primeval forest to a farming 
country. Row cropping caused 
erosion and the loss of topsoil 










'T #•!!['% 



A 






l?0 



K 






i many acres. 

agricultural slump in the 
I's, then the arrival of the 
. weevil in 1920, caused an 
idonment of much of the land; 
it is from the pines seeded 
laturally on these old fields 
; many of the region's pre- 
; day forests got their start. 
Today,'' Director Uorman 
;inued, ' 'one can ride along 
>. after mile of former row 
i areas, in unbroken 10, 20, 
30 mile stretches, which 
: gone back to woods.' ' 
. Dorman pointed out the re- 
of this land to a forest 
ition has been accompanied 
pecial problems. 
jood forest management me- 
s still are being neglected 
any acres,'' he said. ''Only 
third as much usiable wood 
>eing grown in this area as 
Land is capable of producing, 
ling of the annual produc- 
of the forest in the Pied- 
area could be done quite 
ly and logically - and we 
it is not illogical to 
for a proportionate m- 
se in the business and re- 
s which are forest industry- 



M 





originated should this doubling of 
production be obtained." The re- 
search head added that the Hitchiti 
undertakings are being carried on 
with this background of the Pied- 
mont's current resources and future 
potentialities always in mind"... so 
that in years to come, the findings 

(Continued on Page 10) 

SCENES AT HITCHITI - 1. Pruning project, 
in which research workers are attempting 
to develop clear, knot- free logs (LSFS 
photo). 2. John Barber, Research Forester, 
poisons oak as part of hardwood control 
experiment (LSFS photo) . 3. Finding a 
superior pine tree is the purpose of this 
project, which includes planting of seed- 
lings from varying localities, climates, 
and soil types. 4. Ernest Brender, Project 
Leader, looks over shelterwood study, on 
which partial shade is provided for under 
story growth (USFS photo). 5. Site where 
study of clear cutting is being made (LSFS 
photo). 6. Site where study of seed tree 
cutting is being made (LSFS photo) . 7. Pulp- 
wood, grown and harvested on the project, is 
loaded. 8. Rings painted on trees to show 
visible defects in log grades as part of 
study to select high quality trees. 








If 



* 








GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Commission Announces 
Changes In Personnel 







\ 







J. C. Turner, jr. 



New promotions and appoint- 
ments among Georgia Forestry 
Commission personnel were an- 
nounced this month by Guyton 
DeLoach, Commission Director. 

J. C. Turner, Jr., former 
District forester, District 10, 
has been named to fill the newly 
created position of Assistant 
Chief of Fire Control for the 
East area. His headquarters 
will be at the Macon Shop and 
Warehouse. 

Mr. Turner joined the Commis- 
sion in May, 1947, as an As- 
sistant District Forester in 
Charge of Management in District 
1 and also served as Assistant 
Director in Charge of Management, 
worling out of Atlanta. 

H. G. Collier, who will re- 
place Mr. Turner as District 
Forester at Washington, began 
work with the Commission in 
August, 1950, as Grady County 
Ranger. Since September 1, 1952, 
he has been Assistant District 
Forester in Charge of Fire Con- 
trol, District 8, with head- 
quarters in Nashville. 

William R. Barnes, former 
Twiggs County Ranger, has been 
named Assistant District For- 



H. G. Collier 

ester in Charge of Fire Control 
for District 6. 

The three men are graduates of 
the University of Georgia School 
of Forestry. 

Guyton DeLoach, Commission 
Director, praised the records 
of the three men and lauded the 
work which they had performed 
in their previous capacities 
with the Commission. 

''These men,'' he declared, 
''have been selected on the 
basis of their outstanding abi- 
lities in performance of past 
Commission duties. We feel 

certain that their work in these 
new jobs will serve to maintain, 
if not exceed, their fine record 
already established.'' 

Robert Hellams has been named 
to succeed Mr. Barnes in Twiggs 
County. C. C. Rountree has 
been appointed Ranger of the 
newly-organized County Forestry 
Unit in Pulaski County. Sam 
Martin, former Morgan County 
Ranger, has been transferred to 
Washington County, where he is 
serving as Ranger. The Morgan 
and Madison Units recently were 
combined. 



State jduttibenspven 
Rank Second 9n 
*1ne,e Planting 

Georgia lumbermen ranked sec- 
ond in the southern states in 
seedlings planted during the 
1954- '55 season, according to a 
report issued this month by the 
Southern Pine Association. 

The report showed the lumber 
industry of Georgia planted 
8,242,000 forest tree seedlings, 
a record exceeded only by Loui- 
siana's lumber manufacturers, 
who planted 15 , 331 , 600 seedlings . 
Alabama ranked third in the 
lumber industry planting in the 
southern states, with 6,604,200 
seed! ings . 

Throughout the South, the lum- 
ber industry planted 52,819,000 
seedlings in 12 states. 

S.P. Deas, Association Secre- 
tary-Manager, said the Georgia 
planting resulted in the refor- 
estation of more than 10,000 
acres in the state and declared 
the figures indicate the deter- 
mination of Georgia lumbermen 
' ' to get idle lands into produc- 
tion and to encourage farmers 
and landowners to do the same.'' 

Mr. Deas said 95 per cent of 
the Southwide total came from 
state operated nurseries. Seed- 
lings for Georgia lumbermen 
were purchased from Georgia For- 
Commission nurseries. 

In addition to the extensive 
planting by industry, thousands 
more acres were reseeded natur- 
ally from the trees themselves 
taking the place of mature 
trees which were removed. 

The Secretary Manager took 
note of ' ' great strides that 
have been made in recent years 
in better forestry practices 
by timberland operators and in 
increased fire protection. 

Figures for other states on 
1953-54 planting of seedlings 
by the lumber industry are as 
follows: 

Texas, 5,503,500; Arkansas, 
4,821,500; Florida, 3,558,800; 
South Carolina, 2,942,500; Miss- 
issippi, 2,484,000; Virginia, 
1,441,600; North Carolina, 893, 
200; Tennessee, 461,500; and 
Oklahoma, 335,300. 



7Ue li.o*i*td*t^p. 

Rangers In 
The News 

Frank Davenport, Fannin County 
Ranger, has begun a comprehen- 
sive series of fire prevention 
projects designed to reduce for- 
est fires in his No. 1 ''hot 
spot' ' in the northern part of 
the county. 

The projects, which range over 
a period of several months, in- 
clude the planting ox small 
demonstration plots at a number 
of locations within that parti- 
cular section of the county, a 
drive to enlist the support of 
the area's rural ministers in 
preparing and delivering spec- 
ial sermons on forest conserva- 
tion, the holding of forestry 
demonstrations within the trou- 
ble area, and the publishing of 
a special newspaper edition. 




NEW EIGHTH DISTRICT HEADQUARTERS- - G. W. Lavinder, Eighth District 
Forester, Georgia Forestry Commission, inspects the new district 
office being built at the headquarters site south of Waycross on 
II. S. Highway 1. Offices for district headquarters personnel, a 
radio repair room, and a storeroom are included. 




Personnel of the Glynn County 
Forestry Unit recently reported 
a low-flying cloud recently ap- 
parently took offense at being 
observed by one of the Unit's 
towermen. The cloud, according 
to Ranger C. P. Betts, ' ' retali- 
ated' ' by hurling a stunning 
lightning bolt at the tower top. 

Slamming into the antennae at 
the top of the tower, the bolt 
followed radio wiring to the 
office beneath the structure, 
and eerie electrical flashes 
dazzled the eyes of workers 
there. Radio equipment was dam- 
aged, but no one was injured. 

Ranger Betts said that although 
lightning during normal times is 
usually a neglible cause of for- 
est fires, several woods fires 
have started in his county dur- 
ing this summer's drouth spell. 
When a heavy cloud appeared re- 
cently, the towerman, James 
Hooks, kept a close lookout. 
Suddenly, without warning, the 
cloud unleashed a mighty stroke 
at the tower. Mr. Hooks said, 
however, he ''didn't even feel a 
tingle' ' as a result of the bolt. 



TALKING SMOKEY--A brand new Smokey, this one a life-sized, me- 
chanical talking bear, proves an attraction to some of the bathers 
at Peeks' park in Cedartown. The bear, currently "on tour" in Polk 
County, is being carried by Ranger James Carter to county stores, 
farms, county meetings and public gathering places throughout his 
county in a campaign to acquaint Polk citizens with the dangers of 
forest fires. The bear also recently appeared on WROM-TV in Rome. 
The girls are, from left to right, Judy Murphy, Janet Lauie, Dolly 
Ann Young and Phyllis Williams. 





- - - A 

EQUIPMENT DEMONSTRATION- -District Foresters of the 
Georgia Forestry Commission recently had an oppor- 
tunity to inspect nearly every type of light forest 
fire suppression equipment in the state. The oc- 
casion was an "equipment field day" held near the 
Commission' s Macon shop and warehouse. Implement 
dealers put various tractors and plows through their 



paces, and the District Foresters made close in- 
spections of comparable fire breaks, turning capa- 
bilities and many other factors. A brush cutter 
used as a hardwood control tool is displayed, photo 
at left. The machine is capable of breaking down 
trees up to six inches in diameter. District For- 
esters, above, inspect break made by brush cutter. 



W.C. Hammerle 
SPMI Officer 

W. C. Hammerle, former Georgia 
State Forester, has been appoint- 
ed executive secretary of the 
recently organized Southeastern 
Pine Marketing Institute, Carl 
Brice, Institute President, an- 
nounced. 

Mr. Hammerle also has served 
as a State Forester in South 
Carolina, and he was Chief 
Forester of the Southern Pine 
Association for 10 years. Since 
December 1, 1953, he has been 
on the staff of the Forest Far- 
mers Assn., Atlanta, Ga. , as 
managing editor and advertising 
manager of '"The Forest Farmer" 
magazine. He has been engaged 
in forestry activities in tlie 
South since 1936 and is well 
known in the lumber, allied in- 
dustry and professional forestry 
circles throughout the region 
and nationally. 

According to Mr. Brice, plans 
are going forward for establish- 
ing headquarters at Savannah, 
Ga., and for holding a series of 
SPMI four- state meetings to 
activate the organization's 
program. 

The Institute is composed of 
some 40 pine manufacturers in 
the states of Florida, Georgia 
and North and South Carolina. 



Commission Pledges Support 
In Soil Conservation Activity 



Assurance of ''100 per cent 
cooperation' ' of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission and all Com- 
mission personnel in Soil Con- 
servation Week activities Sept- 
ember 12-19 has been pledged by 
Guyton DeLoach, Commission Dir- 
rector. 

Mr. DeLoach said the 135 Ran- 
gers in the Commission's pro- 
tected counties will emphasize 
during the special week ''the 
definite integration which ex- 
ists between Georgia's forests 
and the conservation of the 
soils of our state.'' 

Lauding the work of the Soil 
Conservation Service, the Com- 
mission Director pointed out, 
''This organization always has 
taken a leading part, not only 
in the reforestation activities 
of our state, but in the forest 
fire prevention and forest fire 
control activities as well. The 
maintenance and building up of 
good, well- managed watershed 
areas in Georgia is a challenge 
which faces not only the Soil 
Conservation Service and the 
Georgia Forestry Commission, but 



all our citizens. ' ' 

The Commission head recently 
cited the proclamation issued 
by Governor Herman Talmadge 
setting Soil Conservation Week 
September 12-19. 

''Whereas,'' the proclamation 
declared, ''one of the basic 
elements of security and pros- 
perity is the production of 
feed, clothing, and other agri- 
cultural products, 

' 'Whereas, it is essential that 
soil conservation be emphasized 
and practice." if we are to con- 
tinue to make available these 
goods in sufficient quantities 
to meet human needs, 

' 'Whereas, this can be accom- 
plished only by the cooperation 
of all those engaged in the pro- 
duction of crops, timber and 
livestock, 

''Therefore, I , Herman E. Tal- 
madge, Governor of Georgia, do 
hereby proclaim the week of 
September 12 through 19, 1954, 
as Soil Conservation Week, a per- 
iod when our citizens should 
emphasize the saving of our 
soil." 



Hitchiti-- 

(Continued from Page 6) 



SEPTEMBER, 1 954 



10 



will have a vital effect on 
everyone from the forest farmer 
on up through the final producer 
and consumer of forest products.' ' 

Studies are under way now to 
compare advantages and disadvan- 
tages of the selective system 
of management, under which trees 
of varying ages are grown on 
the same area, with those of 
the even age rvianagement plan, 
on which a forest stand is de- 
voted exclusively to trees of 
the same age. Studies also are 
under way to determine what 
kind of forest products the 
farmer can best grow, what cut- 
tingfrequency is best suited for 
the farmer's business, and what 
the farmer's returns are from 
selling stumpage, as contrasted 
with harvesting and selling cut 
products. 

Hardwood control and a study 
to determine what hapens to the 
unmerchantable pine saplings 
left after clear cutting are 
among other topics being invest- 
igated. Included in the Center's 
list of research problems is a 
search for control methods of 
honeysuckle, long one of the 
headaches of Georgia tree far- 
mers. 

Ample provisions are made 
for fire cont r-o 1 on the 
forests. A jeep plow and a 
pickup truck equipped with a 
2-00 gallon water tank are part 
of the fire suppression equip- 
ment, and cooperation with the 
U.S. Forest Service and Jones 
County Forestry Unit assures 
additional aid should it be 
required. 

Sales and volume harvest of 
pulpwood and sawlogs are easily 
ascertained throughout the years 
with a minimum of bookkeeping 
via an agreement with dealers 
whereby he keeps such records 
and makes them available to the 
research staff at any time they 
are required. 

Cooperative projects are car- 
ried on at the Station with the 
Georgia Forestry Commission and 
the University of Georgia, with 
a graduate University student 
doing work at the project site. 



? 







i/rt # 



TIMBER CROP FOR THE FU1URE--M. E. Murphy, right, Superintendent, 
Merty Nursery, the Georgia Forestry Commission's forest tree seed- 
ling nursery at Albany, shows two District Foresters his 1954-' 55 
crop. District Foresters are H.P. Allen, left, of the Camilla 
District, and Olin Witherington, right, of the Americus District. 
Mr. Murphy estimates a crop of 27,000,000 seedlings this year. 



QQWe JtelfUn?- SPCA Reports— 



(Continued from Page 3) 
displayed to explain to tourists 
and visitors the naval stores 
methods and operations under 
way at the demonstration site. 

The Swamp Park area, across 
the road from the State Forest 
portion, will be devoted to a 
reforestation project. Club 

members will plant the seedlings 
this fall, and the plantation 
will be developed under latest 
modern methods of forest mana- 
gement . 

The Waycross projects marks the 
second forest demonstration site 
plan to be undertaken by the 
Georgia Federation of Women's 
Clubs. Club members earlier 
opened a 20-acre demonstration 
area on the Chattahoochee Nat- 
ional Forest on U.S. Highway 
123 between Cornelia and Toccoa. 



(Continued from Page 3) 

This is of great importance to 
the State whose economy is so 
closely related and dependent 
upon its forests and forest 
industries. 

The industry grew nearly two 
and one-half million of these 
trees in nurseries operated by 
Union Bag and Paper Corporation; 
St. Regis Paper Company of Flor- 
ida, and Bowaters Southern Paper 
Corporation of Tennessee. The 
remaining approximate 40 million 
were purchased from the state 
nursery operated by the Georgia 
Forestry Commission. The bal- 
ance was secured from TVA. 

The industry planted 30,682 
acres of its lands and contri- 
buted to small landowners enough 
trees to plant 11,681 acres. 



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FORESTRY 







OCTOBER, 1954 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Editorial 

Georgia Is Pulpwood Leader 



(From the 

While not as euphonius as is 
the allusion to the delicious 
peach, Georgia's ''name'' validly 
could be the ' 'Pulpwood State. ' ' 
Pulpwood has become increasingly 
important in our economy in the 
last decade or so, and we find 
now that the ''Peach State'' last 
year produced more cordage than 
any other Southern State. 

According to the Forest Service 
of the U. S. Department of Agri- 
culture, 1953 was the South' s 
record year for pulpwood produc- 
tion, with Georgia leading all 
of the 12 producing Dixie States. 
And Clinch Gountyled all of the 
787 Southern counties in pro- 
ducing almost 147,000 cords. 

Cordage in Georgia last year 
totaled 2 ,879,000, with Mississ- 
ippi rating second with 1,923, 
000. Alabama produced 1,765,000 
cords, while Florida, Louisiana, 
North Carolina, South Carolina, 
Arkansas, Oklahoma, Tennessee, 
Texas and Virginia produced 
1,600,000 or less. 

There has been a steady in- 
crease in pulpwood production in 
Georgia during the last three 
years. 



Columbus Ledger) 

If this represented nothing 
more than the razing of forests 
of small trees or the gathering 
of scrap, stunted growths and 
by-products, there would be no 
cause for rejoicing. Ultimately 
such supplies would be exhausted 
and an industry would have been 
lost. 

But it reflects a scientific 
approach to forestry, refores- 
tation and careful cutting prac- 
tices - in short, the practice 
of ' ' tree farming' ' which has 
shown that trees can be grown 
as a cash crop. 

Unfortunately, vast acreages 
of virgin pine were stripped 
from the face of the South late 
last century and through the 
early years of this one, with 
little if any attempt at con- 
servation and reforestation. No 
longer is that true. We are in 
an enlightened age now in which 
more and more trees can be grown 
while more and more are pro- 
cessed for the ever- increasing 
demand for pulp and other tim- 
ber uses. 



Vol. 7 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

October, 1954 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 



No. 10 



Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Varn, Chairman _. Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo 

John M. McElrath Macon H. O. Cummings Donalsonville 



Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 

Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS— ... Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

* * * * 

DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 



DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

Statesboro 
DISTRICT II— P. O. Box 26, 

Camilla 
DISTRICT III— P. O. Box 169, 

Americus 
DISTRICT IV— P. O. Box 333, 

Newnan 
DISTRICT V— P. O. Box 328, 

McRae 



DISTRICT VI— P. O. Box 505, 

Milledgeville 
DISTRICT VII--Route 1, 

Rome 
DISTRICT VIII— P. O. Box 811, 

vVaycross 
DISTRICT IX— P. O. Box 416, 

Gainesville 
DISTRICT X— P. O. Box 302, 

Washington 



Ale, Go-dly 

(From the Bulloch Herald) 

Watch your matches. Be careful 
with your picnic fire. Make 
sure of your cigarette. 

Let there be no doubt in your 
mind about the death of your 
matches, your fire, your cigar- 
ettes. 

For each can be dangerous if 
left alive. Each can bring 

ruin, disaster, and tragedy to 
our woodlands. 

J. W. Roberts, Bulloch County 
Forest Ranger, advises us this 
week that the woodland areas of 
our county are ''tinder dry.'' 

With our woods in this condi- 
tion in the midst of one of 
our driest summers in recent 
years the slightest spark or 
carelessly tossed match or cigar- 
ette can set off in seconds a 
woods fire which might take our 
forest protection unit hours to 
control. 

Even more dangerous is the 
threat which comes from careless 
burning of brush and trash. 

Mr. Roberts urges, he begs, 
all citizens planning brush or 
trash burning in or near wooded 
areas to first phone him at 501-L 
to see whether the fire danger 
rating for that day is low enough 
to allow burning. 

There's a price tag on every 
woods fire that burns in Bul- 
loch county. Regardless of 
where you live, who you are, or 
what you do, part of that price 
comes out of your pocket. 

Qua Gove* 

Forests safeguard our greatest 
storehouses for the water which 
provides the power for indus- 
trial America, water which is 
the great reagent of our manu- 
factories, and water which sus- 
tains the plant, animal and 
human life of our land. As 
Georgia' s drought assumes record 
proportions and threatens her 
agriculture and industry, our 
forest-stored waters - held in 
the laps of our green woodlands- 
con.^ I ilute a lifeblood supply. 



OCTOBER, 1954 



4-H Forestry Champs Announced 
At Statewide Congress In Atlanta 



Edward Nelson, of Richmond 
County, and Marianne Gil lis, of 
Treutlen County, have been named 
the 1954 State 4-H forestry 
champions. 

The Nelson youth won in the 
boys' division with a demonstra- 
tion on planting and the uses of 
wood. Miss Gillis, state 4-H 
club president, won in the girls' 
division with a hardwood control 
demonstration. 

The youthful champions emerged 
victorious f r on a field of 11 
top contenders who vied for state 
honors at the 4-H Congress held 
in Atlanta during the final week 
of September. 

The two winners will go to the 
national competetions in Chicago 
as guests of Southern Bell Tele- 
phone and Telegraph Company, 
sponsor of the 4-H forestry pro- 
gram in Georgia. Nelson will 
compete with other state winners 
from throughout the United States 
for the national forestry cham- 
pionship and the $300 forestry 
scholarship awarded annually by 
{Continued on Page 9) 

PRUNING DEMONSTRATION--Elizabeth 
County, gives demonstration on p 
Pine. 




STATE WINNER- -Richmond County's Edward Nelson demonstrates uses 
of wood. His demonstration also included pointers on planting. 



Coffee, of Banks GIRLS' DIVISION WINNER--Marianne Gillis, of 

runing Southern Treutlen County, shows how to control hardwoods in 
Southern Pine stands. 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



9*1 Soltoall ZmfdiaAioed 



Increased emphasis on forestry 
educational work in public 
schools, especially through the 
showing of 16 millimeter films, 
was announced this month by the 
Georgia Forestry Commission as 
one of its primary objectives 
during the current school season. 

In line with that objective is 
the current expansion of the 
Commission's film library. A 
total of 138 films on a variety 
ol forestry topics ranging from 
fire suppression and prevention 
to management and reforestation 
now comprises the film library. 

' "Tommorrow's tree farmers and 
the citizens of the future who 
will be responsible for the pre- 
vention of forest fires,'" said 
Guyton DeLoach Commission Dir- 
ector, ''are in today's class- 
rooms. We believe that one of 
the best methods at hand for 
acquainting these young people 
with the value and significance 
of the forest resources of their 



state is through the world of 
films." 

Most films from the Commission 
library are shown by County For- 
est Rangers, who accompany the 
showing with a brief talk on 
value of local forests to their 
immediate area. Many other 

showings, however, are made by 
the teachers themselves, who 
order the films through their 
County Ranger or directly from 
the Georgia Forestry Commission. 

Civic clubs and agricultural 
organizations also show many 
forestry films. 

Many films which previously 
had not been stocked in the Com- 
mission library now have been 
obtained. 

Among them is a 15 -minute film 
''Better Timber,'' which shows 
how trees can be cut for a pro- 
fit and yet leave the woods in 
a good, fast growing condition. 

Another color film "Lifeblood 
{Continued on Page 10) 



9*t Metwaiiitnt 

Matthew W. Page 

1921 - 1954 



Hie Georgia Forestry Commission extends its utmost sympathy 
to the family of Seminole County Ranger Matthew W. Page in 
their recent bereavement. Mr. Page died September 13 as a 
result of injuries received while collecting pine cones. 

Mr. Page, according to fellow personnel of the Seminole 
County Forestry Unit, left headquarters at 8:30 a.m., Septem- 
ber 13, to collect Slasu pine cones. Prior to leaving, Mr. 
Page instructed his patrolman, G. M. Granberry, not to call 
him, as he would be away from the radio. 

When Mr. Page had not returned by 7 p.m., Patrolman 
Granberry began a search. The truck was found at 8: 30 p.m. 
one-and-one-half miles from Donalsonvil le, parked alongside 
the highway. Mr. Granberry obtained aid for his search at a 
nearby farmhouse, and Mr. Page was found shortly afterward at 
the base of a 40- foot tree from which he had fallen. The 
undertaker at Donalsonville stated that Mr. Page died instantly. 

Funeral services were held at Live Oak, Fla. , September 15. 

Mr. Page is survived by his wife, the former Miss Mildred 
Gill, of Live Oak, and three children, Virgil, age six; 
Richard, age four, and Virginia, two years of age. He was a 
graduate of the Forest Ranger's School at Lake City, Fla. 



New Boards 
Appointed 



County Forestry Boards have 
been appointed to direct opera- 
tion of two County Forestry Units 
recently created when forest 
protection agreements were signed 
between the Georgia Forestry 
Commission and Pulaski and Wash- 
ington counties, Guyton DeLoach, 
Commission Director, announced 
this month. 

Board members of the newly 
formed Bleckley and Banks-Hall 
units will be announced soon. 

The Forestry Board in each 
county is composed of five prom- 
inent local citizens and land- 
owners who are appointed by the 
Commission Director. The Board 
acts in an advisory capacity to 
the county Forestry Unit and 
assists the Commission in carry- 
ing out the forestry program in 
the county. 

The newly -named board members 
are as follows: 

PULASKI COUNTY: Robert Rush, 
Hawkinsville; West Conner, Haw- 
kinsville; C. C. Danniels, Haw- 
kinsville; Nick Cabero, Hawkin- 
sville, and Clarence Finleyson, 
Finleyson. 

WASHINGTON COUNTY: Cecil 
Hodges, Oconee; A. A. Sargent, 
Warthen; Dr. William Pawlings, 
Sandersville; J.C. Archer, 

Sandersville; and E. Pierce Wood, 
Sandersville. 

Rangers in the newly organized 
units are Lester Thompson, Bleck- 
ley County; Samuel M. Martin, 
Washington County; and C. T. 
Cantrell, Banks -Hall Counties. 
The Pulaski County Ranger will 
be appointed soon. 

The four new counties' total 
forest acreage including state, 
private and federal fores tlands 
are: Banks, 93,583 acres; Bleck- 
ley, 75,686 acres; Pulaski, 
83,881 acres, and Washington 
259,679 acres. 

' 'By signing protection agree- 
ments this year,'' said DeLoach, 
' ' these four new counties have 
substantially boosted the state's 
program. The new counties are 
four big steps toward our goal 
of bringing every county in Geor- 
gia under organized protection. " 



OCTOBER, 1 954 






Utilization of thinning prin- 
ciples has gained considerable 
headway in Georgia, and these 
principles are used in the maj- 
ority of instances where land 
use classification is not to be 
changed. 

This conclusion, one of several 
reached during a survey of pulp- 
wood cutting and selling prac- 
tices, was one of several con- 
tained in a recent report of the 
survey entitled, ' ' Pulpwood 
Selling Practices in Georgia.' ' 

The Georgia Experiment Station 
conducted the survey in 15 Geor- 
gia counties. Other conclusions 
are as follows: 

1. The sale of pulp timber 
ranks high in Georgia's economy. 

2. Clear cutting of pulpwood 
stands occurs rather frequently, 
but embraces a comparatively 
small total acreage. 

3. Stands that are clear cut 
are usually so cut for the ac- 
complishment of some agricul- 
tual purpose that requires 
cleared land. 

4. Most landowners are meet- 
ing their responsibilities on the 
land that is intended to be left 
in forest. 

5. The pulp and paper indus- 
try, through the Southern Pulp- 
wood Conservation Association 
and the efforts of the individual 
mills, has been generally suc- 
cessful in its program of pro- 
moting better forest management 
practices in pulpwood stands. 
In some counties, however, there 
seems to be a need for the deal- 
ers and producers to stress the 
use of proper cutting methods 
when dealing with landowners. 

' 'Nineteen per cent of the sale 
acres observed,' according to 
the report summary, ''had been 
thinned. These sales in which 
thinning was employed accounted 
for 76 per cent of the acreage 
that was cut for pulpwood. ' 



Nurseries To Ship 
132 Million Seedlings 



Lifting and shipping of an es- 
timated 132 million tree seed- 
lings grown by the Georgia For- 
estry Commission's four nurser- 
ies will begin sometime around 
November 15, according to Guyton 
DeLoach, Director of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission. 

''The anticipated 132 million 
seedlings,'' the director de- 
clared, ''will exceed the number 
of seedlings ever grown in any 
one single year and will be a 
sufficient number to reforest 
between 120,000 and 130,000 
acres of land. ' ' 

Species and anticipated pro- 
duction of trees were outlined 
by DeLoach as follows: 

Slash Pine, 100,624,400; Lob- 
lolly, 29,674,400; Longleaf, 
893,100; Shortleaf, 760,000; 
BlackLocust, 134,500; Red Cedar, 
180,500; Arizona Cypress, 130, 
000; Yellow Poplar, 118,000; and 
several thousand White Pine. 

Davisboro Nursery, the Commis- 
sion's largest, again is expected 
to lead in production with ap- 
proximately 40, 960, 000 seedlings. 
Expected production for Herty 
Nursery is 27,847,000; High tower 
Nursery, 23,862,500; and Horse- 



shoe Bend Nursery, 40,412,900. 

Soil fertility tests are being 
conducted at each of the four 
nurseries to determine optimum 
fertility for growing pine seed. 
Soils from all nurseries have 
been analyzed for present nu- 
trient levels, fertilized ac- 
cordingly, and planted in seed. 
Nursery officials report that 
the knowledge gained from the 
fertility experiments will en- 
able them to produce more and 
heal their seedlings in the fu- 
ture. 

Mr. DeLoach declared that 
Georgia seems certain to con- 
tinue as the national leader in 
planting of acres to forest trees 
with an all time high record for 
production of seedlings from the 
state nurseries. He also pointed 
out that seedling production may 
be reduced by unforeseen and un- 
predictable insect and disease 
attacks and other damaging fac- 
tors. This danger exists, des- 
pite the fact that constant ef- 
forts are being exerted to limit 
to a minimum the loss of seed- 
lings in the nurseries and to 
insure a large supply of seed- 
lings for delivery to landowners. 



HIGHTOWER RIVER NURSERY- -Nursery workers, below, are shown weed- 
ing out the young crop of growing seedlings at Hightower Nursery. 
Georgia Forestry Commission officials report that Hightower is ex- 
pected to produce 24 million seedlings this year. 





I Pin* BeedQack 



1. Cones are collected at one of the "cone dumps" which each 
Unit maintains at strategic locations about the county. 

2. Big trucks carry the cones to the warehouse, where they are 
dumped. Ihis scene shows the Baxley warehouse. 

3. Cones are stored in the drying shed. 

4. After being dried, the cones are carried by movable belt out 
of the drying shed to the de-winger. 

5. Seeds are shaken loose from cones in the de-winger. 

6. Forest Engineer N. E. Brooks counts seeds to determine num- 
ber of seeds per pound. 

7. Germination of seed is checked by Mr. Brooks. 



Georgia's most productive and 
highly mechanized ''pine seed 
factory' ' was in high gear this 
month. 

The ''factory,'' located at 
the Georgia Forestry Commission' s 
Macon Warehouse and Shop area, 
this month was processing 750 
bushels of cones daily, with an 
eight hour production of 500 
pounds of dry seed. 

The plant is also equipped 
with drying sheds capable of 
drying 3,000 bushels of cones 
at a time. 

Established as a part of the 
Commission's accelerated refor- 
estation program which has made 
the state the nation's pace 
setter in tree planting, the 
assembly line arrangement for 
cone handling and seed prepara- 
tion assures a top supply of 
good quality seed for planting 
in the nurseries. 

The plant's ultimate objective 
is to build up a supply of seed 
sufficient to grow enough seed- 
lings to meet the demand for 
planting stock in any two year 
period. 

When the truckloads of green, 
unripened cones begin arriving 
in September, they are immedia- 
tely placed in the cone drying 
sheds and left for 15 days in 
temperature ranging from 70 to 
90 degrees. Exhaust fans and 
blower fans provide for adequate 
circulation. 




J i I IP p 



; 9*1 eMialt CjeaA 

Within the sheds, the cones 
are spread out for drying on 
neih wire racks mounted in hori- 
zontal tiers along both sides of 
the sheds. The racks can be 
nechajiically emptied by a trick 
release. 

When the cones are dried to 
:he point where the winged seeds 
;an be shaken loose, they are 
smptied on the floor of the 
drying shed, where a conveyor 
aelt carries cones - as well as 
seeds which have already fallen 
from sane, of the cones - out of 
;he building and onto another 
;onveyor . 

The second conveyor carries 
:he cones into the processing 
xiilding and directly to a large, 
Dox-shaped shaker. The cones 
inter the forward end of the 
shaker and are rotated in a 
steel mesh rotating drum. The 
rolling and tumbling action 
separates seeds from cones. The 
emptied cones are immediately 
noved from the shaker through a 
trap door in the side of the 
Duilding and run on a conveyor 
:o a concrete block incinerator 
for rapid burning. 

The extracted seed drops from 
;he cone shaker and is sent by 
:onveyor and elevator to the de- 
vinger. With the wings removed, 
:he seed is transferred to the 
Clipper Cleaner, where it is 
:leaned and prepared fox stor- 
(Continued on Page 10) 

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GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Afupeali Ouued 4?o* 
Keep. Qn&en Cnt^Uei 



Appeals from Georgia forestry 
leaders for additional county 
participation in the fourth an- 
nual Keep Georgia Green contest 
was issued this month. 

The contest is sponsored by 
the Georgia Forestry Association 
to, increase united public co- 
operation in the prevention of 
forest fires and offers cash 
prizes to winning counties. 

1 'The deadline for entering 
the 1955 contest,'' Hugh Dobbs, 
Association President, declared, 
' ' is fast approaching. It costs 
nothing to enter the contest, 
and, as Keep Green leaders in 
several counties throughout the 
state can testify, your entry 
may be the opening action in the 
winning of a large cash award.' 1 

Mr. Dobbs announced that all 
counties cooperating with the 
Georgia Forestry Commission's 
statewide fire control program 
on July 1, 1954, are eligible. 

H. E. Ruark, Fire Control 



Chief, Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion, also pointed out the op- 
portunities which exist for 
counties entering the contest. 

' 'Although the Keep Green con- 
test is not an official project 
of the Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion,' Mr. Ruark said, ''we 
are giving this activity full 
encouragement. Georgia during 
coming months may be facing one 
of its most critical forest fire 
seasons. The Georgia Forestry 
Commission welcomes and gives 
full encouragement to an activity 
such as this which has proved 
to have been a definite deter- 
rent to the starting of wild- 
fires in every county which ever 
has entered the contest.'' 

The Commission official pointed 
out that Keep Green leaders in 
counties which have won cash 
prizes in other years have de- 
clared their are^s ''received 
benefits far in excess of their 
dollars and cents rewards. 



TOURIST ATTKACTION--This Crown Mountain Tower site in Lumpkin 
County continually draws the praise of visitors as "one of the most 
picturesque spots in the North Georgia area." Personnel of the 
Forestry Lnit have fenced in the tower and a portion of the sur- 
rounding land and constructed a sturdy picnic shed at the entrance. 
Fire prevention messages are posted conspicuously about the area. 




Georgia High 
In Paper, Board 
Production 

Georgia pulpmills annually pro- 
duce more than a million tons 
of paper, paperboard and allied 
paper products, according to a 
survey rea leased this month b 
the bureau of the Census, U.S. 
Department of Commerce. 

The report, a final compilation 
of figures covering the years 
1951 and 1952, showed Georgia 
is one of the leading southern 
states in paper and board pro- 
duction. xh e 1951 production 

was 1,036,307 tons and the 1952 
total was 1,010,430 tons. 

Georgia also was a leader in 
wood pulp production, with the 
state's mills producing 1,209, 
445 tons in 1951 and 1,227.057 
in 1952. 

Although Georgia paper produc- 
tion figures for years more re- 
cent than 1952 have not yet been 
released, a newly issued south- 
wide Bureau of the Census report 
shows that the South in 1953 ac- 
counted for 37 per cent of the 
nation's output of paper pro- 
ducts. The paper products pro- 
duced in the area during that 
year totaled 9,770,241 . tons . In 
the nation as a whole the total 
was 26,458,781 tons. 

The greater part of the South's 
paper output - 5,528,597 tons - 
consisted of paperboard. The 
balance of the paper output in 
the Southern region was divided 
as follows: 

Coarse paper, 2,069,109 tons; 
newsprint, 248,898; special in- 
dustrial uses, 201,469 tons; un- 
coated book paper, 191,060 tons; 
fine paper, 116,227 tons; and 
sanitary tissue stock, 66,145 
tons . 

Another report from the Ameri- 
can Pulpwood Association pointed 
out the nation's pulp and paper 
companies increased their ex- 
penditures for forest management 
work from $4, 000, 000 in 1945 to 
$14,400,000 in 1952. 

Georgia's mounting contribu- 
tions toward the South's high 
record in paper and paperboard 
production is reflected in the 
fact that Georgia farmers and 
{Continued on Page 10) 



Rangers In 
The News 

Issuing of an official Keep 
Barrow County Green pledge as 
the latest innovation in the 
county's competition for the 
annual Keep Georgia Green award 
was reported this month by Ran- 
ger George Bower. 

Copies of the pledge, attract- 
ively printed on green , gilt- 
type paper, are being distri- 
buted to Barrow County land- 
owners . Space is provided for 
the signature of the landowner 
and of the Chairman of the 
County Forestry Council. 

' I believe, ' ' the pledge 
reads, ' in the good earth , in 
the beauty and strength of its 
hills and valleys, its fields 
and fo res ts , 

' 'As because I believe these 
things, I shall do my best to 
notify my County Forestry Unit 
prior to debris burning and will 
give 24 hours notice for control 
burning. In case of unattended 
fire in my community, I will 
give my services in helping to 
get fire under control.'' 



OCTOBER, 1954 




Citizens in Crisp County look 
upon wildfire as a public res- 
ponsibility, not as a responsi- 
bility of the County Forestry 
Unit alone, according to Ranger 
W. H. Tvedt. 

The Ranger cited as proof of 
the interests which citizens o 
his county take in fire preven- 
tion and five fighting a recent 
fire which drew 14 volunteer 
workers and which was reported 
to the Unit by seven different 
persons. 

Ranger Tvedt also reported 
incorporation of a grid detec- 
tion system for reporting fires 
in several areas blind to the 
county's single fire tower. Each 
section of the six grids is 
manned by a volunteer ' ' smoke 
spotter'' whose responsibility 
it is to notify the Ranger of 
any smokes in his grid section. 





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SMOKEY AT THE RODEO- -Smokey the Bear is given a few last minute 
instructions by Morgan -Walton County Ranger W. D. Palmer on how to 
behave at the 4-H Club Parade and Rodeo. The bear was one of the 
outstanding attractions of the event, which was held recently at 
Madison. The Unit's fire suppression equipment also was featured 
in the parade and rodeo. 



RAINBOW VALLEY BOYS- -Tips on forestry and forest fire prevention 
plus real, old-time mountain music highlight programs of the Rainbow 
Valley boys, whose melodies are becoming familiar to many perfjons in 
the Seventh District area. The group includes, left to right, 
Oliver Brown, Assistant District Forester Frank Craven, Olan Brown, 
Chattooga County Ranger J. B. White, Towerman Otis Brown, ana 
Clarence Brown. The group is heard each Saturday at 1:45 P.m. over 
Radio Station WTGA in Summerville. Ranger White and Mr. Craven 
present the forestry topics, and the other men provide the music. 
The group also has presented programs over WROM-TV in Home and in 
Chattanooga. 





{Continued -from Page 9) 
American Forest Products Indus- 
tries. 

A mounted board showing various 
species of wood, their leaves, 
and their fruit was one of the 
highlights of Nelson's demon- 
stration. A glass-sided box 
served to help demonstrate proper 
planting methods. 

Miss bill-is' s demonstration 
featured tiie use of chemicals to 
remove undesirable hardwoods 
from stands of pine. 

Other top contenders in the 
statewide competitions were 
Sarah Frances Wheeler, of Grady 
County, whose demonstration 
showed various methods of pro- 
tecting pine trees; Fay Wood, of 
Hancock County, whose demonstra- 
tion was entitled "How to Pro- 
tect the Farm Woodlands;" 
El izabeth Coffee, of Banks County, 
whose demonstration featured the 
pruning of Southern pine, and 
Janis McCreary, of Worth County, 
who gave a demonstration on tree 
planting. 

Others were Hegmald Denton, of 
White County, who gave a demon- 
stration on identification and 
use of Georgia frees; James 
Burson, of Cobb County, whose 
demonstration was entitled "How 
a Tree Grows;" Jerry Lanier, of 
Candler County, who gave a 
demonstration. on acid stimulation 
in naval stores; George Spires, 
of Telfair County, whose demon- 
stration was entitled "Acid Will 
Do the Work," and Don Bridges, 
of Terrell County, who gave a 
demonstration on chemical control 
of undesirable hardwoods. 

CHAMPIONSHIP CONTENDEKS-- 
Others competing for top ranking 
in the state forestry finals in- 
cluded, top photo, George Spires, 
of Telfair County, who described 
acid stimulation in naval stores; 
Jerry Lanier, of Candler County, 
center, left, who also described 
acid stimulation; lay Wood, of 
Hancock County, center, right, 
who described "How to Protect 
the larm Woodlands," and Reginald 
Denton, of White County, bottom 
photo, who demonstrated identi- 
fication and use of Georgia 
trees. 



(Continued from Page 3) 

of the Land,'' describes the 
relationship between trees and 
water. ''Little Smokey,'' a 

15-m:inute sound filrTlj brings to 

the screen the youngsters' be- 
loved Hopalong Cassidy, who 
tells the story of Little Smokey 
while sipping coffee around a 
campfire. 

Of interest to nature lovers 
isa 27-minute color film, 
''Realm of the Wild, " which por- 
trays wildlife in its natural 
habitat and shows the relation- 
ship between wildlife and for- 
estry. 

All Commission films are loaned 
without charge, except for the 
return transportation cost. All 
are sound films and must be run 
on a sound projector, or the 
films will be ruined. 



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FORESTRY LESSON FOR BRAZILIANS- -One of the stopping points for 
two Brazilians studying this nation's agricultural and forestry 
progress was Elbert County. Jose Ribeiro, left, Ranger Albert 
Mooney, center, and Cantalue OeMedeiros look over an Elbert County 
Forestry Unit fire suppression tractor. The men also visited 
Harper tower. Mr. Ribeiro is a district Extension Agent from 
Curvelo, Brazil. 



Pine Seed Factory--- Paper And Board- 



age. The cleaned seed is put 
into 100 pound bags. 

Transferred to 250 pound steel 
drums, the seed is moved into a 
38 to 40 degree cold storage 
room. 

The entire process - from the 
time the cones are delivered to 
the storage shed to their being 
placed in the cold storage room 
- is performed in 19 days. (Cone 
drying facilities at the Macon 
center are augmented by drying 
sheds and mechanical shakers at 
Baxley. The sheds at Baxley have 
a capacity of 6,000 bushels, 
and extracted seed is trans- 
ported to Macon for cleaning, 
de-winging and storage. ) 

The laboratory at the Macon 
site serves as the control cen- 
ter for handling, processing and 
distribution of seed. N.E. 
Brooks, veteran Commission For- 
est Engineer, directs operations 
at the cone processing center 
and doubles as laboratory tech- 
nician. He will start germina- 
tion tests in December, thereby 
allowing time to furnish full 
planting information to the 
nurseries before the beds are 
seeded. 



{Continued, from Page 7) 

Individual germination tests 



are run on each separate lot of 
seed. Eight different sub- 

samples, consisting of 100 seeds 
each, are used in the tests. 
Each sample is first carefully 
weighed, since it is necessary 
to know the number of seeds per 
pound in order to determine 
correctly the amount of seed 
needed by the nurseries to plant 
in their beds. 

The samples of 100 seeds are 
stored in small bags placed in 
buckets of moss at temperatures 
slightly above freezing. Slash 
pine are stored at the cold tem- 
peratures for 14 days, loblolly 
for 30 days. The 100 seeds in 
each sample then are placed in a 
layer of sand, vermiculite or 
German peat moss, or a mixture 
of the three. 

For the following 30 days, the 
lab temperature is maintained at 
between 65 and 80 degrees and 
the seeds are under flourescent 
light at least eight hours daily. 
Weekly and total counts tell 
nursery superintendents exactly 
what percentage of their seed 
will develop into healthy, grow- 
ing seedlings. 



(Continued from Page 7) 



landowners annually are produc- 
ing more pulpwood than those of 
any other Southern state, a sit- 
uation which has held true for 
the past six years. 

The state's pulpwood produc- 
tion last year was 2,879,168 
standard cords, or approximately 
956, 000 cords more than the near- 
est runner-up state in pulpwood 
production, Mississippi. 

''The fact that Georgia's pulp- 
mills today are producing more 
than a million tons of paper 
annually,'' said W. H. McComb, 
Management Chief, Georgia For- 
estry Commission, ' 'serves as 
one of the most highly encour- 
aging factor in existence today 
for those contemplating tree 
farming, either on a full time 
or a part time basis. 

'Georgia's tremendous paper 
production, ' ' he continued, ' ' in- 
dicates to the Georgia tree 
farmer not only that a steady 
market exists today for the 
products of farm woodlot, but 
that such a market will continue 
to be in existence for years to 
come. ' 



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Vol.7 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

November, 1954 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 



No. 11 



Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Varn, Chairman _ Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo 

John M. McElrath Macon H. O. Cummings Donalsonville 



Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR ...Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

* * * * 

DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 



DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

Statesboro 
DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

Camilla 
DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

Americus 
DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 

Newrtan 
DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 

McRae 



DISTRICT VI— P. O. Box 505, 

Milledgeville 
DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Rome 
DISTRICT VIII— P. O. Box 811, 

Waycross 
DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

Gainesville 
DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 

Washington 



Biggest 
Bargain 



(From the Savannah News) 

The Georgia Forestry Commission 
is setting a terrific pace in 
forest progress in the state. 

Right after chalking up a Sou- 
thern record by distributing 
some 100,000,000 tree seedlings 
to farmers and landowners over 
the state last season, they 
have set the production goals 
for the 1954-55 season at 132, 
000,000 tree seedlings. 

This will, of course, break 
the old record and put Georgia 
•well into the forefront in that 
phase of its booming forestry 
program. Bit in other respects, 
the program has no equals. Geor- 
gia has a larger area of pri- 
vately-owned timberlands under 
fire protection than any other 
state in the nation. The sales 
and directly related manufactur- 
ing and processing incomes from 
our timberlands bolsters the 
economy of Georgia sane thing 
over $600,000,000 annually. 

Due to increased cost of pro- 
duction, the price for 1,000 
pine tree seedlings this coming 
season will be three dollars 
instead of $2.75. But even at 
that, the 1,000 pine trees, pro- 
perly planted and cared for, 
will be the biggest bargain of 
the year for Georgia's farmers 
and landowners. 



Qwi Coven 

FALL FOREST SHOW- -Nature' s 
paintbrush strokes Georgia' s 
woodlands at this time of the 
year and the forest puts on its 
gaudiest display. Millions ven- 
ture again to pathways and byways 
of the forest to view the ex- 
hibition in Georgia' s 23-million 
acre out-of-door showroom. The 
yearly color spectacle combines 
the rainbow hues of changing 
leaves to present a magnificent 
forest scene. 



NOVEMBER, 1 954 



Seedling 
Shipments 




in 



Latest transportation and com- 
munication methods - including 
two-way FM radio and a newly 
revised bookkeeping system - 
will be utilized to assure Geor- 
gia farmers and landowners of 
prompt and efficient delivery 
of their 1954-55 crop of forest 
tree seedlings. 

That announcement came from 
J.H. Hill, Reforestation Chief, 
Georgia Forestry Commission, as 
Commission nurseries prepared 
for their mid-November opening 
shipments of what is expected 
to be the greatest seedling dis- 
tribution season in Commission 
history. 

''Between now and the middle 
of March,'' Mr. Hill reported, 
"a total of 132,000,000 forest 
tree seedlings will be shipped 
from the Commission's four nur- 
series. Before the season's 
end. seedlings probably will 
be shipped to every county in 
Georgia. Shipments will vary 
from several hundred to hun- 
dreds of thousands. For that 
reason we are utilizing every 
means at our disposal to insure 
that Georgians will receive their 
seedlings in A-l healthy condi- 
tion - in as good a condition 
upon arrival as when they were 
pulled from the seed bed and 
taken to the packing shed.'' 

The reforestation chief point- 
ed out delivery trucks once again 
will be equipped with two-way FM 
radio so that drivers, upon 
entering a county where seed- 
lings are to be delivered, can 
contact the Ranger with a mini- 
mum of delay. 

''Our whole operation,'' Mr. 
Hill said, ''is geared to de- 
livering the seedlings from nur- 
sery to delivery point in as 
short a time as possible. We 
have found over the years that 
the more rapidly seedlings are 
planted or heeled in after de- 
livery, the greater the surviv- 
al. " 

He warned, however, that rapid 
(Continued on Page 10) 



Extreme Fire Danger 
Brings Ban On Hunting 



All hunting and camping and 
most fishing and picnicking have 
been banned throughout Georgia 
due to the extremely critical 
forest fire situation in the 
s tate. 

Governor Herman Talmadge issued 
the executive proclamation de- 
creeing the ban October 28. He 
took the action at the request 
of the Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion, the Georgia Game and Fish 
Commission, and the U.S. Forest 
Service . 

Only exception to the procla- 
mation was the hunting of Marsh 
Hens. 

''With fire occurrence over 
the state reaching 100 blazes 
daily, and with much of the fire 
suppression equipment in the 
southern part of the state en- 
gaged in confining swamp fires 
which have burned for weeks, 
the fire situation in our state 
has become potentially dias- 
trous,'' the Governor declared. 

Game and Fish Commission law 
enforcement personnel, the Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission law en- 
forcement branch, and peace of- 
ficers of the state have been 
directed to enforce the ban. 

FIGHT AGAINST WILDFIRE--This scene is being reenacted daily in 
many parts of Georgia where the intense drouth has made the woods a 
tinder box. A suppression unit of the Wilkes County Forestry Unit 
plows a break around a wildfire. 



The ban will continue in ef- 
fect until ''weather conditions 
have changed enough to reduce 
the present critical forest fire 
situation to normal.'' according 
to the proclamation.'' Fishing 
is permitted from boats only on 
the public and private lakes and 
streams, ''provided no form of 
fire be allowed of any nature.'' 

Picnicking is allowed only in 
designated areas, such as statp 
parks or roadside parks. 

The record drouth now shows a 
rainfall deficiency of from 15 
to 19 inches. Coupled with fre- 
quent high winds which are being 
experienced in some areas, the 
dry weather makes the easily in- 
flamable woods almost *'a powder 
keg, ready to explode,'' accord- 
ing to a description given by 
Mr. DeLoach. 

Forestry leaders have asked 
that all landowners and citizens 
exercise extreme caution with 
use of fire around living areas. 
All burning should be postponed 
until a sustained, soaking rain 
reduces the fire danger. 

Any persons sighting wildfires 
should report them immediately 
to their County Forest Ranger 
and immediately begin fighting 
the fire. 






* 




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COUNTY RANGERS RECEIVE TRAINING- -Twenty- three 
Rangers from all parts of Georgia attended the 
Georgia Forestry Commission' s three-day County 
Ranger* s School held recently at the Macon Shop 
and Warehouse. L. L. Lundy, Assistant Chief, Fire 
Control, left photo, instructs the group in tree 



New Forest Research Center 
Part Of Cooperative Effort 



Research - an essential and 
increasingly important part of a 
progressive forestry program - 
is coming to the forefront in 
Georgia 

Opening of a new forest re- 
search center last month at the 
Georgia Forestry Commission's 
Macon shop and warehouse area 
characterizes one of the key 
points in the state's ''new 
look'' in the forest research 
field - cooperative effort. The 
center represents combined ef- 
forts and work on the part of 
such organizations as the Geor- 
Forest Research Council, the 
Georgia School of Forestry, the 
U.S. Forest Service, private in- 
dustry and the Commission. 

The Research Center actually 
had its beginnings last fall 
following an act of the Georgia 
Legislature, which established 
the Georgia Research Council to 
coordinate the research func- 
tions of forestry agencies. 

Despite the fact, however, that 
it was not until last year that 
such a step had been made, a 
vigorous program of forest re- 
search had been carried out in 
Georgia prior to setting up of 
the Council. The main problem, 
as viewed by advocates of the 
Council, was a lack of coordi- 



nation between the various groups 
carrying out research projects. 
No facilities were available 
whereby the different groups 
could pool their information 
or assure that they were not 
working on similar projects. 

The Georgia Research Council 
already has begun work on over- 
coming many of these difficul- 
ties, and one of the Council's 
earliest projects was initiation 
of plans for the new Macon re- 
search Center. Offices and lab- 
oratory space at the center now 
house headquarters of the Hit- 
chiti Research Center, formerly 
located near. Gray, Ga. , and per- 
sonnel of the Forest Research 
Council. 

Since establishment of the 
Council, four research projects 
have been placed in operation 
in Georgia. They are insects 
and diseases, genetices, hard- 
wood control, and seed orchards. 

' 'Advanced research or new 
findings on any one of these 
four projects.'' said Guyton 
DeLoach, Commission Director and 
Secretary of the Georgia Forest 
Research Council, ''easily could 
result in vast, new economic 
possibilities and fields for 
the Georgia tree farmer - with 
a resultant economic advancement 
for the state at large. 



identification. In center photo, 0. L. Knott, I. 
and E. Assistant, demonstrates visual aids and I. 
and E. equipment maintenance. J. C. Turner, 
Assistant Chief, Fire Control, right photo, ex- 
plains fire suppression methods. 

RaHGek BcUooi 

Forestry topics ranging from 
administration to wildfire sup- 
pression were on the training 
schedule at the Georgia Fores- 
try Commission County Rangers' 
School held recently at the 
Macon Shop and Warehouse. 

Twenty- three Rangers from all 
parts of Georgia attended the 
three-day session. Rangers se- 
lected to attend the school were 
those who had not attended simi- 
lar Commission training ses- 
sions in the past. 

H.E. Ruark, Commission Fire 
Control Chief, opened the school 
by outlining the purpose of the 
training session and describing 
the use to which knowledge gain- 
ed in the various classes would 
be put. 

' 'Today's County Forest Ran- 
ger, ' ' said the Commission offi- 
cial, ''must have a decided 
ability to suppress wildfires; 
but this over-all duties encom- 
pass far more than this single 
ability. He must know how to 
gain the cooperation of the 
citizens of his community in 
preventing wildfire; he must be 
a good mechanic, and he must 
have a sufficient knowledge of 
forestry and good forestry prac- 
tices to give competent forestry 
aid and advice to citizens of 
his area. 

''It is with this purpose in 
mind,*' he added, ''that these 
courses are being presented.'' 

Commission personnel served 
as instructors. 

(Continued on Page 10 ) 



Attend 
School 



More than 100 foresters and 
industry representatives from 
eight southeastern states gath- 
ered recently at the University 
of Georgia School of Forestry to 
attend a three-day technical 
forest management school featur- 
ing a variety of topics ranging 
from genetics to forest taxation. 

The Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion, the University of Georgia 
School of Forestry and the Div- 
ision of General Extension, 
University of Georgia, sponsored 
the school . 

The sessions also included 
field trips featuring forest 
genetics. 

Courses studied by the group 
included: ' ' Forest Genetics of 
Southern Pine,' ''Better Trees 
from Open Pollinated Pollen 
Tests,'' ' ' Georgraphic Strains 
and Georgraphic Seed Sources of 
Southern Pine,'' ''Applying For- 
est Genetics in the Field for 
Better Silviculture,'' ''Preven- 
tion and Control of Forest Dis- 
(Continued on Page 10) 
MANAGEMENT SCHOOL --Speakers 
included, 1. Philip C. Wakely, 
2. Keith Dorman, 3. Bruce Zobol, 
4. VI. A. Campbell, and 5. Douglas 
Craig. 6. Another instructor, 
Richard H. Smith, left, shows 
H. C. Carruth and W. H. McComb 
insect disease chart. 7. These 
foresters attended the school. 
8. School staff. 








III! 




\ZtflllHJUHtA. 




Georgia's traditional and col- 
orful county fair season, which 
''closed out'' this month after 
a successful 10 week run, once 
again featured a variety of 
forestry exhibits ranging from 
miniature woodlots to a live 
Smokey Bear. 

Forest Rangers in nearly 100 
Georgia counties arranged the 
various" displays in their re- 
spective areas , and many rangers, 
in counties not holding fairs 
utilized fair space in an ad- 
joining county to present in 
colorful form the stories of 
Unit's activities and of for- 
estry in their counties. 

State and regional fairs also 
showed Commission forestry dis- 
plays. These fairs include the 
Southeastern Fair at Atlanta, 
the Central Georgia Exhibition 
at Macon, the Coosa Valley Fair 
at Rome, and the Chattahoochee 
Valley Exposition at Columbus. 

One innovation of the 1954 
fair season was introduction of 
10 new Commission forest fire 
prevention displays. The dis- 
plays featured a flashing light 
exhibit showing bear cubs and 
advocating the basic wildfire 
prevention rules. 

Fair- goers in several areas 
were treated to a sight of the 
Georgia Forestry Commission's 
emergency headquarters vehicle, 
a huge truck trailer which dur- 
ing emergency periods will serve 
as a central dispatching office. 
Rangers set the vehicle up at 
fair grounds, and used it as 
their headquarters, dispatching 
vehicles directly from the fair 



1. Community Forestry Practices 
were the theme of the Taylor County 
exhibit. 

2. A selectrosl ide depicting 
various phases of fores try caught 
the attention of these children at 
one of the county fair exhibits. 

3. The Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion's real, live Smokey Bear was 
on hand at the Macon County fair. 



te 'pectfcvted 







'ounds. 

Management exhibits also were 
i display in many fairs, and 
le Commission's general utility 
chibit, a flashing light dis- 
lay featuring fire prevention 
id suppression, reforestation 
id management, was used in the 
irger state and regional fairs. 
Youngsters at many fairs were 
itrigued by a life-size talking 
nokey fear, which gave fire 
revention messages in a deep 
lsky voice. Children at other 
lirs saw live Smokey Bear, 
my rangers arranged miniature 
Lsplays of burned and unburned 
:eas, and ''Products of the 
jrest' ' was a popular theme at 
my exhibition areas. 

Counties which had fair exhi- 
Lts were as follows: 
Elbert, Gilmer, Gordon, Ca- 
Dosa, Clayton, Gwinnett, Cobb, 
Lncoln, Cherokee, Upson, Jack- 
jn, DeKalb, Polk, Bartow, Bar- 
w, Baldwin, Whitfield, Car- 
jll, Burke, Johnson, Heard, 
mry, Fulton, Washington, Jen- 
ins, Franklin, Troup, Butts, 
ilton, Meriwether , Mitchell, 
id is on, Chattooga, Newton, 
oyd, Coweta, Clarke, Harris, 
iscogee, Dade, Jefferson and 
indler. 

Macon, Effingham, Lowndes, 
r ans, Dougherty, Ben Hill, 
anuel , Coffee, Atkinson, Early, 
lbot, Lamar, Jones, Sumter, 
■aiding, Decatur, Bibb, Tift, 
ynn, Bryan, Colquitt, Rich- 
>nd, Crisp, Brooks, Baldwin, 
pling, Laurens, Ware, Telfair, 
atham, and Taylor. 



Chattooga County exhibit. 

Jenkins County exhibit. 

Muscogee County Ranger Floyd 
•ok presents a passing viewer 
th forestry literature at the 
scogee exhibit. 

Polk County exhibit. 
» Madison County exhibit. 

Fulton County featured the 
Amission' s talking Smokey Bear. 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



(liokm(md'l Cdbuaid A/eUon 1955 NSCP 
1954 4-Jl Qanelttof, GUamp. 




4-H FORESTRY CHAMP EDWARD NELSON utilized four phasesof good for- 
estry to win his title. In left photo, County Agent W. E. Bazemore, 
Ranger T. M. Strickland and Nelson, left to right, inspect a pine 
tree seedling Nelson planted on his 13-acre project. in right 
photo, Nelson prunes one of his healthy young trees. 



Edward Nelson, Georgia's 1954 
State Forestry Champion, today 
can point to four phases of good 
forestry which he holds largely 
responsible for his top ranking 
over dozens of other contenders 
in the recent district and state 
finals. 

Thinning, pruning, planting 
and fire prevention are the four 
phases which were combined in 
the young 4-H'ers victory. 

When the Richmond County youth 
capped the championship in Atl- 
anta in October, it was his 
first appearance in the state- 
wide competitions, and this 
made his victory doubly surpris- 
ing. But when Nelson's training 
his background and his past ex- 
periences are known, his victory 
seems- to be merely another in a 
growing line of accomplishments. 

Nelson's project covered 12 
acres on his father's farm on 
Barton Chapel Road. Part of the 
area is timbered and served as 
his working area for thinning 
and pruning. In addition, he 
had planted two acres of idle 
land. He constructed fire- 

breaks id has been a constant 



voice for fire prevention in 
his community. He utilized the 
best approved thinning and prun- 
ning methods. 

Championships are not entirely 
new to Nelson. Last year he 
won the district junior cham- 
pionship. He is now 15 years 
old, a sophomore in high school, 
and has been a 4-H'ers for seven 
years. 

Long been a leader in his com- 
munity and county, he has served 
as president of the Murphy Jun- 
ior High. He has previously 
engaged in 4-H projects in poul- 
try, cattle, gardening and home 
ground beautif ication. He also 
has been a regular exhibitor at 
the Exchange Club's annual fair. 
He has never missed attending 
the Richmond County 4-H Club 
Camp, and last year served as a 
Junior Leader. 

Of all Nelson's accomplish- 
ments and undertakings, probably 
closest to his heart are those 
that center in his church. Here 
too, he has been constantly in 
the forefront as an outstanding 
leader and the Methodist Youth 
(Continued on Page 10) 



The 1955 conservation program 
for producers of gum naval stores 
has been announced by the U.S. 
Department of Agriculture, The 
program, administered by the 
Forest Service for the Agricul- 
tural Conservation Program Ser- 
vice, was started in 1936 to en- 
courage conservation practices 
in the slash pine and longleaf 
pine forests of the South from 
which come gum naval stores- 
turpentine and rosin. These 
forests, in addition to those 
in Georgia, are located largely 
in Florida, Alabama and Missi- 
sippi. 

Under the program, small pay- 
ments are made to gum naval 
stores farmers who observe such 
conservation practices as re- 
stricting their cuppings to 
larger trees or to those already 
worked, or to those trees which 
should within a few years be 
removed from the timber stand; 
for using the more modern met- 
hods of obtaining the gum, and 
for other good forestry prac- 
tices which will protect and 
develop the timber stand. 

Participation is voluntary and 
available to any farmer install- 
ing ''faces'' on trees during or 
after 1951. 

For 1955 no changes in the 
rates of payment for the usual 
conservation practices have been 
made. One new practice has been 
added. New participants will be 
paid seven and one -ha If cents 
per face for the removal of cups 
and tins and the nails which 
hold them, from faces installed 
on small trees in 1955. 



Nelson, below, thins out an 
undesirable tree. 




NOVEMBER, 1 954 



^Ite. (lotutdbup. 



Rangers In The News 



Chesley Gilmore, Macon County 
Ranger, received a special note 
of thanks from Jim Brown, Macon 
County landowner, for the sup- 
pression job done on a fire in 
Mr. Brown's woodlands. The 
letter read in pai t "I wish to 
extend my thanks and appreci- 
ation for the fine job the Macon 
County Unit did at Drayton last 
night. This was the most ef- 
ficient operation that I have 
ever witnessed and certainly re- 
flected credit to you and your 
entire organization." 




Harris County Ranger Berry 
Moon recently enlisted the aid 
of Girl Scouts in his community 
in the pine cone picking season. 
The Ranger described the Com- 
mission's pine cone needs at a 
meeting of the Hamilton Girl 
Scouts prior to opening of the 
season. He told them how to 
recognize the cones and how to 
select the right ones and at the 
meeting's close gave each girl 
a pine cone to help in identi- 
fication. 




Heard County Ranger W.D. Mil- 
lians, Jr., failed to allow the 
fact that there was no fair held 
in his area this year to deter 
him from showing a fair exhibit. 
The Ranger obtained the Commis- 
sion's new flashing Smokey ex- 
hibit, based on the fire pre- 
vention theme, and set up the 
Heard County courthouse in 

Franklin during the recent court 
week there. 

'Everyone who came in the 
courthouse,'' said the Ranger, 
''saw the exhibit, and we have 
some large crowds during that 
week. We believe the exhibit 
helped many Heard County citi- 
zens become much more forest 
fire prevention conscious.'' 




SMOKEY ON TOUR--Smokey Bear, the Georgia Forestry Commission's 
real, live, growling symbol of forest fire prevention, has been 
seen by thousands of Georgians during the- past few weeks. Smokey 
has appeared not only at county fairs, but at fair parades and 
several special events. The bear, in top photo, takes a look at 
the crowd assembled in Butler to watch that city's annual "B-Day" 
parade, an observance which began with that city's centennial last 
year. Smokey, in photo below, is shown with Henry County Ranger 
Jack L. Baker, prior to the Henry County fair parade. 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



"State Of Dade" Scene 
Of Demonstration 




The ''State of Dade'' was the 
scene of a recent forestry dem- 
onstration featuring forest mana- 
gement, reforestation and fire 
control. Approximately seventy 
five persons gathered at the 
site of pine plantations on the 
woodland of Miss Bess Cure ton 
nearing Rising Fawn for a full 
afternoon of forestry lectures, 
demonstrations and contests. 

In the thinning contest - a 
highlight of the meeting with 
all present participating - the 
distaff side proved that fores- 
try is not necessarily a man's 
game as a lady contestant emer- 
ged victorious in the competi- 
tion to select trees to be cut 



and trees to be left in the 
first selective harvesting of 
pulpwood. 

Serving as master of ceremon- 
ies for the gathering was L.C. 
Adams, Dade County Agent. Rev- 
erend H.A. Hilton of Trenton 
Methodist Church offered the 
invocation. 

Miss Cure ton opened the dis- 
cussions with a brief resume of 
the library of the woodlands at 
the demonstration site. C. 

Dorsey Dyer, Georgia Extension 
Forester, spoke on the ' 'Value 
of Selective Cutting.' 1 He ex- 
plained that under average con- 
ditions pine could be expected 
to put on about two inches dia- 
meter growth every five years, 
and by means of prepared charts 
he showed the increased growth 
and market value obtained in 
stands of trees that are selec- 
tively cut and in which proper 
numbers of trees are allowed to 
remain and grow from 15 to 20 
to 25 and to 30 years of age. 
He showed that during each of 
the last two five-year periods 
the growth doubled. 

''Marking Procedures'' was the 
subject of a discussion by Frank 
(Continued on Page 10) 



Tree Appreciation Day 
To Be Held Dec. 3 

Georgia's second annual 4-H 
Tree Appreciation Day will be 
held December 3. 

Dorsey Dyer, Extension Fores- 
ter, University of Georgia Agri- 
cultural Extension Service, said 
that plans for the special day 
are similar to these carried out 
last December 10, when the first 
Tree Appreciation Day was held. 

''Last year,'' said Mr. Dyer, 
''nearly 500,000 Georgia boys 
and girls were given at least 
one tree apiece as they left 
school; and they planted the 
trees when they got home that 
day. As a result, we feel that 
nearly 500,000 Georgians now 
have a greater interest in trees 
and in forests and their impor- 
tance in the lives of the citi- 
zens of this state.'' 

In 1953, 128 counties parti- 
cipated by conducting the pro- 
gram in 1,646 schools. 



MANAGEMENT, REFORESTATION, AND FIRE CONTROL were 
featured at the recent Dade County Forestry demon- 
stration. Tom Ramke, Forester, TVA, and Dorsey 
Dyer, Georgia Extension Forester, left to right, 
top photo, explain why larger trees mean more pro- 
fit. In lower left photo, John Hint on, TVA Fores- 
ter, left, is assisted by Ramke in bis talk on 



The forester said the seedlings 
used will be those grown in the 
Georgia Forestry Commission's 
four forest tree nurseries. 
Last year the trees were dis- 
tributed by 4-H Club members 
and were given by 137 local 
bankers and five pulp and paper 
organizations. 

"Cut and Leave Data on a Sample Acre." In lower 
center photo, F.J. Pullen, left, and Frank Craven, 
right, District Foresters, Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission, show advancements in fire suppression 
equipment. J. C. Pace, Dade County Ranger, right, 
lower right photo, emphasizes the importance of 
tree planting. 




NOVEMBER, 1 954 



Seedlings-- Foresters-- 



(Continued from Page 2) 

delivery from nursery to ship- 
point ''is of no benefit, what- 
ever'' if seedlings are not 
heeled in promptly when deliv- 
ered to the farmer or landowner. 

''Be on the lookout for your 
seedlings," he declared, ''and 
accept them promptly. Then 
carry them to the planting site 
without delay, and heel in at a 
cool, moist place protected from 
sun and wind. One of the most 
important precautions is to keep 
the roots of the seedlings moist 
at all times until planted.'' 

Commission officials reported 
that some species of nursery 
stock no longer are available, 
due to s heavy influx this year 
of early orders . 

'We do, however, ' ' said Mr. 
Hill, ''still have slash pine 
and loblolly pine available in 
quantity. " 

Ra*Ufe>i ScUoal-- 

(Continued from Page 3) 

Instructors and their topics 
were W.H. McComb, Management 
Chief, ''Management;'' L.A. Har- 
greaves, Assistant to the Dir- 
ector, ''Personnel Administra- 
tion; George Bishop, Assistant 
Director, Administration, ''Ad- 
ministration;'' and Lester Lun- 
dy and J.C. Turner, Jr., As- 
sistant Fire Chiefs, ''Preven- 
tive Maintenance on Trucks. 

Other speakers and topics in- 
cluded Mr. Ruark, ''Safety;'' 
R.E. Davis, Information and Ed- 
ucation Chief, ' 'General Infor- 
mation and Education and Radio 
and Television; ' ' 0. L. Knott 
Jr. , Information and Education 
Assistant, ''Visual Aids and I 
and E. Equipment Maintenance;'' 
R.E. Rutherford, Information 
and Education Assistant, ' 'Press 
and Publications;'' Mr. Lundy 
and Mr. Turner, ''First Aid;'' 
Mr. Turner, ''Radio Signals and 
Procedures;'' Mr. Turner and 
David Groom, Sixth District For- 
ester, ' ' Fire Suppression;'' Mr. 
Lundy, "Reforestation,"' and 
F.C. Landrum, Service Manager 
John Deere Plow Company, Pre- 
ventive Maintenance onTractors." 



(Continued from. Page 1) 

eases,' "Prevention and Con- 
trol of Forest Insects," "Use 
of International Business Mach- 
ines and Permanent Plots in For- 
est Insects,' ''Use of Inter- 
national Business Machines and 
Permannent Plots in Forest Mana- 
gement Plans,' "Plotless 
Timber Cruising,' and ''Forest 
Taxation. 

Instructors were Keith Dorman, 
silviculturist, Southeastern 

Experiment Station, Macon; Phil- 
lip C. Wakeley, silviculturist, 
Southern Forest Experiment Sta- 
tion, New Orleans, La.; Bruce 
Zobel, silviculturist, Texas 
Forest Service, College Station, 
Tex.; Richard H. Smith, disease 
research, Southeastern Experi- 
ment Station, Lake City, Fla. ; 
W.A. Campbell, forest patholo- 
gist, U.S. Forest Service, Atl- 
anta, and Roger Huff, timber 
valuation engineer, Bureau of 
Internal Revenue. 

Cooperating with the Sponsors 
in conducting the school were 
the U.S. Forest Service and the 
Texas Forest Service. 

Host for the meeting was the 
Georgia School of Forestry under 
the direction of Dean Dan J. 
Weddell. 



Nel 



son-- 



(Continued from Page 7) 

Fellowship. He has served as 
Treasurer of his local MYF and 
also as Treasurer of the Augusta 
District MYG. From this phase 
of his life has come the high 
calling for his life's work. He 
plans to enter the ministry. 
W.F. Basemore, Assistant Rich- 
mond County Agent, and the one 
who as advisor has guided Nelson 
to the championship, takes jus- 
tifiable pride in the fact that 
Edward is the second member of 
his family who has won a state 
championship the first year they 
competed in Atlanta. Bazemore 
also served as advisor to Ed- 
ward's older brother who won 
with a farm fencing project the 
first time he engaged the state 
wide competitions. 




"THIS IS THE CULPKIT, " says 
Richmond County Ranger T. M. 
Strickland as he holds up a 
lighted match on his weekly tele- 
vision show in Augusta. The 
WJBI'-TV camera moves in f o r a 
close-up shot of the lighted 
match. 

Demonstration-- 

(Continued from. Page 9) 

Craven, Assistant District For- 
ester, Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion. He stressed the impor- 
tance of having stands marked 
by experienced foresters prior 
to cutting, and listed the prin- 
cipal points to be considered 
in determining whether indivi- 
dual trees in a stand should be 
cut or left for further growth. 

' 'Cut and Leave Data on a 
Sample Acre" was given by John 
Hint on, TVA Forester, and Tom 
Ramke, Forester, TVA, conduc- 
ted the thinning exercise and 
awarded the prizes to the win- 
ning contestants. 

J. C. Pace, Dade County Forest 
Ranger, emphasized the impor- 
tance of tree planting and ex- 
pressed the wish that his county 
would in the coming season plant 
a million trees. Pace demon- 
strated the use of the dibble 
to plant seedlings, and stressed 
the need for careful handling 
of seedlings during the planting 
operations. 

Concluding the afternoon's 
program was a fire suppression 
demonstration under the direc- 
tion of Craven and Pace. 




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FORESTRY 




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19 5 4 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Tempting Fate 
With Matches 

(From the Cobb County Times) 

While the drouth has brought 
many losses and numerous head- 
aches to Cobb County farmers, it 
has posed more serious threats 
in the wooded areas of the 
county. 

Forest fires have been raking 
through Georgia at the rate of 
some 100 per day in the last few 
weeks. So far, Cobb County has 
been fairly lucky. 

But unless our luck holds in 

the dry days yet ahead, we may 

fall prey to that costly and 

deadly destroyer- - the forest 

fire. 

Our County Forestry unit has 

only so much equipment and so 
many men. When a rash of firei 
breaks out, they simply cannot 
handle every one immediately. 
Fire breeds on time, and a few 
minutes may mean thousands of 
dollars lost in timberland or 
homes. 

Think before you strike a 
match, and try to avoid starting 
fires during this dry season. 



Editorial 

^,0CC&ty Tit 



(From the Gainesville Daily 
Times) 

The beauty of North Georgia's 
countryside and much of its 
wealth in timber and forest 
products remain for our en- 
joyment and prosperity and are 
we lucky! 

Or maybe we're just becoming 
more careful. 

With the forests as dry as 
they are, a small blaze could 
easily get out of hand. With 
eve^y twig in the woods like a 
tinder, a cigaret carelessly 
thrown, a hiker's match or even 
a spa'rk from a train could set 
off a frightful conflagration. 

In addition to luck, we have 
better organized forest fire 
protection than ever and county 
units ready to go at a moment's 
notice have nipped in the bud 
fires that without immediate 
attention might have devastated 
hundreds of acres. 

Day by day the fire danger 
becomes higher, and the critical 
fire season is still before us. 



Vol. 7 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

December, 1954 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 



No. 12 



Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Varn, Chairman Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo 

John M. McElrath Macon H. 0. Cummings Donalsonville 



Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

* * * * 

DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 



DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

Statesboro 
DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

Camilla 
DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

Americus 
DISTRICT IV— P. O. Box 333, 

Newnan 
DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 

McRae 



DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 

Milledgeville 
DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Rome 
DISTRICT VIII— P. 0. Box 811, 

Waycross 
DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

Gainesville 
DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 

Washington 



Aid 9n JbloutU 

High praise to Georgia' s news- 
papers, radio stations, and tele- 
vision stations for the cooper- 
ation shown during the recent 
devastating drouth came this 
month from Guyton DeLoach, Di- 
rector, Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion. 

"Georgians can consider them- 
selves fortunate." said the Di- 
rector, "that the forest fire 
losses recorded during those 
long, dry months were no worse. 
A large amount of credit for 
keeping the fire losses down 
goes to the radio and television 
stations and to the press of the 
state. " 

Mr. DeLoach explained that the 
moment the drouth became serious 
enough to be a menace to 
Georgia's woodland areas, the 
three communications mediums 
began an intensive drive to 
acquaint the public with the 
dangers of carelessness with 
match, cigaret, and brush and 
trash /burning activities. 

Radio and television stations, 
in addition to presenting reg- 
ularly public service programs 
scheduled for Rangers and other 
Commission, personnel, gave 
additional time to these men for 
special appeals. News programs 
and telecasts carried latest in- 
formation on forest fire damages, 
and forest fire danger spot 
announcements were interspersed 
throughout thep rog rami n g day. 

Weekly and daily newspapers 
devoted many news columns' to re- 
porting the forest fire situ- 
ation and many editorial pages 
carried forceful appeals for 
wildfire prevention. 



Credit to the Atlanta Consti- 
tution and to its fine staff 
artist, Cliff Baldowski, for the 
excellent forest fire prevention 
cartoon which was reprinted in 
the November issue of Georgia 
Forestry was inadvertantly omit- 
ted from that issue. Special 
thanks is due both Mr. Baldowski 
and his newspaper for the fine 
cooperation they have shown the 
Georgia Forestry Commission and 
the Commission's forest fire 
prevention program. 



A smiling lassie and a gay 
holiday wreath typify the Yule- 
tide spirit on our December 
cover as Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission personnel join in 
wishing you the merriest of 
Christmases. 



DECEMBER, 1 954 



SeedUayt 2,2.40,000,000 £««*d 4W 



Georgia Leads South 
In Lumber Production 




Georgia landowners in mid No- 
vember began receiving their 
first shipments of an estimated 
122,000,000 seedlings that are 
being lifted and shipped to 
every county in the state by the 
Georgia Forestry Commission's 
four nurseries. 

Lifting operations began last 
month at Hightower, Davisboro, 
Herty and Horseshoe Bend nurs- 
eries and seedlings are being 
removed from beds as rapidly as 
orders can be assembled and ship- 
ped. 

Davisboro Nursery, the Commis- 
sion's largest, again is expect- 
ed to lead in seedling production 
with approximately 40,510,789 
seedlings. Anticipated produc- 
tion for Herty Nursery is 25,726, 
120; Hightower Nursery, 22,415, 
265; and Horseshoe Bend Nursery, 
32,652,848. 

Species and anticipated pro- 
duction of trees are as follows: 

Slash Pine, 91,497,952 ; Lob- 
lolly, 27,749,576 ; Longleaf, 
719,451; Shortleaf, 840,000; 
Black Locust, 104, 305 ; Red Cedar, 
165,986; Arizona Cypress, 196, 
452, Yellow Poplar, 131,300 and 
several thousand White Pine. 

Some species of nursery stock 
no longer are available, due to 
a heavy influx of early orders. 
However, Slash, Loblolly, Short- 
leaf and Black Locust still are 
available. The cost on Slash, 
Loblolly, and Shortleaf species 
is $3 per thousand F.O. B. nurs- 
ery and Black Locust is $2 per 
thousand. A 25 cents per thou- 
sand transportation charge is 
added when seedlings are shipped 
to a central point in the county 
from which they are ordered. 
Persons wanting the remaining 
species should order early to 
insure their receiving their 
supply. Order blanks may be ob- 
tained from Georgia Forestry 
Commission personnel, County 
Agents, Soil Conservation Ser- 
vice Technicians, Vocational 
Agriculture Teachers, or by 
writing directly to the Georgia 
Forestry Commission, Atlanta. 



Georgia's 1953 lumber production 
led the entire South, according to 
a report issued this month by the 
Bureau of the Census, U.S. Depart- 
ment of Commerce. 

Georgia's production totalled 
2,240,000,000 board feet, an in- 
crease of 159,000,000 board feet 
over the previous year, 1952- The 
The 1952 production was 2,081,000, 
000 board feet. Georgia's lumber 
production for 1951 was 2,177,000, 
000 board feet. 

The greatest percentage of the 
state's lumber production was 
in softwoods, 1,917,000,000 
board feet, a gain over 1952 of 
176,000,000 board feet. The 
state's softwood production in 
1951 was 1,730,000,000 board 
feet. 

Hardwood production in Geor- 
gia, however, decreased slightly 
in 1953. During that year, 323, 
000,000 board feet, of hardwood 
were produced. During the pre- 
vious year the hardwood total 
was 340,000,000 board feet. 



Georgia's neighboring state, 
Alabama, produced 1,485,000,000 
board feet of lumber in 1953' 
1,052,000,000 board feet, of 
that total in softwoods and 
433,000,000 board feet in hard- 
woods. 

Some of the areas reporting 
to the U.S. Department of Com- 
merce sent in their figures on 
a regional basis; therefore in- 
dividual statewide figures were 
not available for all states. 
Arkansas and Oklahoma, for ex- 
ample, reported as one unit, as 
did California and Nevada. 



''Our state's increasing lum- 
ber production and its current 
status in nationwide production, ' 
declared Guyton DeLoach, Direc- 
tor, Georgia Fores try Commission, 

typify the opportunities which 
lie ahead for the Georgia far- 
mer or landowner in the field o f 
tree farming. Georgia citizens 
setting out seedlings today may, 
in many areas, be assured of a 
sawlogcrop within twenty years'. 



These logs (left photo), part of a crop from a Georgia free Farm, 
are sprayed with strong jets of water to remove dirt ana impurities 
from the bark before they enter the mill. Stacks of lumber like 
this (right photo), a familiar sight in all parts of Georgia, form 
a graphic reminder of Georgia's leadership in the Southern lumber 
field. 





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"... • 'V.-*-'' ' : iii- ■ .*' "•'*-'.' v - '' "*' ■■'■ tt *?/%*&■ ■ . 

-i — 




PULPWOOD MART--An attractive sign, (top photo), imprinted with 
the familiar "Keep Georgia Green" message points out the Moo radian 
yard to West Georgia farmers and landowners. Stacked boltsof pulp- 
wood, (center photo), await loading on railroad cars. Note load- 
ing machine on other side of car. A loading machine, (bottom photo), 
removes wood from a farmer" s truck for loading onto a flatcar. 




Rut ten,' «, £<fCj, 
Market Qaund 9n 
Pulfuvaad IjcfoJU 

Pulpwood concentration yards, 
at one time found only occas- 
ionally throughout the state, 
today not only are becoming a 
common sight throughout Georgia, 
but are providing the state's 
small landowner with a ' ' butter' n 
egg' ' type market for his pulp- 
wood products. 

These yards have fast proved a 
boon, especially to the small 
tree farmer who previously was 
unable to find a market for the 
cord or two of wood from an im- 
provement thinning on a small 
woodlot. 

Just as farmer's markets today 
provide a ready market for truck 
garden products and produce and 
- equally as important - a source 
of immediate cash for the 
seller, so do the modern-day 
pulpwood concentration yards 
provide the tree farmer a cash 
market for his pulpwood pro- 
ducts. 

No longer does the farmer have 
to wait until he has accumulated 

a railway carload of wood, haul 
the wood to a rail siding, un- 
load it on a flatcar, and await 
the mails for a check in pay- 
ment of his wood. 

Today's alternative operation 
in selling pulpwood is typified 
by a Woodbury, Ga., independent 
dealer, William Mooradian, who 
buys for the Bowaters Southern 
Paper Corporation in Tennessee. 

Mr. Mooradian uses 300 cords 
weekly, most of it taken from a 
20 mile area. Although some of 
Georgia's pulpwood dealers ope- 
rate cutting crews of their own, 
the Woodbury dealer confines 
his operations to purchasing 
wood from local farmers as they 
bring in one or several cords. 

' 'Much of the wood we take in 
here,'' he declared, 'couldn't 
be sold otherwise because of the 
small quantity in which it's de- 
livered. Our farmers cut their 
own wood, and most of them bring 
it in here in their own trucks. 
We pay 112 a cord, and the far- 
mer walks out of the woodyard 
with the check in his hand. ' 



DECEMBER, 1 954 



Qo4ftlc Book 
9 ntefr nx UtfUi xU 




International Paper Company's 
newest educational comic booklet 
has been released for distri- 
bution to sixth, seventh, and 
eighth grade students through- 
out the South. 

This year's booklet, sixth to 
date in the series, is titled 
''Who Lives on the Forest Farm.'' 
Previous editions have been' 'How 
Money Goes Up in Smoke , ' ' ' ' How 
Money Grows on Trees,'' '"The 
C r °P That Did Not Fail, " "The 
Little Trees That Went to School, ' ' 
and ' ' How Does the Tree Crop 
Grow. 

Attractivley presented in mul- 
ticolor, the booklet tells the 
story of damage caused by a for- 
est fire, not only to the trees 
and seedlings that it devours, 
but to soil and wildlife as well. 
It stresses how an unburned for- 
est gives nourishment and pro- 
tection to fish and wildlife. 
In addition, it tells of Tree 
Farming in all itsimportant phases 
from planting to harvesting. 

Distribution of the booklets 
in Georgia is being made by C 01111 " 
ty Rangers in counties opera- 
ting forestry units, while in 
unprotected counties county 
school superintendents are mak- 
ing the deliveries. 



Forestry Research Center 
Dedication Scheduled 



Dedication ceremonies for the 
newly established Georgia Forestry 
Center, which will serve as head- 
quarters for a large percentage of 
all forest research activities be- 
ing carried on throughout the state, 
will be, held December 20 at the 
Maccn Shop and Warehouse. 

Hundreds are expected to parti- 
cipate in the activities, which 
will include an open house and 
an address by Governor Herman 
Talmadge, talks by other not- 
ables, and a barbecue din- 
ner. The Farmers Club of the Macon 
Chamber of Commerce is sponsoring 
the dedication and barbecue. 

Fores try leade rs , le gis la tors , 
and civic leaders from throughout 
Georgia and the South have been 
invited to attend. 

A feature of the day's activities 
will be an ''open house" at which 
visitors will be given an opport- 
unity to view the many activities 
carried on at the Center. These 
activities include not only research 
work, but the Commission's varied 



shop, and warehouse projects, a 
southwide seed- testing center, and 
a complete cone processing plant. 

The research center, which was 
opened two months ago, characterizes 
one of the key points in thestate' s 

''new look'' in the forest research 
field — cooperative effort. The 
center represents combined efforts 
and work on the part of such organi- 
zations as the Georgia Forest Re- 
search Council, the Georgia School 
of Forestry, the U.S. Forest Ser- 
vice, private industry and the 
Georgia Forestry Commission. 

The Center actually had its be- 
ginning last fall following an act 
of the Georgia Legislature, which 
established the Georgia Research 
Council to coordinate the research 
functions of forestry agencies. 

Since establishment of the Coun- 
cil, four research projects have 
been placed in operation in Georgia. 
They are insects and diseases, 
genetics, hardwood control, and 
seed orchards. 



GAINESVILLE HEADQUARTERS- -Newest of the Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion district headquarters buildings is this structure south of 
Gainesville on the Atlanta highway. The headquarters contains 
offices for the District Forester, Assistant District Foresters, 
Radio Technician and Law Enforcement officer, as well as storage 
and garage space. 





GEORGIA FORESTRY 



RISC Ml l>\ 




fitted *)tt Sxfi&Umetttcd pa^ie< 



/\ new, highly realistic con- 
cept of forest management by 
small owners characterizes the 
studies being made on the 4,000 
acre George Walton Experimental 
Forest in Southeast Dooly County. 
The forest is the field labora- 
tory of the Cordele Research 
Center, U.S. Forest Service. 
Much forestry research and the 
subsequent findings and recom- 
mendations are based on the as- 
sumptions that the small owners 
will do their own marking, im- 
provement cutting, harvesting 
and even sawmilling and other 
wood work during slack periods. 

Here at the George Walton For- 
est, however, the emphasis is on 
the owner as a business man or 
professional man and essentially 
only a manager or administrator 
of his woodlands who sells his 
timber as stumpage to sawmillers, 
pulpwood contractors, or other 
forest products dealers. This 
concept has an increasingly prac- 
tical basis as industry and pub- 
lic agencies offer constantly 
broadened forest management ser- 
vices to landowners. 

The expressed purpose of opera- 
tion of the 4000 -acre George 
Walton Experimental Forest in 
Southeast Dooly County is to do 
research in forest management 
with the objective of obtaining 
the greatest net income per acre 
from timber management. Put 

this model experimental forest 
in Georgia' s middle Coastal Plain 
seems to have far exceeded even 
this ambitious objective in the 
extent of its operations. 

The George Walton Forest was 
established in 1947 on a cooper- 
ative agreement with Holt Wal- 
ton, a leading landowner of the 
area, and member of an outstand- 
ing family of the section, and 
one whose foresight, intuition, 
aggressiveness and first-hand 
knowledge of timber production 
have carried him to the owner- 
ship of some of the most pro- 
ductive and valuable timber land 



in the entire South. Twenty 
years ago, as the headlines 
screamed of business collapse 
and agriculture fell victim 
to the depression, Walton pushed 
ahead with his practice of buy- 
ing depleted cropland, planting 
with wildling Slash Pine seed- 
lings, and fighting fire with 
the rudimentary means at his 
command. Today his wool lands 
stand as a green and growing 
monument to one man's faith and 
action while others surrendered 
to despair. 

The George Walton Forest is 
named after Georgia's early 
three- times Colonial Governor 
and signer of the [Declaration 
of Independence. Though the 

tie-in is natural, Holt Walton 
claims no relation to the col- 
onial leader. 

The specter of wildfire loomed 
large as the first problem that 
confronted Norman Hawley, Offi- 
cer-in-Charge, and Frank Bennett, 
when they started work on the 
forest immediately after the 
Southeastern Forest Experiment 
Station signed a 50- year contract 
with Walton. 

Under terms of the agreement, 
Walton provides the entire tract 
rent-free, and also contributes 
some labor and equipment. He 
plows all firebreaks on the area 
and carries on hardwood control 
with his naval stores crews. 
Hawley and Frank Bennett, He- 
search Forester, consul t and co- 
operate closely with Walton in 
all projects and operations on 
the forest. 

Seven years were yet to pass 
before Dooly County was to start 
organized forest fire protection, 
and Hawley, Walton and company 
were completely on their own in 
fire protection. During the first 
year a power wagon was equipped 
with a pump and 200-gallon tank, 
fire tool caches were placed in 
the woods, and a fire lookout 

(Continued on Page 10) 






t&ent&tt 
Studies 



ENTERING £J .* • % 

GEORGE WALTON EXPERIMENTAL FOREST 

SOUTHEASTERN FOREST EXPERIMENT STATION 

•N COOPERATION WITH 

(53 HOLT WALTON Id 



afSV 



3300 ACRES ESTABLISHED JAN. 2. 191 



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1. SUPERIOR TREE-- 
r rank Bennett, Re- 
search Forester, left, 
md Holt Walton, owner 
if the experimental 
orest, right, look at 
me of the superior I 
Hash Pine that have 
>een selected aspart 
f the genetics study. iV ' 

. FARM WOODLOT--This farm woodlot is sup- 
lying information usuable by farmers of 
he Middle Coastal Plain. 
. PINE SPACING STUDY- -Sixteen plantings 
f different spacings are designed to give 
jch-needed information on best spacings 
ir production of various products. 
. SAWMILL- -Timber sales and sawmill oper- 
tions on George Walton Forest. 
, EXPERIMENTAL PLOTS- -Unique arrangement 
rovides for convenient comparison of re- 
nits on plots of pilot plant. 
. CLEARCUT AREA OF PLANTATION MANAGEMENT : 
TUDY--This 19-year-old pulpwood rotation I 
lot was clearcut this year. Four rota- I 
ions of 19, 25, 35, and 50 years are I 
jing used. 

FIREBREAK PASTURES- -Norman Hawley, Of- \ 
icer-in-Charge, and Holt Walton inspect 8 
le of the wide firebreaks that also serve i 
5 pastureland. 

Holt Walton, left, and Norman Hawley, | 
Lght, stand beside the George Walton 
(perimental Forest sign. 





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REFORESTATION WINNERS- -Henry Inglet (photo at 
left), young 4-H Club boy from Columbia County, 
receives congratulations for winning top honors in 
a reforestation contest sponsored by the Georgia 
Railroad Bank and Trust Company, in cooperation 
with the Georgia Agricultural Extension Service. 
The group includes, left to right, W. R. Tye, 
Columbia County Agent; Charles B. Presley, of the 
Georgia Railroad Bank and Trust Company, Henry 
Inglet, and W. A. Sutton, Extension Service Asso- 
ciated Director. Henry received $25 as area winner 
and an additional $10 as the leading project par- 
ticipant in his home county. Second place winner 
was Bill Loflin, of Richmond County. Young Loflin, 



in photo at right, joins Richmond County Ranger 
T. M. Strickland in inspecting a fast growing pine 
on his Gracewood tree farm. James Rabun, of Jeff- 
erson County, won third prize. First, second and 
third place county winners in the seven Central 
Savannah River Area counties participating were as 
follows: Burke--Benj ie Anderson, Earl Lively, 
Harry Coursey Jr. Columbia- -Henry Inglet, Jack 
Willis, Daniel Marshall. Glascock-- Bernard Todd, 
Calvin McCoy, Linder Walden. Jef ferson--James 
Rabun, Lucius Miller, Billy Lamb. Lincoln- -G ordon 
H. McGee Jr. , George Dunaway, Garry Ward. Mc- 
Duf fie- -Tommy Cofer, Jimmy Harrison. Richmond- - 
Billy Loflin, Julius Whisnant, Danford.Luke. 



PLANTIN' IN THE RAIN--A planting demonstration is carried on 
under rainy skies in Hall County. The group includes, left to 
right, C. A. Rodgers, of Rome, Assistant Woods Manager, Rome Kraft 
Company; C. T. Cantrell Jr., Hall-Banks County Ranger; Mrs. Ella 
Mae Collins, of Gainesville; Sam Martin, Farm Forester, Georgia 
Forestry Commission; 0. C. Burtz, Ninth District Forester, Georgia 
Forestry Commission, and Miss Eula Mae Dunnagan, of Gainesville. 



Demonstration Held In Gainesville 

Cloudy skies and frequent out- 
bursts of rain failed to dampen 
enthusiasm of more than 150 
Northeast Georgia citizens at- 
tending a forestry demonstration 
last month on the property of the 
Hall County Board of Education 
four miles south of Gainesville. 

Sponsors were the Georgia For- 
estry Commission, the Soir Con- 
servation Association, Sandvik 
Saw Company, Rome Kraft Company, 
and Georgia Extension Service. 

Those attending included FFA 
and 4-H boys from many Northeast 
Georgia communities, including 
Lula, Flowery Branch, and Oak- 
wood. 

B.H. Kinney, Hall County SCS 
technician, opened the demon- 
stration with a description of 
the region' s forest resources 
and the potentialities which are 
offered through proper utili- 
zation of those resources. 

E. H. Sosbe, Rome Kraft Company 
Area Manager,, described thinning 
operations, and J. Howard Doyle, 
(Continued on Page 9) 




^Ue RotitulufL 



DECEMBER, 1 954 



Rangers In The News 



The classified columns of the 
Ccrdele Dispatch are playing an 
important part in reminding the 
citizens of Crisp County of the 
dangers of forest fires, accord- 
ing to R an ger William Tvedt. As 
a part of that newspaper's ex- 
cellent cooperation with the 
community' s Keep Georgia Green 
contest committee, ''want ads'' 
are frequently interspersed in 
the columns of the classified 
section. 

A typical ad reads, ' 'Wanted: 
No more forest fires until May 
1 st . It hurts the chances of 
the county winning the 'Keep 
Georgia Green' contest. Crisp 
County Forestry Unit. ' ' 




Pulaski County Ranger John 
Dickinson, who leads one of the 
county's most recently organiz- 
ed units, recently utilized a 
new approach to bring attention 
to the dangerous forest fire 
situation in his area. Calling 
on the techniques of the com- 
mercials frequently heard over 
radio and television programs, 
he asked in the pages of the 
Hawkinsville Cispatch, ''Do you 
feel out of sorts, headachey, 
run down 9 

"Well," he continued, " the 
Pulaski County Forestry "nit 
feels run down too from running 
down so many fires. Since the 
Unit was activated, we have had 
16 tires. Some of the people 
who started these fires know they 
did it. Those are the ones I want 
to contact. You know what de- 
struction fires can cause. Please 
be more careful next time." 




CHURCH GROUP AT FORESTRY SESSION- -Jackson County Ranger James 
McElhannon, right, was host to a district meeting of the Methodist 
Youth Fellowship at the Jackson tower recently. Following a picnic 
supper at the tower site, the group was shown the tower operations 
and a film, ''Which He Hath planted." A seedling was given each of 
the more than 100 young people attending. Here Ranger McElhannon 
presents copies of "Forest, Flame and the Bible" to group leaders 
for distribution to their organizations. 



Forestry message highway signs 
in District Seven rapidly are 
taking on a "new look,'' thanks 
to the work of that District's 
Investigator, Bob Gore, who has 
set up a highway sign repair 
shop at district headquarters. 
Rangers of the District's 16 
counties bring their highway signs 
in to the Investigator, who adds 
new moulding and other repairs 
and applies , whenever necess- 
ary, a touch of paint at the 
proper spots. A regular schedule 
has been set up, and the Rangers 
report the renovated signs are 
being turned out "on an assem- 
bly line basis. 



Ranger Harry Sweat, of Treut- 
len County, recently devised an 
effective weapon to halt careless 
brush burning during periods of 
high forest fire danger. The 
Ranger wrote out the rules and 
precautions regarding brush 
burning and had them printed in 
a small leaflet. He distributed 
the leaflets by placing them in 
parked automobiles in Soperton. 

"The plan worked well," the 
Ranger reported, "especially 
during the recent drouth, and 
landowners have been much more 
cooperative in notifying us of 
brush burning and holding off on 
burning brush and trash during 
periods of high fire danger." 







NEW FARMERS OF AMERICA- -Prof. George Hall, of Todd-Grant High 
School, Darien, works with some of the 78-member chapter of the New 
Farmers of America in developing a demonstration forest. John 
Mclver, International Paper Company District Forester, and Joe 
Garrison, Conservation Forester of the same organization, will give 
technical advice. 



Demonstration-- 

(Continued from Page ?) 

Area Forester, Southern Pulpwood 
Conservation Association, pre- 
sented a marking demonstration. 
Sawing methods were shown by W. 
F. Roberts, of the Sandvik Com- 
pany. 

Aided by Ranger C.T. Cantrell 
Jr., of the Hall-Banks Forestry 
Unit and Unit personnel, Dis- 
trict Forester 0. C. Burtz pre- 
sented a fire control demon- 
stration, which featured actual- 
detection and suppression methods. 

Sam Martin, Georgia Forestry 
Commission Farm Forester, showed 
hardwood control methods and 
pointed out the need for a 
widened scope of such methods 
throughout Georgia. 

"We hope the day will come," 
he declared, "when these unde- 
sirable hardwoods can be uti- 
lized commercially on a large 
scale. Until that day comes, 
however, this problem is one 
which should be the direct con- 
cern of every tree farmer." 

C.A. Rodgers, Assistant Woods 
Manager, Rome Kraft Company, 
showed methods of. hand planting 
and machine planting. Virgil E* 
Wellborn, Assistant County Agent, 

Hall C ountv > was . i n charge of 
programs and publicity. 



»*■•, 




FAMILIAR SCENE--The giant, 
tractor-powered blade breaking 
ground under the small seedlings 
to ready them for lifting is a 
familiar scene in the Georgia 
Forestry Commission's four 
nurseries at this time of year. 



Harper To H 
Sixth Disrict 



d 




■MM):'' 



William C. Harper 



William C. Harper, who has 
been serving as Assistant Dis- 
trict Forester in Charge of Fire 
Control in the First District, 
Statesboro, has been named Sixth 
District Forester with headquar- 
ters at Milledgeville. 

Harper, a native of Vernon, 
Alabama, first began his fores- 
work as a Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission County Ranger in 1950. 
He is a graduate of the George 
Foster Peabody School of Fores- 
try of the University of Georgia. 

Harper succeeds David Groom, 
who resigned to enter the bus- 
iness field. 

In commenting on the appoint- 
ment of Harper, Commission Di- 
rector Guyton DeLoach expressed 
regret at losing the services of 
Groom, but stated that he was 
glad to be able to fill the po- 
sition with a man of Harper's 
high ability and extensive ex- 
perience. 

''Harper,'' said lei oach, ' en- 
ters his new job with a commend- 
able record with the Georgia Fo- 
restry Commission, and we can 
assure the citizens of Dis- 
trict 6 counties that they have 
at their service a highly-qual i- 
fied, competent man.'' 



10 



ft eta Gostcept-- 

(Continued from. Page 5) 

tower was erected from steel 
salvaged from water- tank towers. 
Permanent firebreaks, 66 feet in 
width, were constructed around 
the 30-mile boundary of the for- 
est. Lines were plowed on each 
side of the break and following 
a killing frost the strips were 
burned. These broad pre-sup- 
pression 1 ines have proved highly 
effective, and the plowing and 
burning have been continued an- 
nually though on a diminished 
scale. In recent years the Re- 
search Center personnel have 
worked with Walton in establishing 
cleared firebreaks as permanent 
pastures. Eight different, spe- 
cies of pasture grasses have been 
used in revegatated firebreaks 
sixty-six feet wide to study the 
dual capacity of the grasses to 
prevent firecreep and at the same 
time provide suitable pasturage. 

Management research on the for- 
est is centered on the 2300-acre 
pilot plant, which is divided 
into five blocks, with one block 
being cut each year on a five- 
year cycle. The first cutting - 
netted $3.49 per gross acre per 
year. The pulpwood cutting, se- 
cond in the cycle, is now being 
started. Overall figures on the 
pilot plant area indicate an ex- 
pected growth of 235 board feet 
per year on the average gross 
acre, though only 56 percent of 
the area is in merchantable tim- 
ber. The third cuttings will be 
for both pulpwood and sawtimber. 

Hardwood control operations 
are practiced throughout the 
pilot plant area. The policy 
1S not to attempt 100 percent 
eradication, but to eliminate 
seed sources down to the limit 
of 5' ' DBH, as an initial con- 
trol measure. 

Timber production is the pri- 
mary objective in the manage- 
ment of the forest. Marking is 
directed toward good silvicul- 
tural cutting. Marking is not 
done primarily for naval stores, 
though this has been common 
practice for many years in this 
s ta te . 



Cattle is another secondary 
product on the forest. At pre- 
sent there are 100 head, includ- 
ing cows and ca lves, on a 1000- 
acre pasture. 

Two experimental farm woodlots 
are set up as a major phase of 
the research work on the forest. 

One woodlot of 49 acres is 
under management, though not on 
an annual cutting basis. Plans 
call for cuttings every five 
years, with the first made in 
1950. Records show an average 
growth of 390 to 400 board feet 
per acre per year on this wood- 
lot. The other woodlot is low 
in density and quality of stock- 
ing and is being built up. 

In hardwood control operations 
on the woodlots, good quality 
hardwoods such as Yellow Poplar 
and Red Gum are left to grow 
and produce. 

Extensive pruning studies in- 
volving five degrees of live- 
crown removal have been conduc- 
ted on the forest. Results have 
shown that height growth is not 
affected by the intensity of the 
pruning, and as much as 35% of 
the green crown can be removed 
with very little reduction in 
diameter growth. From these 

facts a two-phase method of 
pruning is recommended. The 
first pruning is made when the 
trees are 15 - 18 feet in heieht. 
and the second pruning 5-6 
years later. _ 

A 20-acre pine spacing study 
is located in the pilot plant 
area of the forest. There are 
16%~ acre plots utilizing the 
following spacings: 6 x 6, 8 x 8, 
10 x 10, 15 x 15, 6 x 8, 5 x-10, 
6 x 12, and TA x 15. 



A thinning study was initiated 
in 1951, with three treatments: 
thinning by single trees, thin- 
ning in clumps, and check plot. 
Measurements showed that in 
height growth dominant trees 
in the check plot were first, 
dominant trees in the clumps 
were second, and single trees 
were last. In diameter growth, 
the single tree plots were first, 




DISTINCTIVE SICW- -Thousands of 
persons passing along U.S. High- 
way 1 in South Georgia see this 
distinctive headquarters sign 
set out by the Appling County 
Forestry Cnit. J.L. Townsend is 
Ranger. 

the dominants in the clumps sec- 
ond, and the check plot showed 
the smallest diameter growth. 

Four different rotations are 
being employed in a plantation 
management study. Pulpwood ro- 
tations being used are 19 and 
25 years, and sawtimber rotat- 
ions of 35 and 50 years. The 
19-year pulpwood rotation plot 
was clear-cut this year. 

A geographic seed source stu- 
dy - a portion of Philip Wake- 
ley's genetics studies - is in 
progress on the George Walton 
forest. There are two series of 
Longleaf Pine with six seed 
sources in each series, and one 
series of Loblolly with nine 
seed sources. 

Included among other current 

studies on the forest are the 

effect of site preparation on 

survival and growth in planted 

and wild areas, the effect of 

pruning on lumber grades, the 

effect of grazing Q^^aJ^nted 

Slash Pine, and^tfn^Tij^ffect 

bud pruning ony^Jvpr ope r ties 6y} 

wood (in coo/eration with the 

Forest ProdLctsi '"Labora'toVyn 
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